Arthur George Walker

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Arthur George Walker
Arthur George Walker, by Arthur George Walker.jpg
Self portrait
Born20 October 1861
Hackney, London
Died13 September 1939
England
Known forSculpture, relief, illustration

Arthur George Walker RA (20 October 1861 – 13 September 1939) was an English sculptor and painter. Among his best-known works are several war memorials and the statue of Florence Nightingale in Waterloo Place, London.

Personal life[edit]

Arthur George Walker was born 20 October 1861 to Robert Walker and his wife in Hackney, London. Robert Walker was a ship owner and surveyor.[1] Until 1911, Walker lived with his Aunt Isabella and two siblings, Emily and Harold. He studied at the Royal Academy from about 1883 to 1887 and during this time won various prizes.[1] He died aged 77 on 13 September 1939 in England.[1]

Works[edit]

War Memorials[edit]

Work Location Image Notes and References
Heath Town War Memorial Heath Town, Wolverhampton This memorial, situated in the centre of Heath Town Park, has a bronze sculpture by Walker depicting a soldier and some relief panels on the side of the memorial's pedestal. One of the relief panels shows an aeroplane taking off and the other depicts a naval scene. The bronze casting work involved was carried out by the G.Fiorini Foundry.[2][3]
Ironbridge War Memorial Ironbridge, Shropshire Ironbridge war memorial (8529) (cropped).jpg The Ironbridge War Memorial is located close to the famous Ironbridge and features a life size sculpture of a soldier in full marching order. The soldier stands on a pedestal. There are three plaques attached to the memorial. One is inscribed

"IN GRATEFUL / AND UNDYING MEMORY / OF THE VALIANT MEN / OF IRON BRIDGE / WHO LAID DOWN / THEIR LIVES / IN THE GREAT WAR/ 1914 – 1919 / WE THANK OUR GOD UPON / EVERY REMEMBRANCE OF YOU"

the second lists the names of those 53 Ironbridge men lost in the Great War and the third is inscribed

" THE CHURCH CLOCK WAS / ILLUMINATED AS A MEMORIAL / TO THE FOLLOWING MEN OF / IRONBRIDGE WHO LOST THEIR LIVES DURING THE 1939-1945 WAR. / (10 names)"

The memorial was unveiled on 8 March 1924 by Col.A.N.B.Garrett.[4][5]
Heston War Memorial Heston, Middlesex The War Memorial in Heston near St Leonards Church - panoramio (cropped).jpg Heston War Memorial stands in a garden at a junction of the Heston Road. It remembers the dead of both World Wars and comprises a York stone pedestal with a Portland stone sculpture of a soldier leaning on his rifle which is reversed. There are relief panels on two sides of the pedestal. 99 Heston men lost in the First World War are remembered and their names listed. Those lost in the Second World War are not listed. The memorial was unveiled on 1 June 1918 by a Mrs Becker.[6]
Bury St Edmunds. South African War Memorial Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk South African war memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1109642 (cropped).jpg This memorial is inscribed

"VULNERATUS NON VICTUS / THIS MONUMENT / WAS ERECTED BY SUFFOLK PEOPLE AS A MEMORIAL / TO SUFFOLK SOLDIERS WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE / SOUTH AFRICAN WAR / 1899-1902"

and has a bronze depiction of a soldier leaning on a rock as well as the Coat of Arms of the West Suffolk County Council. The soldier is bare-headed. A total of 193 Suffolk men who died in the Boer War are remembered. The unveiling took place on 12 November 1904. Walker was assisted by the mason Mr.A.H.Hanchet.[7][8]
Old Salopians Memorial Shrewsbury School, Shropshire This memorial is located in the apex of the angle in the Central Avenue which leads to the school's front gates and the school itself. It lists those boys of Shrewsbury School who lost their lives in the two World Wars. It comprises a Portland stone plinth upon which is a pedestal surmounted by a bronze statue of Sir Philip Sidney. There are also two relief panels one of which depicts a scene in the trenches and the other depicts Sir Philip's death at the Battle of Zutphen. The memorial also bears the School's Coat of Arms. The memorial gives the names of those who gave their lives in the 1914-1918 war, a total of 322 men in all and another 259 names of those men lost in the 1939-1945 conflict. The memorial was unveiled on 24 May 1923 by Lt Gen Sir Harold G Walker. General Sir Bernard Paget was present in 1948 when the names of those lost in the 1939-1945 conflict were unveiled. Walker carried out the sculptural work, and the bronze casting was carried out by A.B.Burton at the Thames Ditton Foundry.[9][10]
The Memorial to the 6th Battalion Gordon Highlanders Keith, Moray Gordon Highlander Memorial Keith. - panoramio.jpg This memorial stands in a memorial garden in Keith's Main Road. The inscription reads

