Arthur Gore, 8th Earl of Arran

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The Earl of Arran
Personal details
Born
Arthur Kattendyke Strange David Archibald Gore[1]

(1910-07-05)5 July 1910
Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire[2]
Died23 February 1983(1983-02-23) (aged 72)
Watford, Hertfordshire, England
Resting placeLuss Parish Church Cemetery, Luss, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
Spouse(s)
Fiona Colquhoun (m. 1937)
EducationEton College
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford

Arthur Kattendyke Strange David Archibald Gore, 8th Earl of Arran (5 July 1910 – 23 February 1983) was a British columnist and politician who served as the Conservative whip in the House of Lords. He is known for leading the effort in the House of Lords to decriminalise male homosexuality in 1967, following the suicide of his gay brother.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Gore was the second son of Arthur Gore, 6th Earl of Arran and Maud Jacqueline Marie Beauclerk, only daughter of 3rd Baron Huyssen van Kattendyke of Kattendijke, Zeeland, Holland.[3] He was affectionately known as "Boofy".[4]

He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford.[3]

Career[edit]

During the Second World War, Gore worked first as a press attaché at the British Legion in Bern (1939–45) and at the British Embassy in Lisbon (1941–42). He was deputy director of the overseas general division of the Ministry of Information (1943–45) and was secretariat director at the Central Office of Information (1945–49).[1]

In 1958, Gore succeeded his elder brother, who had committed suicide reportedly because he was gay,[4] to become the 8th Earl of Arran and became an active member of the House of Lords.

Arran was the sponsor in the House of Lords of Labour MP Leo Abse's 1967 private member's bill which, as the Sexual Offences Act 1967, decriminalised homosexual acts between two consenting adult men. He was of the opinion that "no amount of legislation will prevent homosexuals from being the subject of dislike and derision, or at best of pity".[5] He also sponsored a bill for the protection of badgers, and was once asked why this effort had failed whereas decriminalising homosexuality had succeeded. Arran is reported to have replied: "There are not many badgers in the House of Lords."[6]

He was an outspoken columnist for many years, writing for The Evening Standard, The Guardian, Encounter, Punch, The Observer, The Daily Mail, and others. At one point he described himself as "a poor man's Duke of Bedford and a rich man's Godfrey Winn". His columns, which often contained inflammatory and abusive language, was tagged as coming from "The outrageous Arran, the Earl you love to hate."[1]

Marriage and issue[edit]

He married Fiona Bryde Colquhoun (1918–2013), eldest daughter of Sir Iain Colquhoun, 7th Baronet.[7] She was a speedboat racer and, like her husband, an animal rights activist. The couple had homes in Hertfordshire and Scotland.[8]

They had two sons:[3]

  • Arthur, Viscount Sudley (born 1938), who succeeded his father as 9th Earl of Arran
  • Hon. Philip Gore (born 22 March 1943)

He died at his home near Hemel Hempstead, aged 72.[1]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Obituary: Earl of Arran". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 24 February 1983. p. 12.
  2. ^ England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
  3. ^ a b c Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 148. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  4. ^ a b Bedell, Geraldine (24 June 2007). "Coming out of the dark ages". the Guardian. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  5. ^ Unequal Britain, Pat Thane, p.140
  6. ^ Thomas, June (5 October 2016). ""A Terrible Propensity for Malice"". Slate. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  7. ^ Steven, Alasdair (10 June 2013). "Obituary: Countess Arran, power-boat champion". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  8. ^ "The Countess of Arran". Daily Telegraph.

References[edit]

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Arthur Paul John Charles Gore
Earl of Arran
1958–1983
Succeeded by
Arthur Colum Michael Connolly-Gore