Art Howe (American football)
|Date of birth||March 3, 1890|
|Place of birth||South Orange, New Jersey|
|Date of death||March 28, 1955(aged 65)|
|Place of death||Plymouth, New Hampshire|
Arthur Howe (March 3, 1890 – March 28, 1955) was an American football player and coach, teacher, minister and university president. He played college football for Yale University from 1909 to 1911, was the quarterback of Yale's 1909 national championship team, and was a consensus first-team All-American in 1912. He was the head coach of the 1912 Yale football team. Howe was later ordained as a Presbyterian minister and taught at Eastern preparatory schools and at Dartmouth College. From 1930 to 1940, he was the president of Hampton University. He was posthumously inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1973.
Howe was born in South Orange, New Jersey, in 1890. His father, Solomon Howe (born April 1856), was a Massachusetts native and was a wholesaler dealer of dry goods. His mother, Mable Rose (Almy) Howe (born September 1863), was a New York native. Howe played high school football at Columbia High School in Maplewood, New Jersey and at The Hotchkiss School in Lakeville, Connecticut.
Howe enrolled at Yale University in 1908. He played for the Yale Bulldogs football team as a quarterback from 1909 to 1911. As a sophomore in 1909, Howe led the team to a perfect 10–0 record, as the Yale team outscored its opponents by a combined score of 209–0. At the end of the 1909 season, Howe was selected as a second-team All-American by Walter Camp. After another strong year in 1910, Howe was unanimously elected by his teammates as the captain of Yale's 1911 football team. As a senior, he set a collegiate record by returning 18 kicks in a November 1911 game against Princeton. After the 1911 season, Howe was selected as the first-team All-American quarterback by Collier's Weekly (as selected by Walter Camp), The New York Globe, W.S. Farnsworth, Dr. Henry L. Williams, and Charles Chadwick.
While attending Yale, Howe was, according to profile in the Boston Daily Globe, also a leader in religious life at the university, the strongest man in his class, an excellent scholar, and one of the best hockey players in college.
At the end of December 1911, Howe agreed to return in the fall of 1912 as the school's head football coach, after graduating with Yale's Class of 1912. In his one year as head coach, Howe led the 1912 Yale football team to a 7–1–1 record, with the only loss coming against that year's national championship team from Harvard.
During the period from 1899 to 1912, Yale had 14 different head football coaches in 14 years – despite compiling a combined record of 127–11–10 in those years. During that 14-year span, the Yale football team has also been recognized as the national championship team by one or more of the major national championship selectors on seven occasions – 1900 (Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis), 1901 (Parke Davis), 1902 (Parke Davis), 1905 (Parke Davis, Whitney), 1906 (Billingsley, Parke Davis, Whitney), 1907 (Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis, Whitney), and 1909 (Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis).
Seminary and teaching career
After leaving Yale, Howe enrolled at the Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York. He graduated from the seminary in 1916 and became a Presbyterian minister.
In June 1916, Howe was hired as a teacher and coach at the Loomis Institute (now known as The Loomis Chaffee School) in Windsor, Connecticut. In a draft registration card completed in June 1917, Howe indicated that he was living in Windsor, Connecticut, and was employed as the chaplain at the Loomis Institute.
In approximately 1920, Howe left the Loomis School and joined the faculty of the Taft School in Watertown, Connecticut. Howe was a teacher and the chaplain at the Taft School through most of the 1920s. At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Howe was living in Watertown with his wife Margaret and their two children. Howe's occupation at the time was listed as a professor at the Taft School.
After leaving the Taft School, Howe became a professor of citizenship at Dartmouth College. He remained at Dartmouth from approximately 1929 to 1930. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Howe was living in Hanover, New Hampshire, with his wife Margaret and their daughter and four sons. His occupation was listed as a minister and teacher at Dartmouth College.
In November 1930, Howe was selected as the president of Hampton Institute (now known as Hampton University), a historically black university in Hampton, Virginia. The university had been founded by Howe's father-in-law, Gen. Samuel Chapman Armstrong, in 1869. He served as the president at Hampton for nearly a decade. In the last couple years of his administration, Howe faced increasing agitation from students and alumni seeking reforms, including an increase in African-American faculty representation and equal pay for African-American faculty members. Howe resigned as Hampton's president effective June 1940. Howe's wife, Margaret Armstrong Howe, continued to serve as a trustee of Hampton until her death in 1971.
From 1940 to 1949, Howe was the managing director of the Welfare Federation of the Oranges and Maplewood in New Jersey. In a draft registration card completed in 1942, Howe indicated that he was living with his wife Margaret in East Orange, New Jersey, and that he was employed by the Welfare Federation. He also served as chairman of the Tilton, New Hampshire School for Wayward Boys.
