Artem R. Oganov

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Artem R. Oganov
Artem Oganov 2017b.jpg
Oganov in 2017
Born Artem R. Oganov
(1975-03-03) 3 March 1975 (age 43)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Alma mater Moscow State University (1997)
University College London
Known for crystal structure prediction
high-pressure chemistry
computational mineral physics
methods of computational materials discovery
Awards

Russian Highly Cited Researcher Award [1] ETH Latsis Prize,[2] European Mineralogical Union Research Excellence Medal [3]

Member of Academia Europaea [4]
Scientific career
Fields Crystallography
Physics
Chemistry
Materials Science
Institutions Stony Brook University
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology

Artem R. Oganov (born 3 March 1975) is a Russian theoretical crystallographer, mineralogist, chemist, physicist, and materials scientist.[5] He is known mostly for his works on computational materials discovery and crystal structure prediction. Oganov graduated from Moscow State University in 1997 with summa cum laude and diploma in Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry. In 2002 he obtained a PhD degree in Crystallography from University College London, and in 2007 got a Habilitation degree from ETH Zurich. In 2008–2017 he was a Professor at Stony Brook University. In 2013, having won a megagrant awarded by the Russian Government, Oganov opened a laboratory at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology,[6]. Since 2015 he is a Professor at Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology.

Oganov has published over 200 peer-reviewed articles (many in top journals, e.g. Nature, Science) and book chapters. He is an author of 5 patents. Total citations >14400, h-index 60 (Google scholar, as of July 2018).[7]

He is a laureate of several prestigious awards, including an ETH Latsis Prize,[8] Research Excellence Model of the European Mineralogical Union,[9] three most-cited paper awards from Elsevier. Since 2005 he held over 10 invited professorships (Universita degli Studi di Milano, Lille'Polytech, University of Paris, University of Poitiers, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, etc). In 2011 he founded the Commission on Crystallography of Materials at the International Union of Crystallography. In 2011, Forbes magazine listed Oganov among "50 Russians who conquered the world".[10] In 2012, highly acclaimed cinema director, Laureate of State Prize Vladimir Gerchikov made a film "The color of a crystal" about Oganov,[11] and in 2015 the celebrated TV journalist Leonid Parfenov made a film "Made by Russians" about him.[12] In 2013, magazines "Russian reporter" and "Expert" have listed Oganov among 100 most influential Russians today.[13] In 2012, Oganov won a "1000 talents professor" title in China and in the same year became a Professor Honoris Causa of Yanshan University (China), in 2013 elected Fellow of the Mineralogical Association of America,[14] in 2015 elected Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[15] In 2016 and 2017 he was named as one of the most cited Russian scientists in Chemistry [16] and Physics [17], respectively. In 2017 he became a member [4] of the Academy of Europe Academia Europaea, was awarded the Gamow prize [18] and Concord prize,[19] and became a member of the Presidential council for science and education.[20]

His most significant works are in fields of computational materials discovery, in particular the effects of pressure on chemical bonding, and state of matter at extreme conditions (e.g. inside the Earth and other planets). He has developed novel methods of crystal structure prediction [21] that became basis of the USPEX code,[22] used by mre than 4000 researchers worldwide. Among the highlights are the discovery of the structure of a superhard phase of boron, gamma-B,[23][24] transparent phase of sodium,[25] new carbon allotrope,[26] stability of MgSiO3 post-perovskite in the Earth's mantle,[27] prediction and synthesis of "forbidden" compounds (e.g., Na3Cl),[28][29] discovery of helium chemistry,[30] and creation of borophene - a 2D-monolayer of boron atoms, with great promises for future technologies.[31] Computational methods developed by Oganov open up the way to discovery of materials with desired properties.

