Arthur Herbert Church

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Sir Arthur Herbert Church KCVO FRSC (June 2, 1834 – May 31, 1915) was a British chemist, expert on pottery, stones and chemistry of paintings, who discovered turacin in 1869 and several minerals, including the only British cerium mineral.[1][2][3][4][5]

He was born in London, the son of John Thomas Church, a solicitor and educated at King's College London, the Royal College of Chemistry and Lincoln College, Oxford, where he graduated MA (Oxon).[6]

He was Professor of Chemistry at the Agricultural College, Cirencester from 1863 to 1879 and Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Academy of Arts from 1879 to 1911. He wrote on organic, physiological and mineralogical chemistry.[6] He was invested KCVO in 1909.[3]

He was a talented painter and thus became an expert of chemistry of paintings and frescoes.[2] He was a fellow of the Royal Society (elected 1888),[2]a fellow of King's College London,[1] president of the Mineralogical Society,[1] and a fellow of the Chemical Society.[3] The New York Times called him a "famous chemist"[1] and "a leading authority in the chemistry of painting".[3]

He died at Shelsley, Kew Gardens in 1915, and is buried in Richmond Cemetery.[7] He had married Jemima, the daughter of Mr. J. B. Pope.

Publications[edit]

  • English porcelain; a handbook to the china made in England during the eighteenth century as illustrated by specimens chiefly in the national collections (1885)
  • Food-grains of India (1886)
  • Food (1887)
  • Laboratory Guide for Agricultural Students (1888)
  • The chemistry of paints and painting (1890)
  • Colour : an elementary manual for students (1907)

See also[edit]

An example of a painting by Church: Arthur Herbert Church: Narcissus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d New York Times:FAMOUS CHEMIST DEAD.; Sir Arthur H. Church Was Also an Expert on Pottery and Stones.
  2. ^ a b c The Royal Society;Arthur Herbert Church FRS and the Palace of Westminster frescoes
  3. ^ a b c d Wikisource:Death of Sir A. H. Church;Royal Academy Professor of Chemistry
  4. ^ Church, A. H. (1869). "Researches on Turacin, an Animal Pigment containing copper". Phil. Trans.: 627–639. 
  5. ^ Church, A. H. (1869). "Researches on Turacin, an Animal Pigment Containing Copper". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 159: 627–636. JSTOR 109012. doi:10.1098/rstl.1869.0024. 
  6. ^ a b "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  7. ^ Meller, Hugh; Parsons, Brian (2011). London Cemeteries: An Illustrated Guide and Gazetteer (fifth ed.). Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press. pp. 290–294. ISBN 9780752461830.