Artabanus III of Parthia

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Coin of Artabanus III, minted at Seleucia in 80/1.

For Parthian Kings and other people of this name, see Artabanus.

Artabanus III, incorrectly known in older scholarship as Artabanus IV,[1] (flourished 1st century) was a Parthian Prince of Iranian and possibly of Greek ancestry.

Surviving coins issued during his reign bear some resemblance to coins from the reign of Artabanus II. From this, Artabanus III can be seen as a possible son of Artabanus II.[2]

He was a rival for the crown of the Parthian Empire during the reign of Pacorus II of Parthia, against whom he revolted. His own reign as King extended from about 80 to 90. On coinage, he is known as Arsaces Artabanus. Artabanus III was strong enough at one point to support Terentius Maximus, a Roman pretender who rose in Anatolia claiming to be the deceased emperor Nero.[citation needed] However Artabanus III could not maintain himself against Pacorus II.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schippmann, K. (1986a). "Artabanus (Arsacid kings)". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 6. pp. 647–650.
  2. ^ Verstandig, History of the Parthian Empire (-250 – 227), p.293
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Artabanus s.v. Artabanus II. (sic)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 661.

Sources[edit]

  • Joannes Zonaras xi, 18
  • A. Verstandig, History of the Parthian Empire (-250 – 227), The Scream History Edition (Belgium), 2001
Preceded by
Pacorus II
King of Parthia
80-90
Succeeded by
Pacorus II