Artist's concept of the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway orbiting the Moon with the Orion spacecraft on the right.
|Mission type||Near-Rectilinear Halo Orbit (NRHO)|
|Mission duration||~30 days|
|Spacecraft type||Orion MPCV|
|Manufacturer||Lockheed Martin / Airbus|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||2024 (planned)|
|Rocket||SLS Block 1|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39B|
|End of mission|
|Landing site||Pacific Ocean|
Artemis 3 (previously the Exploration Mission-3, or EM-3), is a planned 2024 mission of NASA's Orion spacecraft to be launched on the Space Launch System. This will be the second crewed mission of the program and the first lunar landing of the Artemis program.
The original goal of the mission was to send four astronauts into a near-rectilinear halo orbit around the Moon. It was also to deliver the ESPRIT and U.S. Utilization modules to the proposed Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (LOP-G), but now those payloads will fly on Artemis 4 instead. Now the mission will rendezvous with a minimal Gateway made up of only the Power and Propulsion Element and a small habitat / docking node with an attached commercial lander.
|Mission Specialist 1||TBA|
|Mission Specialist 2||TBA|
The Artemis 3 mission plan is to send four astronauts in the second Orion capsule into a near-rectilinear halo orbit around the Moon for a maximum of 26 days. As of May 2019, Artemis 3 may become the first human landing on the Moon since Apollo 17, with the accelerated timeline proposed by the 2020 NASA budget. The mission will now be launched on an SLS Block 1 rather than the intended 1B, with its first launch being pushed back to Artemis 4. The U.S Utilization module will now be launched on that mission too.
- Davis, Jason (6 September 2018). "Orion's third flight will haul two pieces of a space station to lunar orbit". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- Sloss, Philip. "NASA evaluates EM-2 launch options for Deep Space Gateway PPE". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- NASA administrator on new Moon plan: 'We're doing this in a way that's never been done before'. Loren Grush, The Verge. 17 May 2019.