Artemisia carruthii

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Artemisia carruthii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia
Species: A. carruthii
Binomial name
Artemisia carruthii
Wood ex Carruth.
Synonyms[1]
  • Artemisia bakeri Greene
  • Artemisia coloradensis Osterh.
  • Artemisia kansana Britton ex Britton
  • Artemisia wrightii A.Gray

Artemisia carruthii, common name Carruth's sagewort or Carruth wormwood, is a North American species of shrubs in the daisy family native to much of south-central and southwestern United States (Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, northern + western Texas). There are reports of a few naturalized populations in Missouri, the Great Lakes Region, and Rhode Island.[2][3][4] It is also native to the States of Chihuahua and Sonora in northern Mexico.[5]

Artemisia carruthii is an erect perennial herb up to 70 cm (28 inches) tall. It is faintly aromatic and covered with hairs. Flowers and yellow and nodding (hanging).[5][6]

Uses[edit]

The Zuni people put the seeds on coals and use then as a sweat bath for body pains from a severe cold.[7] The ground seeds are also mixed with water, made into balls, steamed and used for food.[8] These seeds are considered by the Zuni to be one of the most important food plants.[9]

The species is named for American botanist James Harrison Carruth, 1807-1896.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List Artemisia carruthii Alph.Wood ex Carruth.
  2. ^ USDA
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ Go Botany, New England Wildflower Society, Artemisia carruthii Wood ex Carruth Carruth's wormwood description and photos plus New England distribution map
  5. ^ a b Flora of North America Vol. 19, 20 and 21 Page 524 Carruth wormwood Artemisia carruthii Alph. Wood ex Carruth, Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 5: 51. 1877.
  6. ^ Carruth James Harrison. 1877. Centennial Catalogue of the Plants of Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 5: 51
  7. ^ Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians. SI-BAE Annual Report #30 42-43
  8. ^ Stevenson p.65
  9. ^ Castetter, Edward F. 1935 Ethnobiological Studies in the American Southwest I. Uncultivated Native Plants Used as Sources of Food. University of New Mexico Bulletin 4(1):1-44 (p. 21)

External links[edit]