Artemisia is an opera ("dramma per musica") in three acts and a prologue by the Italian composer Francesco Cavalli from a libretto written by Nicolò Minato. It was first performed at the Teatro San Giovanni e San Paolo, Venice on 10 January 1657 and revived in Naples in 1658, Palermo in 1659, Milan in 1663 and Genoa in 1665.
The performances included a number of substitition arias, and in the 1656 libretto, next to Erillo's aria "Chiedete e sperate", was noted the instruction "a different aria to be sung every night".
The story is based on the convention which Cavalli had established in several of his 10 earlier operas with the librettist Faustini. It features two pairs of crossed lovers reunited by a benign monarch, and is a story of love, betrayal, virtue and honour set in the Venetian Republic. It touches on politics, social issues and the moral values of three couples.
- Artemisia: Francesa Lombardi Mazzulli, Roberta Mameli, Marina Bartoli, La Venexiana, Claudio Cavina, Glossa 2011
- Fabris, p. ?: "We have not only copies of the libretto (Venice, 1656), Sartori 3126, but also Cavalli's score (I-Vnm), which has been recently studied by Hendrik Schulze, referring to the 1657 Production of Francesco Cavalli's Artemisia.
- Glover, p. ??
- Ellen Rosand Opera in Seventeenth-Century Venice: The Creation of a Genre p237 n53
- Helios Early Opera website Retrieved 26 November 2012
- Hendrik Schulze's essay to accompany the libretto in the Glossa recording.
- Brenac, Jean-Claude, Le magazine de l'opéra baroque on perso.orange.fr Retrieved 9 September 2011
- Fabris, Dinko, Music in Seventeenth-Century Naples: Francesco Provenzale (1624-1704) Ashgate Publishing, 2007 ISBN 0754637212 ISBN 9780754637219
- Glover, Jane, Cavalli: A Biography, HarperCollins Distribution Services, 1978 ISBN 9780713410075 ISBN 0713410078