|Canton||Ouzom, Gave et Rives du Neez|
|Intercommunality||CC Pays Nay|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Jean-Jacques Laffitte|
|7.32 km2 (2.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||70/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||329–494 m (1,079–1,621 ft) |
(avg. 568 m or 1,864 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arthéziens or Arthéziennes
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Notable people linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Arthez-d'Asson is in the Ouzom Valley some 30 km south by south-east of Pau and 35 km east by south-east of Oloron-Sainte-Marie. The commune is almost entirely surrounded by the commune of Asson. Access to the commune is by road D126 which comes from Asson in the north passing through the commune and the village, continuing south up the Valley to Ferrières. The commune is almost entirely farmland although with patches of forest particularly along the river.
The Ouzom River flows through the length of the commune from south to north gathering some tributaries on the right bank, such as the Cau du Hau, the Cau du Gat, the Arriou Sec, and the Cau de la Heche, and continuing north to join the Gave de Pau near Coarraze.The Ruisseau de Thouet forms the north-western border of the commune as it flows north-east to join the Ouzom.
- Les Aoules
- Arrascles dessus
- La Cantine
- Pé de la Coumette
- Clot du Hour
- Le Pont du Moulin
- La Pine
- Cot de Tisnès
The commune name in béarnais is Artés d'Asson. Michel Grosclaude indicated that the name Arthez possibly came from the mediterranean radical arte ("green oak" then "undergrowth"), with the collective basque suffix -etz. He proposed it in the sense of "Vegetation of the undergrowth".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Assonium||1100||Raymond||Titles of Mifaget|
|Villa quœe vocatur Asso||12th century||Raymond||Lescar|
|Assun||13th century||Raymond||Fors de Béarn|
|La vegarie d'Asson||1450||Raymond||Cour Majour|
|Saint Paul d'Asson||1750||Cassini|
|Le Bourdalat||Le Bourdalat||1863||Raymond||Hamlet|
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Saint-Pé: Cartulary of the Abbey of Saint-Pé
- Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar
- Fors de Béarn
- Cour Majour: Regulations of the Cour Majour
List of Successive Mayors
|1802||Charles d'Angosse||Chamberlain of the Emperor|
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Pays de Nay;
- the AEP association of Pays de Nay-Ouest;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the construction of the CES of Nay;
In 2010 the commune had 501 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The béarnais singing group from Arthez-d'Asson Los de l'Ouzom was created during the 1980s.
- There was a railway line in the commune transporting minerals from the Baburet Iron Mine.
- The old Asson Ironworks was built around 1680.
The Church of Saint-Paul (1906) is registered as a historical monument.
Arthez-d'Asson has a primary school.
- Jean-Paul d'Angosse, born in 1732 at Lembeye and died in 1798 at Arthez-d'Asson, was a military man, owner of an ironworks, French politician;
- Armand d'Angosse, born in 1776 at Arthez-d'Asson and died in 1852 at Corbère-Abères, owner of an ironworks, French politician;
- Charles d'Angosse, born in 1774 at Arthez-d'Asson and died in 1835 at Paris, owner of an ironworks, administrator and French politician.
- Jean Espagnolle, born in 1828 at Ferrières and died in 1918 at Arthez-d'Asson, was a churchman, preacher, and an honorary canon;
- Henri Bremond, born in 1865 at Aix-en-Provence and died in 1933 at Arthez-d'Asson, was a churchman, historian, and French literary critic, member of the Académie française.
- The Asson Ironworks on the Industrial Heritage of the Ouzom Valley website (in French)
- Arthez-d'Asson on Lion1906
- Arthez-d'Asson on Google Maps
- Arthez-d'Asson on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- St Paul d'Asson on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Arthez-d'Asson on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Arthez-d'Asson
- Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn (in French)
- Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Cour Majour of Béarn, register manuscripts from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000598 Church of Saint Paul (in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arthez-d'Asson.|