Arthur D. Little
|Founded||1886 (formally incorporated as ADL in 1909)|
|Ignacio Garcia Alves, Global CEO|
|Products||Management consulting services|
Number of employees
Arthur D. Little is an international management consulting firm originally headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, and formally incorporated by that name in 1909 by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist who had discovered acetate. Arthur D. Little pioneered the concept of contracted professional services. The company played key roles in the development of business strategy, operations research, the word processor, the first synthetic penicillin, LexisNexis, and NASDAQ. Today the company is a multi-national management consulting firm operating as a partnership.
The roots of the company were started in 1886 by Arthur Dehon Little, an MIT chemist, and co-worker Roger B. Griffin (Russell B. Griffin), another chemist and a graduate of the University of Vermont who had met when they both worked for Richmond Paper Company. Their new company, Little & Griffin, was located in Boston where MIT was also located. Griffin and Little prepared a manuscript for The Chemistry of Paper-making which was for many years an authoritative text in the area. The book had not been entirely finished when Griffin was killed in a laboratory accident in 1893.
Little, who had studied Chemistry at MIT, collaborated with MIT and William Hultz Walker of the MIT Chemistry department, forming a partnership, Little & Walker, which lasted from 1900 to 1905, while both MIT and Little's company were still located in Boston. The partnership dissolved in 1905 when Walker dedicated his full-time to being in charge of the new Research Laboratory of Applied Chemistry at MIT.
Little continued on his own and formally incorporated the company, Arthur D. Little (ADL), in 1909. He conducted analytical studies, the precursor of the consulting studies for which the firm would later become famous. He also taught papermaking at MIT from 1893 to 1916.
In 1916 ADL was commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway to do a survey of Canada's natural resources. In 1917, the company moved to a building of its own, the Arthur D. Little Inc., Building, at 30 Memorial Drive on the Charles River next to the campus of MIT which had moved to Cambridge from Boston in 1916. In November 1953, ADL opened a 40 acre site for their Acorn Park labs in West Cambridge, Massachusetts, near Arlington, Massachusetts, which is about 6 miles (10 km) from MIT. The Memorial Drive Trust, a tax-exempt retirement trust for the benefit of its employees was set up.
In 1981, ADL produced the European Commission's first white paper on telecommunications deregulation, having completed the first worldwide telecommunications database on phones installed, markets, technical trends, services and regulatory information. It also helped privatize British Rail, generally regarded as one of the most complex privatization exercises in the world.
By 2001, Arthur D. Little reached its peak. A new management team had mismanaged the company's core business, engaged in manipulation of the Memorial Drive Trust, and attempted a sale of the technology and product development business. The ADL board of trustees replaced this management team, but the damage had been done, and Arthur D. Little filed chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2002. At an auction in 2002, Paris-based Altran Technologies bought the Arthur D. Little brand name for of the non-U.S. offices.
Under Altran's ownership, Arthur D. Little rebuilt its core practices in oil and gas, telecommunications, automotive and manufacturing and chemicals and reopened its US offices. Arthur D. Little continues to be active and recognized for its expertise in areas combining aspects of technology, innovation, and strategy.
Current partnership organisation
A group of Partners prepared a management buyout from the Altran group in 2011. The MBO was completed on 30 December 2011 with the majority of ADL Directors becoming Partners and Shareholders - a small number of Principals as well as the CFO and COO are also shareholders. The firm is led by the elected global CEO, Ignacio Garcia-Alves, who was also the leader of the MBO team. Currently the firm operates with an elected Board, an elected Compensation Committee, an elected Partnership Committee, and an elected Audit Committee. Since the MBO, ADL has opened several new offices in the US, as well as offices in Turkey, Norway, Buenos Aires, and Singapore.
Arthur D. Little publishes a number of regular global studies including:
- The Future of Urban Mobility Study (2014 version in cooperation with International Association of Public Transport) which is a comprehensive global urban mobility benchmarking report
- The Annual Arthur D. Little - Exane BNP Paribas report which has provided in depth analysis of the telecoms sector every year since 2001
- The Global Innovation Excellence Study which benchmarks innovation performance is published every 2–3 years and is in its 8th iteration
- Socioeconomic Effects of Broadband Speed 
- A collection of ADL thought leadership called Arthur D. Little PRISM is published twice a year.
In 1987, ADL claimed that sabotage was likely the cause of the Bhopal disaster, which resulted in the death of thousands. ADL was paid by Union Carbide, the company that owned the chemical plant responsible for the chemical disaster. Analysis by Arthur D. Little argues that the Negligence argument was impossible for several tangible reasons. 
In 2001, ADL wrote a Philip Morris-funded report saying that smoking can help Czech economy: Public Finance Balance of Smoking in the Czech Republic.
Notable current and former employees
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- Al Angrisani, Angrisani Turnarounds, LLC
- William J. J. Gordon and George M. Prince, creators of synectics.
- Bruce Henderson, founder of the Boston Consulting Group
- Charles Koch, Chairman and chief executive officer, Koch Industries
- Royal Little, founder of Textron, Inc.
