Arthur Lupia

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Arthur Lupia is an American political scientist. He is the Hal R. Varian Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan, Chairperson of the Board of the Center for Open Science and Chair of National Research Council's Roundtable on the Application of Behavioral and Social Science. His research how information and institutions affect policy and politics, with a focus on how people make decisions when they lack information. He draws from multiple scientific and philosophical disciplines and uses multiple research methods. His topics of expertise include information processing, persuasion, strategic communication, and civic competence.

Education and career[edit]

Lupia received a B.A. degree in economics from the University of Rochester and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in social science from the California Institute of Technology. He has taught at the University of California, San Diego (1990-2001) and the University of Michigan (2001–present).[1]

He has held a range of scientific leadership positions. He serves on the Advisory Board of the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education of the National Academy of Science, and as an Executive Board member of Climate Central. In the past, he has served as Chair of the Social, Economic, and Political Sciences section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was co-founder of TESS (Time-Sharing Experiments in the Social Sciences), which has helped hundreds of scientists from many disciplines run innovative experiments on opinion formation and change using nationally representative subject pools. As a contributor and then as Principal Investigator to the National Science Foundation's EITM (Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models) program, he helped to develop curricula that show young scholars how to better integrate advanced empirical and theoretical methods into effective research agendas. As a Principal Investigator of the ANES (American National Election Studies), he introduced many procedural, methodological, and content innovations to one of the world's best-known scientific studies of elections.

He has led numerous task forces on scientific communication and research transparency and is regularly asked to advise scientific organizations and research groups on how to effectively communicate science to broad and diverse audiences.[2] He has also led or advised numerous efforts to increase transparency and data availability in scientific publishing.[citation needed] He is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Guggenheim Fellow, an Andrew Carnegie Fellow, a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, a recipient of the American Association for Public Opinion Research’s Innovator’s Award, the American Political Science Association’s Ithiel de Sola Pool Award, and the National Academy of Science’s NAS Award for Initiatives in Research.[3]

Selected publications[edit]


  • Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1998. The Democratic Dilemma: Can Citizens Learn What They Need to Know? New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Arthur Lupia, Mathew D. McCubbins, and Samuel L. Popkin (eds.). 2000. Elements of Reason: Cognition, Choice, and the Bounds of Rationality. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Elisabeth R. Gerber, Arthur Lupia, Mathew D. McCubbins, and D. Roderick Kiewiet. 2001. Stealing the Initiative: How State Government Responds to Direct Democracy. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  • James N. Druckman, Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia (eds.). 2011. Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-17455-8.
  • Arthur Lupia. 2016. Uninformed: Why People Know So Little About Politics and What We Can Do About It." New York: Oxford University Press.

Articles on Voting and Individual Behavior[edit]

  • Arthur Lupia. 1992. “Busy Voters, Agenda Control, and the Power of Information.” American Political Science Review 86: 390-403.
  • Arthur Lupia. 1994. “Shortcuts versus Encyclopedias: Information and Voting Behavior in California Insurance Reform Elections.” American Political Science Review 88: 63-76.
  • James N. Druckman and Arthur Lupia. 2000. "Preference Formation." Annual Review of Political Science 3: 1 - 24.
  • Gregory L. Bovitz, James N. Druckman and Arthur Lupia. 2002. "When Can a News Organization Lead Public Opinion? Ideology versus Market Forces in Decisions to Make News." Public Choice 113: 127-155.
  • Arthur Lupia. 2002. “Deliberation Disconnected: What it Takes to Improve Civic Competence.” Law and Contemporary Problems 65: 133-150.
  • Arthur Lupia and Gisela Sin. 2003. “Which Public Goods are Endangered? How Evolving Communication Technologies Affect The Logic of Collective Action.” Public Choice 117: 315-331.
  • Arthur Lupia and Tasha S. Philpot. 2005. “Views From Inside the Net: How Websites Affect Young Adults’ Political Interest” The Journal of Politics 67:1122-1142.
  • James N. Druckman, Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia. 2006. “The Growth and Development of Experimental political science|Experimental Research in the American Political Science Review.” American Political Science Review 100: 627-636.
  • Arthur Lupia. 2006. "How Elitism Undermines the Study of Voter Competence." Critical Review 18: 217-232.
  • Markus Prior and Arthur Lupia. 2008. “Money, Time, and Political Knowledge: Distinguishing Quick Recall from Political Learning Skills.” American Journal of Political Science 52: 168-182.
  • Arthur Lupia and Jesse O. Menning. 2009. “When Can Politicians Scare Citizens Into Supporting Bad Policies?” American Journal of Political Science 53: 90-106.

Articles on Legislative Processes[edit]

  • Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1994. “Learning From Oversight: Fire Alarms and Police Patrols Reconstructed.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 10: 96-125.
  • Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1994. “Designing Bureaucratic Accountability.” Law and Contemporary Problems 57: 91-126.
  • Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1994. “Who Controls? Information and the Structure of Legislative Decision Making.” Legislative Studies Quarterly, 19: 361-384.
  • Arthur Lupia and Kaare Strøm. 1995. “Coalition Termination and the Strategic Timing of Parliamentary Elections.” American Political Science Review 89: 648-665.
  • Elisabeth R. Gerber and Arthur Lupia. 1995. “Campaign Competition and Policy Responsiveness in Direct Legislation Elections.” Political Behavior 17: 287-306.
  • Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 2000. "Representation or Abdication? How Citizens Use Institutions to Help Delegation Succeed." European Journal of Political Research 37: 291 - 307
  • John D. Huber and Arthur Lupia. 2001. "Cabinet Instability and Delegation in Parliamentary Democracies." American Journal of Political Science 45: 18-32.
  • Arthur Lupia and John G. Matsusaka. 2004. “Direct Democracy: New Approaches to Old Questions.” Annual Review of Political Science 7: 463-482.
  • Elisabeth R. Gerber, Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 2004. “When Does Government Limit the Impact of Voter Initiatives? The Politics of Implementation and Enforcement.” The Journal of Politics 66: 43-68.


External links[edit]