Artek (Russian Cyrillic: Арте́к) is an international children center (a former Young Pioneer camp) on the Black Sea in the town of Gurzuf located on the Crimean Peninsula, near Ayu-Dag. It was established on 16 June 1925.
The camp first hosted only 80 children but then grew rapidly. In 1969 it had an area of 3.2 km² (790 acres). The camp consisted of 150 buildings, including three medical facilities, a school, the film studio Artekfilm, three swimming pools, a stadium with a seating capacity of 7,000 and playgrounds for various other activities. Unlike most of the young pioneer camps, Artek was an all-year camp, due to the warm climate.
Artek was considered to be a privilege for Soviet children during its existence, as well as for children from other communist countries. During its heyday, 27,000 children a year vacationed at Artek. Between 1925 and 1969 the camp hosted 300,000 children including more than 13,000 children from 70 foreign countries. After the breaking up of the Young Pioneers in 1991 its prestige declined, though it remained a popular vacation destination.
Artek consisted of a total of ten smaller camps. Each of them had its own name: Morskoi, Lazurny, Kiparisny, etc. Four of these camps (Rechnoi, Ozyorny, Lesnoi and Polevoi) made up the notable Pribrezhny complex of Artek built between 1960 and 1964. The group of architects, led by Anatoly Polyansky, that designed Pribrezhny was awarded the USSR State Prize in architecture in 1967.
Similar distinguished pioneer camps were maintained by several Soviet republics, e.g., Orlyonok in Russian SFSR and Zubryonok on Byelorussian SSR. In East Germany the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation built a pioneer camp similar to Artek in 1952 at Werbellinsee north-east of Berlin.
The center was part of the Ukraine's State Management of Affairs. 60% of visitors arrive on a state subsidized or free basis. The beneficiaries are children from low income and large families, as well as orphans, handicapped and gifted children. In 2005 full prices were in the range of 3,000-5,000 UAH, depending on the season and location. 2007 prices were from US$770 to about $2000.
2005 was the year of Artek's 80th anniversary and the camp hosted about 13,000 children in educational camps under the supervision of about 2,000 of volunteer squad leaders managed by permanent pedagogical staff of over 200 under the command of general director Olga Guzar (Ольга Владимировна Гузар).
Traditionally Artek provided a base (known as a School of Pedagogues-Organizers) for hands-on training of students of pedagogical schools. This tradition has been continued today and the camp is known as the "Humanitarian Institute 'Artek'". In 2005 students from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Moldova and Kazakhstan were trained there.
As of late 2008 Artek was in financial trouble, which was solved when the Ukrainian Parliament passed laws early February 2009 writing off more than $2 million in debt (and more in unpaid taxes), barred privatization of the camp's land and obliged government agencies to pay the expenses of 15,000 children each year.
Artek since the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea
Early in 2014 season, following the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea, the staff of the camp officially moved from Crimea to Bukovel in the Carpathian Mountains. The new center there was named International Children Center "Artek-Carpathians" and consisted of three camps "Lake", "Forest" and "Mountain."
Meanwhile, the original site in Crimea remained open. In October 2014, the Russian government allocated 21 billion rubles (US$568 million) for reconstruction and development  On June 16, 2014, by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, the federal state budgetary educational institution "International Children's Center "Artek" was established. The functions of the founder were transferred to the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, and a draft program for the development of the center was prepared. During the open discussion of the draft Concept, 894 expert opinions were received. In accordance with the final document which was presented on October 8, 2014 in Moscow, in addition to recreation the innovative educational activities were identified as a priority area of the center's work. In the autumn of 2014, Artek started work on the improvement of the territory, reconstruction and major buildings repairs. About 5 billion rubles were allocated from the Russian budget for the reconstruction of Artek. In 2014-2015, a large-scale reconstruction of the camp was implemented. It is included completion of unfinished buildings, construction of new buildings and other infrastructure facilities. Inside the buildings service lines were changed, new furniture was delivered, the dining room was restored, and a sports ground was equipped with wide rage of sports equipment. The swimming pools were also renovated, and the camp was equipped with modern computers. On February 27, 2015, 4 buildings of the camp "Lazurny" were put into operation. There are three ways to get to Artek: for special achievements in science, culture, sports; winning a competition of a partner organization; or for an amount exceeding 80,000 rubles.