"6TH (BANFFSHIRE & DONSIDE) BATTALION OF THE GORDON HIGHLANDERS"

and a depiction of a Gordon Highlander in kilt and bonnet and with rifle raised at the ready stands on a large plinth. The plinth is of sandstone and the Highlander is in bronze. The battalion depot was based in Keith, hence the choice of location.[11]
Derby War Memorial Derby Derby War Memorial Second View.jpg The memorial is located in Derby's Cathedral Quarter and on the south side of Market Place near to the Guidhall entrance. The memorial honours the dead of the two World Wars and dates to 1924. The Cross, pedestal and base are all of sandstone and Walker's sculpture is of bronze as are the plaques. The whole memorial comprises a sandstone ashlar monument with a cross on a pedestal all on a three-stepped base. The bronze figure of a mother and child features in the centre of the memorial. The original unveiling took place on 11 November 1924 and there was a re-dedication in 1994. The architect was Charles Clayton Thompson and the bronze casting was by A.B.Burton. Walker's sculpture is often assumed to represent the Virgin Mary and Baby Jesus but the notes in the unveiling ceremony programme refer to it as "... a typical English mother [and] her son ...".[12]
Bassingbourn and Kneesworth War Memorial Bassingbourn cum Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire This memorial stands at the junction of the High Street and North End and consists of a three-stepped square base surmounted by a double plinth, tapered shaft and Celtic cross with an inscription on the faces of the upper plinth. A laurel wreath is carved in relief on the front face of the upper plinth. The memorial stands in the centre of an enclosure formed by four low red brick walls. Walker designed the memorial and did whatever carving was involved. This village lost 42 men in the 1914-1918 war and another 11 in the 1939-1945 conflict. The unveiling took place on 22 May 1921.[13]
Memorial in St Werburgh's Church Derby St Werburgh's has a wall-mounted cast-bronze figure of Christ with His arms outstretched surmounting a plaque. The bow fronted plaque has a relief at the head with six wings surrounding a cherub's face and a Latin cross at the centre with names in raised upright lettering in two columns. The inscription reads

"Remember 1914-1918 / (Names) / Blessed are the Peacemakers"

A total of 47 men are listed.[14]
Limehouse War Memorial Commercial Road, Limehouse, Greater London In St Anne in the East Church the men of Limehouse lost in the 1914-1918 war are remembered by this memorial which carries the inscription

"TO THE GLORY OF / GOD / AND IN GRATEFUL MEMORY OF THE MEN OF LIMEHOUSE WHO FELL IN / THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918 / GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN THAN THIS THAT A MAN LAY DOWN HIS LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS / OF ANY NAMES NOT ENGRAVED IN PERISHABLE STONE / GOD HOLDS ETERNAL RECORD IN HIS HEART ALONE"

The memorial comprises a bronze figure of Jesus Christ and a relief panel depicting a scene in the trenches (a duplicate of that on the Old Salopians Memorial). 458 Limehouse men are remembered. The memorial was unveiled on 28 May 1921 by General The Lord Byng of Vimy.[15]
Dartford War Memorial Dartford, Kent Dartford3792.JPG A bronze statue of a British Tommy on a stepped granite pedestal with inscribed bronze plaques. Commemorates the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War.

Walker was selected after the Dartford War Memorial Committee saw his memorial in Sevenoaks which uses the same "British Tommy" figure. It is written that the sculptor sketched his design for the Tommy from life; the model was a soldier, recently returned from Flanders with whom the artist corresponded on his return to the trenches. According to Walker the man survived to see photographs of the finished statue. The founders A.B.Burton carried out the bronze casting.[16]

Sevenoaks War Memorial Sevenoaks, Kent Sevenoaks War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 509290 (cropped).jpg This memorial has the sculpture of the soldier used for the Ironbridge and Dartford memorials and carries the inscription

"TO KEEP IN MIND THOSE FROM THIS PLACE / WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES IN THE GREAT WAR / 1914-1918"

