Arthur Collins (singer)
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|Born||Arthur Francis Collins
February 7, 1864
|Died||August 3, 1933
|Spouse(s)||Anna Leah Connelly|
Arthur Francis Collins (February 7, 1864 – August 3, 1933) was an American baritone who was one of the most prolific and beloved of pioneer recording artists, regarded in his day as "King of the Ragtime Singers".
Born in Philadelphia, Collins moved with his family to Barnegat, New Jersey around 1879 and as a teenager worked as a volunteer lifesaver on the Jersey shore, beginning an enthusiasm for sailing that became a lifelong pursuit. However, his fine baritone voice – heard in church and in local concert appearances – convinced Collins' family to send him back to Philadelphia for formal training. After concluding his studies, Collins spent some 15 years touring with various stock companies and appearing in summer opera in St. Louis. None of these ventures turned out any long term prospects for Collins, and when he married actress and singer Anna Leah Connelly in 1895 Collins swore off show business and decided to study for a career in bookkeeping. Taking occasional roles for extra money, Collins appeared in a production given by the DeWolf Hopper Opera Company in 1898, and talent scouts for Edison Records requested Collins audition which, according to his wife, took place May 16, 1898.
Within a few years, Collins proved one of the most productive and successful singers in the record business, and in his long career between 1898 and 1925 he worked for every record company active in the United States. He specialized in what were then called coon songs, popular African-American dialect numbers associated with vaudeville and minstrel shows. Collins also utilized an array of vocal effects and caricature voices which gave the impression that there were multiple persons at the horn on his recordings, though it was just Collins. Towards making that end of it more effective, Collins began to work in a duo format with tenor Joe Natus in 1901 and both sang in an Edison group called the Big Four Quartet. It is assumed that Collins first came into contact with tenor Byron G. Harlan within the context of the Big Four Quartet, and from then until the end of Collins' career in the early 1920s, Harlan was Collins’ duet partner. Collins and Harlan were probably the most famous and popular male duo on early records.
In 1909, Collins joined John H. Meyer, Henry Burr and Albert Campbell in the Peerless Quartet, an enormously successful barbershop harmony type group which toured as The Record Makers, and later as the Eight Popular Victor Artists. However, by 1917 bass Frank Croxton began to replace Collins on some records, a situation that became permanent by mid-1919 as Collins did not get along with Burr, who also served as the group’s manager. During a personal appearance at the Princess Theater in Medina, Ohio on October 20, 1921, Collins was badly injured when he fell through an open trap door. While he recovered well enough to resume his singing and recording career, his health began to decline afterward and in 1926, Collins retired, relocating to Florida with his wife. He died at the age of 69 in Tice, Florida on August 3, 1933.
Recordings and legacy
Arthur Collins recorded hundreds of songs, and in many cases he recorded the same song multiple times for various recording outfits. His signature song, though, was "The Preacher and the Bear", which he first recorded in 1905; his rendition, widely dispersed among a variety of releases, constitutes the most popular non-operatic record made during the first decade of the twentieth century. Collins was still recording the number in 1922, and a 1908 remake of the piece for Victor remained in their catalog until 1941; at his personal appearances "The Preacher and the Bear" was invariably requested. His recording sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc, only the second one ever presented. Collins lived up to his reputation as "The King of Ragtime Singers" and recorded more ragtime songs than any other singer during the era when ragtime was at its peak of popularity; Collins recorded some of Bert Williams' songs before Williams did, and even recorded some numbers associated with Williams that the latter never waxed. Collins and Harlan also made best-selling records of tunes old and new that remain well cherished and iconic even in the twenty-first century, such as "Waiting for the Robert E. Lee", "Alexander's Ragtime Band", "Lily of the Valley", and "The Old Grey Mare". Collins survived into the early years of the Jazz Age, and he and Harlan recorded the earliest record known to mention jazz, "That Funny Jas Band from Dixieland" (Victor 18235, recorded January 12, 1917).
Collins' solo recordings as well as Collins and Harlan recordings are viewed as desirable by collectors, particularly the very early ones, and such enthusiasm about their output dates back to at least the 1940s. Given the age of these recordings and their highly specialized frame of interest, few of them were reissued in the LP era; Collins has fared better in the digital age, but still lacks a single disc anthology of his characteristic recorded work.
