Arthur Goodwin (circa 1593/94 – 16 August 1643) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1643. He supported the Parliamentary cause during the English Civil War.
Background and upbringing
Goodwin was the son of Francis Goodwin (1564–1634), a landed gentleman of Upper Winchendon and his wife Elizabeth Grey (died 1630), daughter of Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey of Wilton. He was believed to have been born in 1593 or 1594 (being described as 40 years old in his father's will in 1634) He was educated in Oxfordshire at Lord Williams's School, was a law student of the Inner Temple in 1613 and graduated with BA from Magdalen College, Oxford on 10 February 1614.
In April 1640, Goodwin was elected with his friend John Hampden as MP for Buckinghamshire in the Short Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Buckinghamshire in November 1640 for the Long Parliament. Goodwin was a strong Parliamentarian and Puritan and opposed many of the policies of Charles I of England. When open war broke out between Parliament and the King, he gave substantial sums to the Parliamentarian cause, and commanded a cavalry regiment.
Goodwin took part at the Battle of Edgehill and Turnham Green. However, he was primarily active on his home ground in Buckinghamshire and the surrounding counties. In August 1643, he joined Hampden and Bulstrode Whitelocke to capture the Earl of Berkshire, who had been attempting to execute a commission of array in Oxfordshire for the King. Hampden and Goodwin also captured the Earl of Northampton at Daventry that year.
Goodwin was appointed Parliamentary commander-in-chief of Buckinghamshire in January 1643, and made an unsuccessful attempt to seize Brill. While harrying Prince Rupert's troops after the siege of Reading, Hampden was wounded at Chalgrove Field on 18 June 1643. Although it is often reported that Goodwin persuaded him to leave the field and ride to Thame, where he died on 24 June there is no firm evidence that Goodwin even took part in the battle.
Goodwin himself died shortly after, at Clerkenwell, London, on 16 August 1643 of "camp fever". He was buried at Wooburn, Buckinghamshire, In his will he endowed and caused six almshouses to be erected in Waddesdon, Buckinghamshire, a project the war prevented him fulfilling when alive.
- 'Parishes: Upper Winchendon', A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (1927), pp. 122-125. Date accessed: 27 November 2011
- [permanent dead link] History of Parliament Online article.
- 'Alumni Oxonienses, 1500-1714 Gilpin-Greenhaugh', Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714: Abannan-Kyte (1891), pp. 569-599. Date accessed: 27 November 2011
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229–239.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,Volume 22. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 813. ISBN 0-19-861372-5.Article by Joan A. Dils.
- The Alumni Oxonienses erroneously stated he died there.
|Parliament of England|
Sir Henry Neville,jnr
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Sir Robert Carr
|Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
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Sir Edmund Verney
Parliament suspended since 1629
|Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
With: John Hampden