Arthur Kwok Cheung Li
GBM, GBS, JP
Arthur Li in 2006
|Vice-Chancellor of Chinese University of Hong Kong|
|Preceded by||Charles Kao|
|Succeeded by||Ambrose King|
|Secretary for Education and Manpower|
1 July 2002 – 30 June 2007
|Chief Executive||Donald Tsang|
|Preceded by||Fanny Law|
|Succeeded by||Michael Suen|
27 June 1945 |
|Spouse(s)||Diana Chester; 2 children|
|Relations||Koon-chun Li (great grandfather)
Fook-shu Li (father)
Tze-ha Wu (mother)
David Li (brother)
Alex Li (son)
Peter Li (son)
Athena Li (granddaughter)
Andreas Li (grandson)
Arthur Li Kwok-cheung, GBM, GBS JP (Chinese: 李國章; born 27 June 1945) is a Hong Kong doctor and politician. He is currently member of the Executive Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the chairman of the Council of the University of Hong Kong (HKU). He was Vice-Chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) from 1996 to 2002 and Secretary for Education and Manpower from 2002 to 2007. Li’s dictatorial and ruthless leadership style led some to refer to him as "King Arthur" and even "the Tsar". He is the grandson of the co-founder of the Bank of East Asia, Li Koon-chun, and brother of its current chairman, David Li.
Life and career
Li was born into the prominent Li family. His grandfather, Li Koon-chun, was the founder of the Bank of East Asia. His father, Li Fook-shu, was the unofficial member of the Executive Council and Legislative Council. His brother, David Li Kwok-po, succeeded his father to become the chairman of the Bank of East Asia and member of the Legislative Council.
An alumnus of St. Paul's Co-educational College and a classmate of Professor Lawrence J. Lau, Li received his medical training at the University of Cambridge. He was subsequently trained at Middlesex Hospital Medical School and Harvard Medical School, before returning to Hong Kong to become the founding chairman of the Department of Surgery and Dean of Medicine at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Li's tenure as Secretary for Education and Manpower was marked by an era of education reforms that included the School-Based Management Policy. Since 2000, the Education and Manpower Bureau has implemented a number of mandates, including having teachers spend more time with students outside the classroom, adding exams for subjects such as English and history, and ordering that teachers take benchmark assessments to prove their language abilities. Li ostensibly retired from public service in 2007.
In the role, he caused controversy by proposing mergers first between Chinese University and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and later between Chinese University and the Hong Kong Institute of Education.
Li's appointment by CY Leung to the governing board of the University of Hong Kong in 2015 has been met with strong criticism, particularly from academic staff (mostly pro-democrats): a poll has shown most to have little to no confidence that Li will uphold academic freedom. Further, Li's general attitude towards staff has been said to be 'hostile' and 'critical'.
Six months later, when it became known that Li was likely to take over the chairmanship of the Council upon the expiry of the term of Edward Leong on 6 November, there was further strong opposition, with 87 percent of members of HKU Academic Staff Association and almost three-quarters of members of the Professional Teachers Union opposed, due to his stance during the University of Hong Kong pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy.
His leadership style has seen him being referred to as "King Arthur" or even "the Tsar".
He was married to Diana Chester, a registered nurse and graduate of New Hall College, Cambridge University who died in 2013. He has two sons.
Before his appointment, Li was Vice-Chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), as well as:
- Professor of Surgery and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, CUHK
- Member of the Education Commission and Member of the Committee on Science and Technology
- Member of the Hong Kong Hospital Authority
- Member of the Hong Kong Medical Council
- Member of the University Grants Committee
- Member of the College of Surgeons of Hong Kong
- Member of the Hospital Governing Committee of United Christian Hospital, Kwun Tong, Hong Kong
- Member of the board of directors of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation
- Member of the Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute
- Vice-President of the Association of University presidents of China
- Patron of the Royal College of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland
- Regent of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
- Honorary Fellow of the American Surgical Association
- Hon Fellow of the America College of Surgeons
- Hon Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland and Glasgow
- Hon Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine
- Politics of Hong Kong
- Executive Council of Hong Kong
- Four big families of Hong Kong
- School-Based Management Policy
- University of Hong Kong pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy
- "Five things to know about Arthur Li's appointment as HKU council chairman". South China Morning Post. 31 December 2015.
- University of Hong Kong alumni vow action to stop ex-minister Arthur Li taking over as chairman of ruling council, SCMP, 25 Oct 2015
- Arthur Li made a HKU council member, RTHK, 21 March 2015
- Most HKU staff have no confidence in Arthur Li, poll shows, EJ Insight, 23 April 2015
- "昨晚政府刊憲委任一向仇視港大的李國章做校委會主席，引起港大校友和師生不滿。" 多名校委不滿李國章入主港大 陳祖為批政府一意孤行
- "Li had weeks earlier blamed the drop in international ranking of local universities on "academics who would rather appear in talk shows than do their job of teaching" Most HKU staff have no confidence in Arthur Li, poll shows, EJ Insight, 23 April 2015
- For example, upon appointment he promptly criticised HKU professors for having "become intellectually incompetent".HKU Professors Insulted, South China Morning Post, 6 April 2015
- "'King' Arthur Li tipped as Hong Kong's next chief executive". South China Morning Post. 22 February 2015.
Quotations related to Arthur Li at Wikiquote
Charles K. Kao
|Vice-Chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong
Dr Leong Che-hung
|Chairman of the Council of the University of Hong Kong
as Director of Education
|Secretary for Education and Manpower
as Secretary for Education
|Order of precedence|
Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs
|Hong Kong order of precedence
Non-official member of the Executive Council
Non-official member of the Executive Council