Arthur Gilman (educator)

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Arthur Gilman
Arthur Gilman (educator).jpg
Born(1837-06-22)June 22, 1837
DiedDecember 27, 1909(1909-12-27) (aged 72)
Spouse(s)Stella Scott
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Arthur Gilman (June 22, 1837 – December 27, 1909,[1] Atlantic City, New Jersey[2]) was a United States educator. He and his second wife founded the institution which eventually became Radcliffe College.


He was a son of banker Winthrop Sargent Gilman and his wife Abia Swift Lippincott Gilman. His ancestor Edward Gilman, of an ancient Welsh family, emigrated from Norfolk, England, to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1638.[1] His father's wealth (made in the wholesale grocery trade) paid for Arthur Gilman's education in private schools in St. Louis, Missouri, and Lee, Massachusetts. Beginning in 1849, he attended the coeducational Chrestomathic Institute of Rye, New York. In 1851 he moved on to a school in New York City, where he remained until 1853.[3]

He joined his father's New York City banking firm from 1857 to 1862.[3] His health becoming impaired, he moved to Lenox, Massachusetts (Dictionary of American Biography reports Lee, Massachusetts; American National Biography confirms Lenox), and devoted himself to literary and educational work. In 1870, he went to Cambridge, and became associated with the Riverside Press. In 1871, he became one of the editors of the American Tract Society in Boston.

He and his second wife, Stella Scott Gilman (originally from Alabama), were the originators (1879) of Private Collegiate Instruction for Women (familiarly known as the Harvard Annex), of which he became executive officer. The new school, which employed Harvard professors, was organized so that women could enjoy instruction equal in quality to the instruction that Harvard men received. In 1882 the school became the Society for the Collegiate Instruction for Women. In 1894 it was reorganized as Radcliffe College, for which Gilman was regent until 1895.[3] In 1886, he founded and became director of the Cambridge School for Girls (now The Cambridge School of Weston). Most of his studies were in the fields of English literature and history.


He published Genealogy of the Gilman Family in England and America in 1864; The Gilman Family traced in the Line of Hon. John Gilman, of Exeter, N. H. came out in 1869 (Albany, New York). He edited Chaucer's works (The Poetical Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, to which are appended poems attributed to Chaucer; 3 vols., Boston and London, 1879) and other collections, collaborated in several volumes of the “Stories of the Nations” series, and wrote a number of educational works, chiefly historical in character, including:

  • First Steps in English Literature (Boston, 1870)
  • Kings, Queens, and Barbarians, or Talks about Seven Historic Ages (1870)
  • First Steps in General History: A Suggestive Outline (1874)
  • Shakespeare's Morals, with brief collateral readings and Scriptural references (New York, 1879)
  • History of the American People (Boston, 1883)
  • Tales of the Pathfinders (1884)
  • The Story of Rome (New York and London, 1885)
  • Short Stories from the Dictionary (Boston, 1886)
  • Story of the Saracens (New York and London, 1886)
  • The Colonization of America (1887)

He edited and contributed to:

  • Boston, Past and Present (Boston, 1873)
  • Library of Religious Poetry (New York and London, 1880)
  • The Kingdom of Home; Homely Poems for Home Lovers (Boston, 1881)
  • Magna Charta Stories (Boston and London, 1882)
  • Index to the Complete Edition of the Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge (New York, 1884)

Stella Scott Gilman is the author of Mothers in Council (New York, 1884).


  1. ^ a b Christina H. Baker (1931). "Gilman, Arthur". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  2. ^ "Arthur Gilman Dead". The New York Times. December 29, 1909.
  3. ^ a b c Jessica Lexie Hollis (1999). "Gilman, Arthur". American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press.


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