Arsenije Loma

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Arsenije Loma
SpomenikRudnik.JPG
Monument
Born 1778
Gojna Gora, Sanjak of Smederevo, Ottoman Empire (modern Serbia)
Died 1815
Brusnica, Revolutionary Serbia (modern Serbia)
Allegiance
Years of service 1804 - 1815
Rank buljubaša (tr. Bölükbaşı, en. "division captain")
Unit Kačer (1811-1815)
Battles/wars

Arsenije Loma (Serbian Cyrillic: Арсеније Лома; 1778-1815) was a Serbian voivode (military commander) in the First and Second Serbian Uprising of the Serbian Revolution (1804-1817). He had the rank of buljubaša and was appointed by Karađorđe to command Kačer in 1811.

Life[edit]

Loma was born in Gojna Gora, to Joksim Knežević, who after the settling of new inhabitants, immediately after the birth of Arsenije, relocated to Dragolj, in the Rudnik nahija. Arsenije supposedly took his surname from the river Lovnica (formerly Lomnica), which lies in Gojna Gora.[1] He had a sister, Pauna, who later married Milutin Savić-Garašanin, who together had three sons, one of whom was Ilija Garašanin, the Serbian Prime Minister 1861–1867.

He was one of the initiators of the First Serbian Uprising. He fought under the command of Milan Obrenović at the Battle of Rudnik, in which he showed heroic deeds. At the end of February 1804,[2] at the beginning of the First Serbian Uprising, 500 rebels commanded by Arsenije Loma i Petar Trešnjevčanin besieged Rudnik which was under control of Sali Aga supported by Ali Aga Džavić from Užice and Pljako from Karanovac (modern-day Kraljevo) and their 500 Janissary.[3] He gained the rank of buljubaša in Kačer. He was wounded several times, some of the wounds never healed. In 1811 he was appointed the voivode (top commander) of Kačer by Karađorđe.

The nephew of Aga Tokatlić murdered Loma in revenge.

Several streets are named after him in Serbia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ У Гојној Гори је река Ловница, која се раније звала Ломница, као и потес Лом, за који постоји претпоставка да је место где се налазила баштина Ломиних предака Кнежевића. За податак да је Арсеније Ломо/Лома рођен у Гојној Гори, а потом прешао у Драгољ вид. Водич кроз Таковски крај, Дечје новине, Горњи Милановац, 1975, стр. 34-36; Историја Титовог Ужица (до 1918), први том, Ужице 1989, стр. 336; М. Трнавац, Само су смрти истине: Петровско робље и друге жртве села Гојна Гора у рату 1941-1945, Чачак/Гојна Гора 2011, 16-17.
  2. ^ Đorđević, Miroslav (1967). Oslobodilački rat srpskih ustanika, 1804-1806. Vojnoizdavački zavod. p. 94. Карађорђе је са устаничком војском стигао под Рудник првих дана марта и опколио га 
  3. ^ Stevanović, Novica. "Dvostruka zamka i pokretna zaseda". Karađorđeva ratna lukavskva. Glas Javnosti. Retrieved December 16, 2012. Arsenije i Petar su, sa pet stotina vojnika, opkolili Rudnik sredinom februara 1804. godine. U međuvremenu, kao pojačanje Sali-agi, u Rudnik su stigli Ali-aga Džavić, iz Užica, i Pljako, iz Karanovca (sada Kraljevo), sa pet stotina janičara. 
  • Miodrag Jaćimović 1972, Arsenije Loma: Vojvda Kačerski i prvi vođa Drugog srpskog ustanka
  • The memoirs of Prota Matija Nenadović
  • The first Serbian uprising and the restoration of the Serbian state
  • Michael Boro Petrovich, A history of modern Serbia, 1804-1918: Volume 1; Volume 1, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976
  • Војислав Суботић, Memorijali oslobodilačkih ratova Srbije, Book 1, Volume 1, Vlada Republike Srbije, Ministarstvo rada, zapošljavanja i socijalne politike, 2006