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Artaxerxes /ˌɑːrtəˈzɜːrksz/ may refer to:

The throne name of several Achaemenid rulers of the 1st Persian Empire:

  • Artaxerxes I of Persia (died 424 BC), Artaxerxes I Longimanus, r. 465–424 BC, son and successor of Xerxes I
  • Artaxerxes II of Persia (436 BC–358 BC), Artaxerxes II Memnon, r. 404–358 BC, son and successor of Darius II
  • Artaxerxes III of Persia (425 BC–338 BC), Artaxerxes III Ochus, r. 358–338 BC, son and successor of Artaxerxes II
  • Artaxerxes IV of Persia (died 336 BC), Artaxerxes IV Arses, r. 338–336 BC, son and successor of Artaxerxes III
  • Artaxerxes V of Persia (died 329 BC), Artaxerxes V Bessus, r. 330–329 BC, nobleman who seized the throne from Darius III

Artaxerxes may also refer to:

In fiction:

  • The wizard Artaxerxes, a character in J.R.R. Tolkien's novella "Roverandom"

See also[edit]