Oganov speaks 5 languages (Russian, English, French, German, and Italian), is married, has four children and is a parishioner of St. Louis Catholic Church in Moscow.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Вручены награды самым цитируемым российским ученым. indicator.ru (8 December 2016)
  2. ^ "2014 Latsis Laureates" (PDF). ETH Zurich. 
  3. ^ "Medal for Research Excellence 2007". 
  4. ^ a b Oganov's page in Academia Europaea. Ae-info.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  5. ^ Oganov's laboratory site. Uspex-team.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Artem Oganov opens a laboratory of computer design of materials at MIPT". adapted from Moscow Region News. 5 June 2013. 
  7. ^ Google scholar citation. Scholar.google.com. Retrieved on 12 June 2018.
  8. ^ List of ETH Latsis Prize Laureates[dead link]
  9. ^ 2007 Research Excellence Medal. Eurominunion.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  10. ^ Forbes names 50 Russians who "conquered" the world. Themoscowtimes.com (25 October 2011). Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  11. ^ «The color of a crystal». YouTube.com (25 October 2015). Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  12. ^ Made by Russians. YouTube.com (14 September 2015). Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  13. ^ 100 people of modern Russia. Rusrep.ru. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  14. ^ List of MSA Fellows. Minsocam.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  15. ^ Elected Professors of RAS. Ras.ru (29 December 2015). Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  16. ^ 2016 Russian Highly Cited Researcher Award. Indicator.ru. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  17. ^ Clarivate Analytics awarded highly cited Russian researchers . Clarivate.com. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  18. ^ Kabanov and Oganov won the Gamow award. Indicator.ru. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  19. ^ Concord prize award. Sarinfo.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  20. ^ Presidential council for science and education. Kremlin.ru (1 January 1991). Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  21. ^ Oganov A.R., Glass C.W. (2006). "Crystal structure prediction using ab initio evolutionary techniques: principles and applications". Journal of Chemical Physics. 124 (24): 244704. arXiv:0911.3186Freely accessible. Bibcode:2006JChPh.124x4704O. doi:10.1063/1.2210932. PMID 16821993. 
  22. ^ USPEX code site. Uspex-team.org. Retrieved on 25 March 2018.
  23. ^ Oganov A.R., Chen J., Gatti C., Ma Y.-Z., Ma Y.-M., Glass C.W., Liu Z., Yu T., Kurakevych O.O., Solozhenko V.L. (2009). "Ionic high-pressure form of elemental boron". Nature. 457 (7231): 863–867. arXiv:0911.3192Freely accessible. Bibcode:2009Natur.457..863O. doi:10.1038/nature07736. PMID 19182772. 
  24. ^ Chang, Kenneth (2 February 2009). "Theory and Experiment Meet, and a New Form of Boron Is Found". New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  25. ^ Ma Y., Eremets M.I., Oganov A.R., Xie Y., Trojan I., Medvedev S., Lyakhov A.O., Valle M., Prakapenka V. (2009). "Transparent dense sodium". Nature. 458 (7235): 182–185. arXiv:0911.3190Freely accessible. Bibcode:2009Natur.458..182M. doi:10.1038/nature07786. 
  26. ^ Li Q., Ma Y., Oganov A.R., Wang H., Wang H., Xu Y., Cui T., Mao H.-K., Zou G. (2009). "Superhard monoclinic polymorph of carbon". Physical Review Letters. 102 (17): 175506. Bibcode:2009PhRvL.102q5506L. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.102.175506. PMID 19518796. 
  27. ^ Oganov A.R., Ono S. (2004). "Theoretical and experimental evidence for a post-perovskite phase of MgSiO3 in Earth's D" layer". Nature. 430 (6998): 445–448. arXiv:0911.3184Freely accessible. Bibcode:2004Natur.430..445O. doi:10.1038/nature02701. PMID 15269766. 
  28. ^ Zhang W.W., Oganov A.R., Goncharov A.F., Zhu Q., Boulfelfel S.E., Lyakhov A.O., Stavrou E., Somayazulu M., Prakapenka V.B., Konopkova Z. (2013). "Unexpected stoichiometries of stable sodium chlorides". Science. 342 (6165): 1502–1505. arXiv:1310.7674Freely accessible. Bibcode:2013Sci...342.1502Z. doi:10.1126/science.1244989. PMID 24357316. 
  29. ^ "Salty surprise: Ordinary table salt turns into 'forbidden' forms". Phys.org. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  30. ^ Dong X., Oganov A.R., Goncharov A.F., Stavrou E., Lobanov S., Saleh G., Qian G.R., Zhu Q., Gatti C., Deringer V.L., Dronskowski R., Zhou X.F., Prakapenka V.B., Konôpková Z., Popov I.A., Boldyrev A.I., Wang H.T. (2017). "A stable compound of helium and sodium at high pressure". Nature Chemistry. 9 (5): 440–445. arXiv:1309.3827Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017NatCh...9..440D. doi:10.1038/nchem.2716. PMID 28430195. 
  31. ^ Mannix A. J., Zhou X.-F., Kiraly B., Wood J. D., Alducin D., Myers B. D., Liu X., Fisher B. L., Santiago U., Guest J. R., Yacaman M. J., Ponce A., Oganov A. R., Hersam M. C., Guisinger N. P. (2015). "Synthesis of borophenes: Anisotropic, two-dimensional boron polymorphs". Science. 350 (6267): 1513–1516. Bibcode:2015Sci...350.1513M. doi:10.1126/science.aad1080. PMC 4922135Freely accessible. PMID 26680195. 
  32. ^ Артем Оганов: "Будущее есть только о тех, кто в него верит". http://рускатолик.рф (22 November 2013)

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