There are two relief panels with Naval and Air Force scenes.[17]
Chesham War Memorial Chesham, Buckinghamshire Chesham war memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1013925.jpg Another version of the soldier used at Ironbridge, Dartford and Sevenoaks and this time in Portland stone, appears on Chesham's memorial. The inscription here reads

"TO THE / GLORIOUS MEMORY / OF THE MEN OF / THIS TOWN WHO / GAVE THEIR LIVES / AND TO HONOUR / ALL WHO SERVED / OR SUFFERED IN / THE CAUSE OF GOD / KING AND COUNTRY / THEIR DEEDS LIVE AFTER THEM / FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH"

185 men of Chesham were lost in the 1914-1918 war and 77 in the 1939-1945 war.[18]

Memorials to individuals and other statues[edit]

Work Location Image Notes and References
Statues of Christ with St Peter and St Andrew Wells Cathedral, Somerset Walker was responsible for the central figures of Christ with St Peter and St Andrew in the row of statues above the High Altar in the Quire. They were given by Mrs Jessie Head in memory of her brother, Douglas McLean, just before the First World War.
Virgin and Child Llandaff Cathedral, Cardiff Llandaf, yr eglwys gadeiriol Llandaf Cathedral De Cymru South Wales 56 (cropped).JPG Commissioned on the recommendation of Sir Charles Nicholson, the Cathedral Architect, this as part of a re-ordering of the Lady Chapel between 1933 and 1935. The sculpture was to fill the central niche of a mediaeval reredos which was re-introduced to the Lady Chapel having been removed in 1908. Sir Charles had noted that Walker had completed a similar sculpture in a similar location at Wells Cathedral although not under his direction. He also advised that the Dean and Chapter should apply as few constraints as possible and the only condition was that the sculpture must not be coloured.[19]
Statue of Emmeline Pankhurst Victoria Tower Gardens, London Emmeline Pankhurst Memorial.jpg It was unveiled on 6 March 1930 by Stanley Baldwin and moved to the present site in 1956. The stone screens were added in 1959, to create the Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Memorial. There are two bronze plaques on the base of the statue. On the right is a portrait medallion of Christabel Pankhurst and on the left the design on the WSPU prisoners' badge.[20]
Frederick Smith, 2nd Viscount Hambleden memorial Lincoln's Inn Fields, London Monument to Smith in the gardens of Lincoln's Inn Fields, London.JPG Memorial to Frederick Smith, 2nd Viscount Hambledon (1868–1928), made in 1929. Smith was head of the W H Smith chain of newsagents, MP for the Strand Division and chairman of King's College Hospital. A Walker sculpture originally stood on the memorial plinth but this is no longer there.
John Wesley Washington D.C Sculpture of John Wesley in bronze was executed for the Wesley Theological Seminary in Washington, D.C. in 1932.[21]
Statue of Lady Mount-Temple[1] Torquay, Devon Georgina Baroness Mount-Temple - geograph.org.uk - 1628450.jpg Bronze statue of Lady Mount-Temple, sister of Lord Tollemache of Helmington. Unveiled on 9 October 1903.[22]
Florence Nightingale[1] Waterloo Place, London Florence Nightingale monument London closeup 607.jpg Bronze statue of Florence Nightingale with sculpted bronze panels on the plinth.[23]
Memorial tablet to Florence Nightingale St Pauls Cathedral, London Florence Nightingale's memorial, crypt of St Paul's Cathedral, London-3677690458.jpg Located in the Nelson Chamber's East Bay of the Cathedral's crypt. It comprises a tablet with "Blessed are the merciful" written at the top and "Florence Nightingale" at the bottom. This is a sculpted marble and alabaster wall monument with a frame enclosing a relief sculpture by Walker which shows Florence Nightingale tending a wounded soldier. There is a round arched top which shows a woman holding a cup to a bed-ridden man whose head is in bandages.[24]
Memorial to Florence Nightingale St. Thomas's Hospital Chapel, London This 1917 plaster relief, painted white and in an alabaster frame, is located in the St. Thomas's Hospital Chapel. It is in the South Aisle near the Chancel[25]
Busts of Dame Louisa Aldrich-Blake Tavistock Square, London Louisa Brandreth Aldrich-Blake, Tavistock Square, London.JPG Two bronze busts (possibly identical) facing in opposite directions on a stone plinth.[26]
Memorial to Constance Kerr, Marchioness of Lothian St Andrew's Church, Blickling, Norfolk Marble relief to the widow of the eighth Marquess of Lothian, died 1901. Sculpture c. 1904.[27][28]
Memorial to Pat Garnett St Andrew's Church, Backwell, Somerset The St Andrew's sculpture is a memorial to a local airman Pat Garnett and was sited below Backwell Hill House before becoming rusted and overgrown. It was restored and moved to the churchyard by Laurence Tindall in 1997.[29]

