Arsinoe (Greek: Ἀρσινόη) was an ancient city in southwestern Cyprus, lying between Old and New Paphos, with a harbour, temple, and sacred grove described by Strabo (p. 683). The city was founded by Ptolemy Philadelphus and named for Arsinoe II of Egypt, his wife and sister. The ancient name survives in the present Arschelia (D'Anville, Mém. de l'Acad. des Inscrip. vol. xxxii. pp. 537, 545, 551, 554; Engel, Kypros, vol. i. pp. 73, 97, 137; Marati, Viaggi vol. i. p. 200). Cyprus, from its subjection to the kings of the Lagid family, had more than one city of this name, which was common to several princesses of that house; see Arsinoe.