Arthur D. Little

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Arthur D. Little
TypeIncorporated partnership
IndustryManagement consulting
Founded1886; 136 years ago (1886)
FounderArthur Dehon Little
HeadquartersBrussels, Belgium [1]
Number of locations
40 offices[2]
Key people
Ignacio Garcia Alves, Global CEO
ProductsManagement consulting services
Number of employees

Arthur D. Little is an international management consulting firm originally headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, and formally incorporated by that name in 1909[3] by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist who had discovered acetate. Arthur D. Little pioneered the concept of contracted professional services. The company played key roles in the development of business strategy, operations research, the word processor, the first synthetic penicillin, LexisNexis, SABRE and NASDAQ. Today the company is a multi-national management consulting firm operating as a partnership.

Early history[edit]

Arthur D. Little's eponymous founder
The Arthur D. Little Inc. building at 30 Memorial Drive in Cambridge, Massachusetts, near MIT, which opened in 1917.
Entrance to 30 Memorial Drive ADL building

The roots of the company were started in 1886 by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist, and co-worker Roger B. Griffin (Russell B. Griffin), another chemist and a graduate of the University of Vermont who had met when they both worked for Richmond Paper Company. Their new company, Little & Griffin, was located in Boston where MIT was then located. Griffin and Little prepared a manuscript for The Chemistry of Paper-making[4] which was for many years an authoritative text in the area. The book had not been entirely finished when Griffin was killed in a laboratory accident in 1893.[3]

Little, who had studied Chemistry at MIT, collaborated with MIT and William Hultz Walker of the MIT Chemistry department, forming a partnership, Little & Walker, which lasted from 1900 to 1905, while both MIT and Little's company were still located in Boston.[3] The partnership dissolved in 1905 when Walker dedicated all of his time to being in charge of the new Research Laboratory of Applied Chemistry at MIT.[3]

Little continued on his own and incorporated the company, Arthur D. Little (ADL), in 1909.[3] He conducted analytical studies, the precursor of the consulting studies for which the firm would later become famous. He also taught papermaking at MIT from 1893 to 1916.[5]

In 1917, the company, originally based at 103 Milk Street in Boston, moved to its own building, the Arthur D. Little Inc., Building, at 30 Memorial Drive on the Charles River next to the new campus of MIT, which had also relocated from Boston to Cambridge.[3][6] The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. In November 1953, ADL opened a 40-acre site for its Acorn Park labs in west Cambridge, Massachusetts, about 6 miles (10 km) from MIT.[6] The new site took its name from the company motto - "Glandes Sparge Ut Quercus Crescant," translated as "Scatter Acorns That Oaks May Grow." [7] The Memorial Drive Trust, a tax-exempt retirement trust for the benefit of its employees, was set up.[8] From 1972 to 2001 ADL owned Cambridge Consultants Ltd in Cambridge UK and both companies forged close links.

Seminal projects[edit]

As the pioneer firm in professional services, Arthur D. Little played a key role in numerous 20th-century business initiatives:

In 1911 ADL organized General Motors' first R&D lab,[9] leading to the formation of the firm's dedicated management consulting division, and the birth of the management consulting industry.[10]

In 1916 ADL was commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway to do a survey of Canada's natural resources.[9]

In 1921 the firm succeeded in using a bucket of sows' ears to make a silk purse.[9] This revolutionary achievement later became part of the Smithsonian Institute's collection.[11]

In 1968 ADL designed the NASDAQ stock exchange systems for London and Tokyo.[9]

In 1969 ADL developed the Apollo 11 Laser Ranging Retro-Reflector experiment which were installed on the Moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission and which remains active and functioning to this day.[12]

In 1980, ADL produced the European Commission's first white paper on telecommunications deregulation, having completed the first worldwide telecommunications database on phones installed, markets, technical trends, services and regulatory information.[9] It also helped privatize British Rail, generally regarded as one of the most complex privatization exercises in the world.

The Altran era[edit]

By 2001, Arthur D. Little reached its peak as a global consulting firm with very significant growth in the technology sector. However, a new management team mismanaged the company's core business and engaged in manipulation of the Memorial Drive Trust. The ADL Board of Trustees replaced this management team. But the damage had been done, and combined with the impact of the bubble on technology sector activity this led Arthur D. Little to file Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2002.[13] At an auction in 2002, TIAX LLC, formed by Kenan Sahin, acquired the assets, contracts, and staff of Arthur D. Little's U.S. Technology & Innovation business.[14] Paris-based Altran Technologies bought the non-U.S. assets and brand name of Arthur D. Little.

Under Altran's ownership, Arthur D. Little operated primarily as a European-centric company initially, rebuilding and strengthening its core practices in oil and gas, telecommunications, automotive, manufacturing, and chemicals. It did however maintain offices in Boston and Houston in the USA. Later ADL grew and expanded throughout Europe, the Middle East, and Asia and continued to be recognized for its expertise in areas combining aspects of technology, innovation, and strategy.