Other works[edit]

Work Location Image Notes and References
Christ at the Whipping Post Tate Britain, London Arthur g. walker, cristo alla colonna della flagellazione, ante 1925.jpg This Walker work in ivory and dates to 1925. It was purchased for the Tate from the artist by the Trustees of the Chantrey Bequest. Walker had exhibited this piece at the Royal Academy in 1925. The work is not currently on display.[30]
Roger Payne and William Morris Victoria and Albert Museum, London Statue of Roger Payne at Victoria and Albert Museum, London 2013 (cropped).JPG Statue of William Morris at Victoria and Albert Museum, London 2013 (cropped).JPG Walker sculpted two of the many single standing figures in niches which are located between the windows along the entire façade of the museum. Walker's figures appear on the Exhibition Road side of the building.[31]
The Thorn Bronze study of a nude girl removing a thorn from her leg, 20.5 inches (520 mm) high. Exhibited at The Royal Academy in 1903 and again at the Christopher Wood Galleries in London in 1980.[32] An earlier, possibly plaster, version was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1896.[33]
The Dancer Bronze statue, c. 1908.[34]
A Nymph of Diana Statue.[35]
Death of the First-born Bronze relief, c. 1904.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Arthur George Walker RA. Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951, University of Glasgow History of Art and HATII, online database 2011. Retrieved 19 Aug 2012.]
  2. ^ Wolverhampton City Council. Retrieved 22 October 2012
  3. ^ Heath Town War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  4. ^ Ironbridge War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  5. ^ Ironbridge Statues Hither and Dither. Website with photographs of Ironbridge War Memorial. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  6. ^ Heston War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  7. ^ " For Remembrance and in Honour of Those Who Lost Their Lives in the South African War 1899-1902" by James Gildea. Page 193. Published 1911
  8. ^ Bury St Edmunds. South African War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  9. ^ Old Salopians Memorial - WW1 and WW2 and Sir Philip Sidney statue UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  10. ^ Old Salopians Memorial Statues Hither and Dither. Website with photographs of Ironbridge War Memorial. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  11. ^ The Memorial to the 6th Battalion Gordon Highlanders UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  12. ^ Derby War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  13. ^ Bassingbourn and Kneesworth War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  14. ^ Memorial in St Werburgh’s Church UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  15. ^ Limehouse War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  16. ^ Dartford War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  17. ^ Sevenoaks War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  18. ^ Chesham War Memorial UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 27 October 2012
  19. ^ "A. G. Walker". Imaging the Bible in Wales Database. University of Wales Trinity St Davids. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  20. ^ Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 382–4
  21. ^ American University: John Wesley Memorial in Washington, D.C. DC Memorials. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  22. ^ Lady Mount-Temple Archived 20 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine St Mary's Church website. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  23. ^ [1] National Archives website. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  24. ^ Tablet dedicated to Florence Nightingale UKNIWM Report. Retrieved 25 October 2012
  25. ^ Memorial to Florence Nightingale Victorian Web. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  26. ^ Bust of Dame Louisa Aldrich-Blake London Remembers. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  27. ^ "Memorial to the late Marchioness of Lothian at Blicking". Victorian Web. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Church of St Andrew". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  29. ^ St Andrews Backwell The Garnett Memorial. Laurence Tindall (Sculptor). Retrieved 11 September 2011.
  30. ^ "Christ at the Whipping Post" Tate Britain website. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  31. ^ Roger Payne and William Morris Public Monuments and Sculpture Association. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  32. ^ The Thorn Victorian Web. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  33. ^ The Thorn (1896), photo Photo in Royal Academy Pictures 1896, London, Cassell and Company Ltd. 1896, cached copy on Internet Archive, retrieved 14 January 2014
  34. ^ The Dancer Archived 10 September 2012 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Victorian Web. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  35. ^ A Nymph of Diana Victorian Web. Retrieved 26 October 2012
  36. ^ Death of the First-born Archived 20 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine Victorian Web. Retrieved 26 October 2012

External links[edit]