Arthur Dowler

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Sir Arthur Dowler
Sir-Arthur-Arnhold-Bullick-Dowler.jpg
Born 16 July 1895
New York City, New York, United States
Died 14 November 1963 (aged 68)
Bletchingley, Surrey, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1914–1954
Rank Lieutenant-General
Service number 8634
Unit East Surrey Regiment
Commands held 1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
2nd Infantry Brigade
38th (Welsh) Infantry Division
East Africa Command
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire

Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur (Arnhold Bullick) Dowler KCB KBE DL (16 July 1895 – 14 November 1963) was a senior British Army officer who was General Officer Commanding (GOC) East Africa Command.

Military career[edit]

Educated at Tonbridge School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst,[1] Dowler was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the East Surrey Regiment in 1914.[2] He served in the First World War with the 2nd Battalion, East Surreys in France and Belgium.[2]

Attending the Staff College, Camberley from 1931−1932, alongside Brian Horrocks, Sidney Kirkman, Cameron Nicholson and Thomas Rees,[3] Dowler also saw active service in the Second World War, initially in 1939 as Commanding Officer (CO) of the 1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment and then as a General Staff Officer (GSO) with the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division.[2] In 1940 he was promoted to Brigadier and served on the General Staff of V Corps and, promoted on 1 October 1940 to colonel,[4] subsequently commanded the 2nd Infantry Brigade.[2] He was involved in the Narvik expedition in 1940, part of the Norwegian Campaign.[1] In 1942 he was made General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division and then Major-General in charge of Administration of Southern Command.[2] He was put in charge of Administration for the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (MEF) in 1944.[2]

After the war he was appointed Chief of Staff of the British Army of the Rhine, before becoming Director of Infantry at the War Office in 1947.[2] He was GOC East Africa Command from 1948 to 1951 and subsequently Colonel of the East Surrey Regiment until his resignation in 1954.[2][5] In May 1958 he became Deputy Lieutenant of Surrey.[6]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Noel Irwin
GOC 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division
1941–1942
Succeeded by
Donald Butterworth
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Richard Foster
Colonel of the East Surrey Regiment
1946–1954
Succeeded by
George Roupell
Military offices
Preceded by
William Dimoline
GOC East Africa Command
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Cameron