Refounding - current partnership organization[edit]

A group of partners led a management buyout from the Altran group in 2011.[15] The MBO was completed on 30 December 2011 with the vast majority of ADL directors becoming partners and shareholders. A small number of senior principals, as well as the CFO and COO, also became also shareholders. The firm is led by the elected Global CEO, Ignacio Garcia-Alves, who was also the leader of the MBO team.[16] Currently the firm operates with an elected board of directors and several elected committees - Compensation Committee, Partnership Committee, and an Audit Committee. Since the MBO, ADL opened new offices in Turkey, Oslo, Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Singapore, Hong Kong, Beirut, Riyadh, Moscow, Prague. In addition, ADL recently re-established itself in the US market and has opened offices in New York, and San Francisco.[17] In March 2021 Arthur D. Little announced it had reached a milestone of over 100 partners.[18]

Practice areas[edit]

Arthur D. Little is organized across a number of industry specialty groups including Automotive, Energy / Utilities / Chemicals, Telecommunication / Information / Media / Electronics (TIME), Consumer Goods & Retail, Healthcare & Life Sciences, Engineering / Manufacturing, Public Services, and Travel & Transportation.[19] Major service lines are in Strategy & Organization, Technology Innovation Management, Operations Management, and Risk/Safety.[20]

Rankings, awards, and recognition[edit]

In 2021, Arthur D. Little is rated #10 and #6 in Vault's 2021 Consulting rankings for Europe[21] and Asia[22] respectively.

ADL recently re-established itself the US market and has been recognized by Forbes in 2016, 2017, and 2018 as one of "America's Best Management Consulting Firms".[23]

On Vault's global rankings of key employment factors, ADL was ranked #7 for firm culture[24] #9 for international opportunities,[25]



Studies and viewpoints[edit]

Arthur D. Little publishes a number of regular global studies including:

  • Twice a year, Arthur D. Little publishes its latest thinking on strategy, technology and innovation in its corporate magazine Prism.[26]
  • The Annual Arthur D. Little - Exane BNP Paribas report[27] which has provided in-depth analysis of the telecoms sector since 2001

In addition, Arthur D. Little frequently publishes topical or industry-centric reports. Recent examples include:

  • Media Flow of Funds 2017 : Consolidate, Diversity, or Perish,[28] which is the most recent in a multi-year study assessing the digital shifts in the content industry and the associated shifts in value along the industry ecosystem.
  • Telecoms & Media Flagship Report 2017 : Major strategic choices ahead of TelCos: Reconfiguring for value[29] which assesses how digitalization will impact telecommunication operators' configuration.
  • The Future of Urban Mobility Study (2014 version in cooperation with International Association of Public Transport)[30] which is a comprehensive global urban mobility benchmarking report
  • The Global Innovation Excellence Study[31][32] which benchmarks innovation performance is published every 2–3 years and is in its 9th iteration
  • Socioeconomic Effects of Broadband Speed [33]

Career education[edit]

In 1961, Arthur D. Little launched the first management education program to focus exclusively on training general managers from developing countries. Originally known as the Arthur D. Little Management Education Institute, this was a fully accredited academic institution with master's degree granting status.[34] In 1996, the Arthur D. Little School of Management formed a partnership with Boston College's Carroll School of Management in order to gain access to faculty and facilities.[35]

The Arthur D. Little School of Management became Hult International Business School in 2002, following a structural reorganization of Arthur D. Little Inc.


In 1987, ADL claimed that sabotage was likely the cause of the Bhopal disaster, which resulted in the death of thousands.[36] ADL's investigation was funded by Union Carbide, the company that owned the chemical plant responsible for the chemical disaster.[37] Analysis by Arthur D. Little argues that the Negligence argument was impossible for several tangible reasons.[38]

In 2001, ADL wrote a Philip Morris-funded report saying that smoking can help Czech economy: Public Finance Balance of Smoking in the Czech Republic.

In 2010 Booz & Co (now Strategy& owned by PWC) claimed they were the "oldest Management Consulting firm still in business". Following some pushback in the industry this claim has been dropped following Booz & Co's rebranding as Strategy&. [39]

Notable current and former employees[edit]