- H. Donald Wilson, first president of LexisNexis database
- Politics and public service
- Merrill Cook, former member of the United States House of Representatives from Utah.
- Glen Fukushima, advisor to U.S. President Bill Clinton
- James M. Gavin, US Army Lieutenant General, World War II veteran, Com mander of the 82nd Airborne Division, and later US Ambassador to France
- David Brown, Chief Executive IChemE (Institution of Chemical Engineers)
- Karl P. Stevenson, Arthur D. Little's President and Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical and Biological Warfare that in 1950 expedited the creation of Camp Detrick's Special Operations Division that consolidated chemical and biological warfare projects in one location.
- Winnett Boyd, engineer
- Fischer Black, economist who co-developed option pricing, which led to a Nobel Prize for his co-authors (the nobel prize is not awarded posthumously)
- Philip Chapman, Australian-born American astronaut
- Peter Glaser, inventor of the Solar power satellite
- David Levy, inventor
- Pamela Low, developed the flavored coating for Cap'n Crunch cereal
- Donald Schön, academic
- Jack Treynor, economist
- Bernard Vonnegut, atmospheric scientist
- Deschamps, Jean-Philippe; Nayak, P. Ranganath (1995). Product Juggernauts: How Companies Mobilize to Generate a Stream of Market Winners. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. ISBN 0-87584-341-7. OCLC 31330407.
- Public Finance Balance of Smoking in the Czech Republic, 2001
- Roussel, Philip A.; Saad, Kamal N.; Erickson, Tamara J. (1991). Third Generation R & D: Managing the Link to Corporate Strategy. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. ISBN 0-87584-252-6. OCLC 22596604.
- Jonash, Ronald (1994). Innovation Premium. Perseus Publishing. ISBN 978-0738203607
- Arthur D. Little. "Arthur D. Little: Locations".
- "About Us".
- Scatter Acorns That Oaks May Grow: An Arthur D. Little Exhibit, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Institute Archives and Special Collections, 2009-08-25
- Little, A.D.; Griffin, R.B., "The Chemistry of Paper-Making, together with the principles of general chemistry; a handbook for the student and manufacturer", New York : Howard Lockwood & Co., 1894.
- Report: "On the Making of Silk Purses from Sows' Ears," 1921, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Institute Archives and Special Collections, 2009-08-25
- "ADL History Timeline" - ADL
- Photographs: Early Days/30 Memorial Drive, Cambridge/Arthur D. Little/Acorn Park, Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Institute Archives and Special Collections, 2010-03-18
- "COMPANY NEWS; Plenum Bidding for Arthur D. Little". 14 July 1987.
- Glater, Jonathan (2002-06-02). "Arthur D. Little Plans Bankruptcy Filing". NY Times. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- Altran website "The Group signed, on November 1st, 2011, a termsheet for an MBO concerning the disposal of Arthur D. Little due to be finalised by the year-end"
- "Arthur D. Little announces the successful completion of its Management Buy-Out - Business Wire".
- "Arthur D. Little Announces More Than 20 New Partners Through External Hiring and Promotions - Business Wire".
- Arthur D. Little - The Future of Urban Mobility 2.0 available from ADL website
- Arthur D. Little - Exane BNP Paribas report available from ADL website
- "Arthur D. Little Study Says External Business Intelligence Boosts Innovation and Profits - The CIO Report - WSJ". WSJ.
- ADL Global Innovation Excellence Study available from ADL website
- "Socioeconomic Effects of Broadband Speed" (PDF). Ericsson. September 2013.
- PRISM is available from its website http://www.adl.com/prism.html or free on demand from any of the corporate offices.
- BBC. "Response: Union Carbide and Dow Chemical". BBC Website. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- Laymon, Brent. "Carbide Consultant Says Sabotage Caused Bhopal Tragedy". AP Report. Associated Press. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Kalelkar AS, Little AD (1988). Investigation of Large-magnitude Incidents: Bhopal as a Case Study . London: Presented at the Institution of Chemical Engineers conference on preventing major chemical accidents.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- A Terrible Mistake:The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA’s Secret Cold War Experiments A Terrible Mistake:The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA’s Secret Cold War Experiments - H.P.Albarelli - July 1, 2009 - ISBN 0-9777953-7-3
- James Adams (1992). Bull's eye: the assassination and life of supergun inventor Gerald Bull. (Chapter Seven) Times Books.
- Eagar, Rick, “Who says it can't be done?” : A brief history of Arthur D. Little, PRISM magazine, 2006 (issue for the 120th anniversary of the company)
- Peter Herman (2006). Managing other people's business, but not our own. www.adlbook.com
- E. J. Kahn, Jr. (1986). The Problem Solvers. Little Brown.
- Arthur D
. Little official website
- Arthur D. Little 125 yrs anniversary website
- PRISM: bi-annual thought leadership collection
- Of Silk Purses and Lead Balloons
- ICHEME official website
- Alumni Association
- The Original ADL Alumni Association
- ADL Chronicles Products and Inventions from the ADL Labs