Family, death and posthumous honors
In August 1916, Howe was married to Margaret Marshall Armstrong in a ceremony held at the Chocorua Chapel on Chocorua Island in Lake Asquam, near Chocorua, New Hampshire. They had a daughter (Alice) and four sons (Harold, Arthur, Jr., Richard and Sydney).
- Census entry for Solomon Howe and family. Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: South Orange, Essex, New Jersey; Roll: T623_969; Page: 25B; Enumeration District: 188.
- Census entry for Solomon Howe and family. Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: South Orange, Essex, New Jersey; Roll: T624_884; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 0220; Image: 748; FHL Number: 1374897.
- "Art Howe profile". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
- "Yale Yearly Results 1905–1909". College Football Data Warehouse.
- "HOWE LIKE WHIRLWIND: Quarterback Helps Yale To Victory Over Syracuse; ELI TRIES ALL SORTS OF PLAYS". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. October 3, 1909.
- "Six Yale Men On Camp's First Team". The New York Times. December 17, 1909.
- "HOWE, YALE'S NEW FOOTBALL CAPTAIN, IS LEADER IN RELIGIOUS LIFE AT UNIVERSITY, STRONGEST MAN IN HIS CLASS, EXCELLENT SCHOLAR AND ONE OF BEST HOCKEY PLAYERS IN COLLEGE WHICH IS SOME VERSATILITY FOR ONE MAN: TEAM A UNIT FOR HOWE; Yale Quarter back Elected Captain Of 1911 Eleven, as Expected". Boston Daily Globe. December 7, 1910.
- "YALE VARSITY NAMES ARTHUR HOWE LEADER OF 1911 FOOTBALL: Blue's Famous Quarter Who Will lead Eleven at New Haven in 1911". The Christian Science Monitor. December 7, 1910.
- "Walter Camp Picks All-American Team: Unquestioned Football Authority of Country Selects Best Men". The Lexington Herald. December 10, 1911.
- "Three Westernes on All-American Eleven". Sandusky Star Journal. December 2, 1911.
- "Latest Sporting News All-American Football Team Selected by W. S. Farnsworth". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. December 10, 1911.
- "Dr. Williams' Choice: Minnesota University Coach's Idea of All-American Football Team". The Montgomery Advertiser. December 4, 1911.
- "Chadwick's All-American Football Team Lined up for Action: Four Players Selected from Yale". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. December 11, 1911.
- "ARTHUR HOWE TO BE YALE'S HEAD COACH". The Hartford Courant. December 26, 1911.
- "YALE FOOTBALL COACHES.; Arthur Howe, Captain Last Season, to be Head of Staff". The New York Times. March 22, 1912.
- "1912 Yale Football". College Football Data Warehouse.
- "Yale Year-by-Year Results". College Football Data Warehouse.
- Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book (PDF). Indianapolis, IN: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2009. p. 78. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
- "Yale All-American Arthur Howe Dies". The Lewiston Daily Sun. March 29, 1955.
- "Rev. Arthur Howe, Educator, Coach". The New York Times. March 29, 1955.
- "FORMER YALE STAR ON LOOMIS FACULTY: Arthur Howe, Ex-Football Coach, to Teach in Windsor". The Hartford Courant. June 18, 1916.
- Draft registration card for Arthur Howe, born March 3, 1890. Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918 [database on-line]. Registration Location: Hartford County, Connecticut; Roll: 1561983; Draft Board: 3.
- "Taft School Expels Students for Drinking". Evening Tribune. December 1, 1927.
- Census entry for Arthur Howe. Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Watertown, Litchfield, Connecticut; Roll: T625_187; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 228; Image: 323.
- "NAME ARTHUR HOWE HAMPTON PRESIDENT: Dartmouth Professor Is Chosen by Institute Succeeds Late Dr George P. Phenix to Presidency". Daily Boston Globe. November 30, 1930.
- Census entry for Arthur Howe and family. Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Hanover, Grafton, New Hampshire; Roll: 1300; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 17; Image: 646.0.
- "Howe Elected President Of Hampton Institute". The Hartford Courant. November 30, 1930.
- "Mrs. Arthur Howe Dead: Hampton Institute Trustee". The New York Times. November 29, 1971.
- "Howe Quits At Hampton". The Afro American. March 2, 1940.
- "Howe to Leave Hampton". The New York Times. February 26, 1940.
- Draft registration card for Arthur Howe, born March 1890 in South Orange, New Jersey. Ancestry.com. U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 [database on-line]. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; State Headquarters: New Jersey.
- "A Woodland Wedding". The Southern Workman, vol. 45 (Hampton Institute Press). 1916. pp. 566–568.
- "Rev. Arthur Howe Succumbs At 65". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. March 29, 1955.