In 2014, Artek hosted 5854 children, in 2015 – 18858, in 2016-31200, in 2017 – 39000, in 2018 – 40000 children, in 2019 – 44025 children, in 2020-17287 children from different regions of the Russian Federation and abroad. This numbers include more than 6,300 children from 87 countries visited Artek from 2014 to 2020.
Among honorary guests of Artek were:
In 2009, a criminal case was opened after several children stated they were raped in the camp. Three deputies of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) and a priest are involved in this case according to BYuT Rada deputy Hryhoriy Omelchenko. On 21 May 2010, a Verkhovna Rada commission investigating these allegations was disbanded after it failed to find enough evidence to proceed. In 1952 Turkish poet Nâzım Hikmet visited the Cypress camp in Artek, where he was appalled to realize he stepped on a former gravestone with a verse of the Quaran facing up; years earlier, numerous Muslim cemeteries in Crimea were dismantled after the ethnic cleansing of Crimean Tatars from Crimea, with the gravestones and pieces of them used as bricks. Only until Hikmet complained was that particular gravestone brick facing up removed, but for many years it was not considered objectionable by the many Soviet visitors of the camp who saw nothing wrong with stepping on the tombstone or simply ignored it.
- Артек, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
- The International Children Center Artek Archived 7 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Ukrainian tours
- Information about Artek at the State Management of Affairs website Archived March 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Yuschenko expresses concern over situation with Artek children's center Archived March 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (January 28, 2009)
- Cabinet Of Ministers To Initiate Granting Of Special Status To Artek's Land, Ukrainian News Agency (January 30, 2009)
- Ukraine's government to provide funds for financing Artek on Saturday Archived March 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Interfax-Ukraine (January 30, 2009)
- Ukraine's pro-Western leaders fight over Soviet symbol, UNIAN (February 6, 2009)
- Rada Prohibits Alienation Of Land And Property Belonging To Artek And Moloda Hvardia, Ukrainian News Agency (February 3, 2009)
- "Artek" moved to the Carpathian Mountains and is ready to accept children May 18, 2014
- "Ukraine Says Russia 'Robbed' UNESCO-Affiliated Artek Children's Camp". The Moscow Times. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- "О создании федерального государственного бюджетного учреждения "Международный детский центр "Артек""".
- "Концепция развития Международного детского центра "Артек"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2016.
- "Концепция развития "Артека"". Archived from the original on 6 April 2016.
- В Крыму после грандиозной реконструкции открылся легендарный «Артек» // НТВ.Ru
- "Ольга Голодец ознакомилась с подготовкой "Артека" к сезону". Пресс-центр Артека. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- "Общая информация об Артеке".
- ··• МДЦ "Aртек" ·•· Хроника 60-х годов. •·· Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Borman, Frank; Serling, Robert J. (1988). Countdown – An Autobiography. New York: W. Morrow. p. 251. ISBN 0-688-07929-6.
- ··• МДЦ "Aртек" ·•· Хроника 70-х годов. •··
- ··• МДЦ "Aртек" ·•· Хроника 50-х годов. •··
- ··• МДЦ "Aртек" ·•· Хроника 80-х годов. •··
- ··• МДЦ "Aртек" ·•· Хроника 40-х годов. •··
- ··• МДЦ "Aртек" ·•· Хроника 30-х годов. •··
- "Новая газета - Novayagazeta.ru".
- Children are raped in Artek camp, claims Ukrainian parliamentarian, Kyiv Post (October 13, 2009)
- Sexual assault at famous Ukraine kid camp probed, Kyiv Post (October 13, 2009)
- There are three surnames of lawmakers in case on corruption of minors in Artek, UNIAN (October 14, 2009)
- Rada disbands commission investigating Artek child molestation case, Kyiv Post (May 21, 2010)
- "Находки Айше Юнус: Кощунство в "Артеке"". avdet.org (in Russian). 21 April 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Artek (camp).|
- The International Children Center Artek, official homepage.
- Four weeks in Artek
- Representative office of the International Children Center Artek in Kiev.