The Arthur H. Compton House, located at 5637 South Woodlawn Avenue in Chicago, Illinois, was the residence of professor Arthur Compton from the late 1920s until 1945. Arthur Compton was a physicist who discovered the Compton Effect, proving that light has both a particle and a wave aspect. Compton received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for this discovery. Arthur was born in Wooster,OH on September 10, 1892 to the parents of Elias Compton, philosophy professor, and Otelia Catheryne Augspurger Compton. Compton died on March 15, 1962. His burial took place in Wooster Cemetery, Wooster, OH.