Arthur Moule

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Arthur Evans Moule /ˈml/ (1836–1918) was an English missionary to China. He was the son of Henry Moule, vicar at Fordington, Dorset and was educated at the Malta Protestant College and the Church Missionary Society College, Islington.

Missionary in China[edit]

In 1861 he went out to China, where he arrived in time to witness some of the stirring scenes of the Taiping Rebellion.[1] He worked in the vicinity of Ningpo in 1861–1869 and in 1871–1876; at Hankow (where his brother George Evans Moule had founded, in 1869, the first inland mission residence) from 1876 to 1879; in Shanghai in 1882–1894; and, after eight years at home, in Chekiang and Kiangsu from 1902 to his retirement in 1910, having been Archdeacon in the diocese of Mid-China[2] for 30 years.

In 1890 he was a founding member of the Permanent Committee for the Promotion of Anti-Opium Societies. Fellow committee members were prominent missionaries John Glasgow Kerr MD, American Presbyterian Mission in Canton; BC Atterbury MD, American Presbyterian Mission in Peking, Henry Whitney MD, American Board of Commissioners for foreign Missions in Foochow, the Rev Samuel Clarke, China Inland Mission in Kweiyang; the Rev Arthur Gostick Shorrock, English Baptist Mission in Taiyuan and the Rev Griffith John, London Mission Society in Hankow.[3] They resolved to continue their opposition to the opium traffic, urging Christians in China to arouse public opinion against it. The desire of the missionaries that their ideas be carried out caused them to form "continuation committees" that were assigned tasks to assure that action would be taken on whatever matters had been approved by the conferences.

In Chinese he published tracts, sermons, a commentary on the Thirty-nine Articles, "A Letter to the Scholars of China," etc., and in English:

  • Chinese Stories (1880)
  • Arthur Evans Moule. New China and Old, Personal Recollections and Observations of Thirty Years. ISBN 1-4021-4250-1. (1891; third edition, 1902)
  • Arthur Evans Moule (1911). Half a Century in China. Hodder and Stoughton. (1911)
  • The Chinese People: A Handbook on China (1914)

His brother Handley Moule was the bishop of Durham from 1901–1920.

Selected works[edit]


  1. ^ Who's who in the Far East. Hong Kong: The China Mail. June 1906. pp. 236–7.
  2. ^ Crockford's Clerical Directory p xxxiii: London, Horace Cox, 1885
  3. ^ Lodwick, Kathleen L. Crusaders Against Opium: Protestant Missionaries in China 1874–1917 (University Press of Kentucky) Online version at Google Books ISBN 0-8131-1924-3