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- "Happy Days in Dixie"
- "Zizzy ze zum zum"
- "All Coons Look Alike To Me" (Edison 7317)
- "Hello! Ma Baby"
- "I'd Leave Ma Happy Home For You"†
- "I Guess I'll Have To Telegraph My Baby"
- "Kiss Me, Honey Do"
- "Mandy Lee"† – #5 song of 1900
- "My Josephine"
- "Ma Tiger Lily"† – #3 song of 1900
- "My Sunflower Sue" with The Metropolitan Orchestra, Victor's house orchestra
- "You're Talking Rag Time"
- "I Ain't Seen No Messenger Boy"
- "Ain't Dat a Shame"
- "Coon, Coon, Coon"
- "Every Darky Had A Raglan On"
- "I Dreams About You"
- "Any Old Place I Can Hang My Hat Is Home Sweet Home To Me"
- "Bill Bailey, Won't You Please Come Home"† – #2 song of 1902
- "Down Where the Wurzburger Flows"
- "Helen Gonne"
- "Just Kiss Yourself Goodbye"
- "Under the Bamboo Tree"†
- "Any Rags?"† – #4 song of 1903
- "Good-bye, Eliza Jane"†
- "I'm A Jonah Man"
- "I Wonder Why Bill Bailey Don't Come Home"
- "The Preacher And The Bear"† – #1 song of 1905 and Collins' best-selling song
- "Hannah, Won't You Open That Door"
- "Scissors to Grind"
- "Have You Seen My Henry Brown?"
- "My Irish Molly O"
- "What You Goin' to Do When De Rent Comes 'Round?"
- "Who's There"
- "Abraham Jefferson Washington Lee"
- "Bill Simmons"
- "The Ghost of a Banjo Coon"
- "Pretty Desdamone"
- "What's the Use of Knocking When a Man is Down?"
- "When A Poor Relation Comes to Town"
- "Dixie Dan"
- "If I'm Going to Die, I'm Going to Have Some Fun"
- "The Old-time Rag"
- "I Think I See My Brother Coming Home"
- "Rag Babe"
- "Abraham Lincoln Jones, or, The Christening"
- "Everybody's Pickin' on Me"
- "I Love, Love, Love My Wife, but Oh You Kid!"
- "That's A Plenty"
- "If He Comes In, I'm Goin' Out"
- "No One Loves A Fat Man"
- "Temptation Rag"
- "The Ragtime Goblin Man"
- "Row! Row! Row!"
- "Rum Tum Tiddle"
- "Somebody Else Is Getting It"
- "If You've Got a Little Bit"
- "When Tony Goes Over The Top"
- "Climbing Up the Golden Stairs"
- "Suicide Blues"
- "Old Man Jazz"
- "The Argentines, the Portuguese and the Greeks"
† Indicates a recording that reached number one on sales charts.
- Hoffmann, Frank; Cooper, B Lee; Gracyk, Tim (2012). Popular American Recording Pioneers: 1895–1925. Routledge. pp. 66–73. ISBN 978-1-136-59229-4.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 9. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Gracyk, Tim. "'Jass' in 1916–1917 and Tin Pan Alley". Tim's Phonographs and Old Records. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
- Tyler, Don (2007). Hit Songs, 1900–1955: American Popular Music of the Pre-Rock Era. McFarland. pp. 10; 50. ISBN 978-0-7864-2946-2.
- Ruhlmann, William (2004). Breaking Records: 100 Years of Hits. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-135-94719-4.
- Drake, Howard (ed.). "Top Songs of 1900". Music VF. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Drake, Howard (ed.). "Top Songs of 1902". Music VF. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Drake, Howard (ed.). "Top Songs of 1903". Music VF. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Drake, Howard (ed.). "Top Songs of 1905". Music VF. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Drake, Howard (ed.). "Arthur Collins Top Songs". Music VF. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "Comments on Edison Gold Moulded Records for August 1905". Edison Phonograph Monthly III (5): 8. July 1905. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "Advance List, New Edison Records for October 1908". Edison Phonograph Monthly VI (8): 15. August 1908. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Discography sources
- "Arthur Collins cylinder recordings". Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project. University of California, Santa Barbara Library. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- "Arthur Collins". Discography of American Historical Recordings. University of California, Santa Barbara Library. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- Arthur Collins at Find a Grave
- Arthur Collins at the Songwriters Hall of Fame Virtual Museum
- Rare Arthur Collins Recordings, from the Archive.org