Artery of the pterygoid canal

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Artery of the pterygoid canal
Gray511.png
Plan of branches of the maxillary artery
(artery of the pterygoid canal visible at upper right)
Details
Source Maxillary artery
Identifiers
Latin arteria canalis pterygoidei
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_61/12153633
TA A12.2.05.082
FMA 85528
Anatomical terminology

The artery of the pterygoid canal (Vidian artery) is an artery in the pterygoid canal, in the head.

It usually arises from the external carotid artery,[1] but can arise from either the internal or external carotid artery or serve as an anastomosis between the two.[2]

The eponym, Vidian artery, is derived from the Italian surgeon and anatomist Vidus Vidius.[3]

From external carotid artery[edit]

In this case; the artery passes backward along the pterygoid canal with the corresponding nerve. It is distributed to the upper part of the pharynx and to the auditory tube, sending into the tympanic cavity a small branch which anastomoses with the other tympanic arteries.

It can end in the oropharynx.[4]

From Internal carotid artery[edit]

In this case; the artery passes backward along the pterygoid canal with the corresponding nerve[clarification needed]. It The artery is a small, inconstant branch which passes into the pterygoid canal and anastomoses with a pterygopalatine branch of the maxillary artery.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ "Medscape". Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  2. ^ "NMC : Vol. 45 (2005) , No. 9 470-471". Retrieved 2008-03-13. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Tubbs RS, Salter EG (2006). "Vidius Vidius (Guido Guidi): 1509-1569". Neurosurgery. 59 (1): 201–3; discussion 201–3. doi:10.1227/01.NEU.0000219238.52858.47. PMID 16823317. 
  4. ^ "vidian artery". Archived from the original on 2009-05-30. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 

External links[edit]