Arthur (1981 film)

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Arthur
ArthurDVD.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Steve Gordon
Produced by Robert Greenhut
Written by Steve Gordon
Starring Dudley Moore
Liza Minnelli
John Gielgud
Music by Burt Bacharach
Cinematography Fred Schuler
Edited by Susan E. Morse
Production
company
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date
  • July 17, 1981 (1981-07-17)
Running time
97 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $7 million
Box office $95,461,682[1]

Arthur is a 1981 American comedy film written and directed by Steve Gordon. The film stars Dudley Moore as the eponymous Arthur Bach, a drunken New York City millionaire who is on the brink of an arranged marriage to a wealthy heiress, but ends up falling for a common working-class girl from Queens. It was the first and only film directed by Gordon, who died in 1982 of a heart attack at age 44.

Arthur earned over $95 million domestically, making it the fourth-highest-grossing film of 1981.[2] Its title song, "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)", won the Academy Award for Best Original Song. Co-written by Christopher Cross, Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager and Peter Allen, it was performed by Christopher Cross. Sir John Gielgud also won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor. The film was nominated for two other Academy Awards.

Plot[edit]

Arthur Bach is a spoiled alcoholic from New York City, who likes to be driven in his chauffeured Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith limousine through Central Park. Arthur is heir to a portion of his family's vast fortune, which he is told will be his, only if he marries the upper class Susan Johnson, the daughter of a business acquaintance of his father. He does not love Susan, but his family feels that she will make him finally grow up. During a shopping trip in Manhattan, accompanied by his valet Hobson, Arthur witnesses a young woman, Linda Morolla, shoplifting a necktie. He intercedes with the store security guard on her behalf, and later asks her for a date. Despite his attraction to her, Arthur remains pressured by his family to marry Susan.

While visiting his grandmother Martha, Arthur shares his feelings for Linda, but is warned again that he will be disowned if he does not marry Susan. Hobson, who has been more like a father to him than Arthur's real father, realizes that Arthur is beginning to grow up, and secretly encourages Linda to attend Arthur's engagement party. Hobson confides in Linda that he senses Arthur loves her. Linda crashes the party, held at the estate of Arthur's father, and she and Arthur eventually spend time alone together, which is tracked by both families. Hobson is later hospitalized, and Arthur rushes to his side, vowing to care for the person who has long cared for him. After several weeks, Hobson dies, and then Arthur, who has been sober the entire time, goes on a drinking binge. On his wedding day, he visits the diner where Linda works and proposes to her. At the church, he jilts Susan, resulting in her abusive father, Burt Johnson, attempting to stab Arthur with a cheese knife, though he is prevented by Martha.

A wounded and groggy Arthur announces in the church that there will be no wedding then passes out soon after. Later, Linda attends to his wounds, and they discuss living a life of poverty. A horrified Martha tells Arthur that he can have his fortune, because no Bach has ever been working class. Arthur declines, but at the very last minute, he talks privately to Martha. When he returns to Linda's side, he tells her that he declined again – Martha's dinner invitation, he means – but he did accept $750 million. Arthur's pleased chauffeur Bitterman drives the couple through Central Park.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Gordon originally wrote the titular character with an American actor in mind to portray. Prior to the casting of Moore, Al Pacino, Jack Nicholson, Richard Dreyfuss and James Caan were all considered for the role. In addition, Alec Guinness and David Niven were considered for the role of Hobson.[3][4] According to Splitsider, John Belushi was also considered for Arthur.[5] Initially Gordon wanted Moore to perform the role with an American accent, but this proved contentious as Moore had trouble performing with one and eventually convinced Gordon to let him use his natural English accent.[6] Debra Winger reportedly turned down the role of Linda.[7]

Although the project was initially in the works at Paramount, they eventually dropped the project with Orion Pictures taking over.[6] Promoting the film proved to be a challenge, reportedly six ad campaigns were discarded before a final one was decided upon.[6]

Soundtrack[edit]

Pop singer Christopher Cross was initially asked to score the film, but writer/director Steven Gordon did not feel comfortable with his lack of experience in composing for film and the job was given to Burt Bacharach.[8] Cross was asked to compose a song for the film which he did, "Arthur's Theme", which he wrote with Bacharach along with Carole Bayer Sager and Peter Allen.[8]

Reception[edit]

The film received critical acclaim upon its release and is considered by many as one of the best films of 1981. It currently holds an 88% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes.[9][10][11][12]

Related films[edit]

Sequel[edit]

Arthur was followed by a sequel in 1988, Arthur 2: On the Rocks. Lead players Dudley Moore, Liza Minnelli, and John Gielgud, reprised their roles, as well as many supporting players such as Geraldine Fitzgerald, Barney Martin, and Ted Ross.[13]

Remake[edit]

It was first reported in 2008 that Arthur was to be remade by Warner Bros., with British actor/comedian Russell Brand in the lead role.[14] Brand confirmed this during his March 10, 2009 appearance on The Howard Stern Show. The remake was a critical and financial failure.[15]

Foreign versions[edit]

This film had three Indian remakes. One was the 1984 Bollywood Hindi language film Sharaabi starring Amitabh Bachchan in the lead role, the second was the 1985 Kannada language film Nee Thanda Kanike, and the third was another 2004 Bollywood Hindi Tumsa Nahin Dekha.[citation needed]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Academy Awards[edit]

Wins
Nominations

Golden Globe[edit]

Wins
Nominations

Honors[edit]

The film is #10 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies," and #53 on the American Film Institute's 100 Years... 100 Laughs.

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

Hobson: "I'll alert the media." – Nominated [19]

In popular culture[edit]

In the video game You Don't Know Jack for PlayStation, there is a question in the category "Four-Letter Word For What You Don't Know" reading the following

One of the incorrect answers was "Bach, Champagne Courier".[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arthur, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ "1981 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Lenburg, Jeff (2001). Dudley Moore: An Informal Biography. iUniverse. ISBN 9780595182688. 
  4. ^ Pollack, Dale (November 27, 1981). "'Arthur' success even surprised Joffe". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  5. ^ Evans, Bradford (March 3, 2011). "The Lost Roles of John Belushi". Splitsider. Retrieved September 26, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Cormier, Roger. "10 Rich Facts About Arthur". Mental Floss. Retrieved March 12, 2017. 
  7. ^ Thomson, David (27 February 1994). "FILM / Up where she belongs: A decade ago Debra Winger had the film world at her feet. A year ago her career seemed to be on its last legs. Now she is back, with an Oscar nomination. David Thomson is a fan". The Independent. Retrieved 18 August 2018. She turned down the soft female leads in hits such as Raiders of the Lost Ark and Arthur. 
  8. ^ a b Prato, Greg. "CHRISTOPHER CROSS". Songfacts. Retrieved January 5, 2016. 
  9. ^ Canby, Vincent (July 17, 1981). "ARTHUR – Review – NYTimes.com –". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ "ARTHUR". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Cinema: Hobson's Choice". Time. August 3, 1981. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Arthur". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Arthur 2: On the Rocks (1988)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 8, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Russell Brand as Arthur?". Totalfilm.com. December 4, 2008. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Arthur (2011)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 8, 2016. 
  16. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved August 6, 2016. 
  17. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 6, 2016. 
  18. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved August 6, 2016. 
  19. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  20. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIEAlnooueA?t=18m53s

External links[edit]