Politics and public service


  1. ^ Arthur D. Little. "Arthur D. Little: Locations". Archived from the original on 2017-12-03. Retrieved 2012-12-13.
  2. ^ "Locations". Arthur D. Little. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Scatter Acorns That Oaks May Grow: An Arthur D. Little Exhibit, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Institute Archives and Special Collections, 2009-08-25, archived from the original on 2017-03-12, retrieved 2010-03-18
  4. ^ Little, A.D.; Griffin, R.B., "The Chemistry of Paper-Making, together with the principles of general chemistry; a handbook for the student and manufacturer", New York : Howard Lockwood & Co., 1894.
  5. ^ Report: "On the Making of Silk Purses from Sows' Ears," 1921, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Institute Archives and Special Collections, 2009-08-25, archived from the original on 2016-10-09, retrieved 2010-03-18
  6. ^ a b Photographs: Early Days/30 Memorial Drive, Cambridge/Arthur D. Little/Acorn Park, Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Institute Archives and Special Collections, 2010-03-18
  7. ^ "Arthur D. Little, Inc.: Exhibits: Institute Archives & Special Collections: MIT".
  8. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; Plenum Bidding for Arthur D. Little". 14 July 1987.
  9. ^ a b c d e "ADL History Timeline" Archived 2010-01-04 at the Wayback Machine - ADL
  10. ^ "The Birth of Management Consulting - The MIT Campaign for a Better World".
  11. ^ "Report: "On the Making of Silk Purses from Sows' Ears," 1921" Archived 2016-06-03 at the Wayback Machine - ADL
  12. ^ [url=
  13. ^ Glater, Jonathan (2002-06-02). "Arthur D. Little Plans Bankruptcy Filing". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
  14. ^ Feder, Barnaby J. "Private Sector; A Father of Invention Is Retooling", 'The New York Times", February 23, 2003, accessed July 8, 2011.
  15. ^ "Altran website "The Group signed, on November 1st, 2011, a termsheet for an MBO concerning the disposal of Arthur D. Little due to be finalised by the year-end"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-10. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
  16. ^ "Arthur D. Little announces the successful completion of its Management Buy-Out - Business Wire".
  17. ^ "Arthur D. Little Announces More Than 20 New Partners Through External Hiring and Promotions - Business Wire".
  18. ^ "Arthur D. Little Announces Generation 100!".
  19. ^ "Industries". Arthur D. Little. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
  20. ^ "Services". Arthur D. Little. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
  21. ^ "Best European consulting company to work".
  22. ^ "Best Asian Consulting companies to work".
  23. ^ "America's Best Management Consulting Firms".
  24. ^ "Best Asia Pacific companies to work".
  25. ^ "Best companies to work".
  26. ^ Prism is available from its website Archived 2017-04-19 at the Wayback Machine or free on demand from any of the corporate offices.
  27. ^ Arthur D. Little - Exane BNP Paribas report Archived 2017-03-14 at the Wayback Machine available from ADL website
  28. ^ Little, Arthur D. "Arthur D. Little - Publications: Viewpoints". Archived from the original on 2017-04-19. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  29. ^ Little, Arthur D. "Arthur D. Little - Publications: Viewpoints". Archived from the original on 2017-04-18. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  30. ^ Arthur D. Little - The Future of Urban Mobility 2.0 available from ADL website
  31. ^ "Arthur D. Little Study Says External Business Intelligence Boosts Innovation and Profits - The CIO Report - WSJ". WSJ.
  32. ^ ADL Global Innovation Excellence Study Archived 2013-05-12 at the Wayback Machine available from ADL website
  33. ^ "Socioeconomic Effects of Broadband Speed" (PDF). Ericsson. September 2013.
  34. ^ "Arthur D. Little, Inc.: Exhibits: Institute Archives & Special Collections: MIT". Archived from the original on 2017-04-15. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
  35. ^ "Arthur D. Little, Inc.: Exhibits: Institute Archives & Special Collections: MIT". Archived from the original on 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
  36. ^ BBC (25 November 2004). "Response: Union Carbide and Dow Chemical". BBC Website. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  37. ^ Laymon, Brent. "Carbide Consultant Says Sabotage Caused Bhopal Tragedy". AP Report. Associated Press. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  38. ^ ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Kalelkar AS, Little AD (1988). Investigation of Large-magnitude Incidents: Bhopal as a Case Study. London: Presented at the Institution of Chemical Engineers conference on preventing major chemical accidents.
  39. ^ "Arthur D. Little appoints record-breaking number of partners". September 2021.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-09-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ Albarelli, H. P. (2009). A Terrible Mistake: The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA's Secret Cold War Experiments. Chicago: Trine Day. ISBN 0-9777953-7-3
  42. ^ "Earl P. Stevenson, 84; Ex‐Director and Head Of Arthur Little Inc.", The New York Times, July 5, 1978.

Further reading[edit]

  • James Adams (1992). Bull's eye: the assassination and life of supergun inventor Gerald Bull. (Chapter Seven) Times Books.
  • Eagar, Rick, “Who says it can't be done?” : A brief history of Arthur D. Little, PRISM magazine, 2006 (issue for the 120th anniversary of the company)
  • Peter Herman (2006). Managing other people's business, but not our own.
  • E. J. Kahn Jr. (1986). The Problem Solvers. Little Brown.

External links[edit]