Arthur MacArthur III

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Arthur MacArthur III
Born (1876-06-01)June 1, 1876
Died December 2, 1923(1923-12-02) (aged 47)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1896–1923
Rank Captain
Battles/wars

Spanish-American War

Philippine-American War
Boxer Rebellion
World War I

Awards Navy Cross
Navy Distinguished Service Medal

Arthur MacArthur III (June 1, 1876 – December 2, 1923) was a United States Navy officer, whose active-duty career extended from the Spanish-American War through World War I. He was the elder brother of General Douglas MacArthur (1880–1964).

Biography[edit]

The son of United States Army General Arthur MacArthur, Jr. (1845–1912), he chose a career in the Navy instead of following his father, graduating from the United States Naval Academy in 1896.

During the Spanish-American War, Ensign MacArthur served aboard the steam yacht USS Vixen (PY-4) in the Battle of Santiago. He later participated in naval operations during the Philippine-American War and the Boxer Rebellion.

On August 21, 1902, in Newport, Rhode Island, he married Mary Hendry McCalla (1877–1959), the daughter of Rear Admiral Bowman H. McCalla. His brother Douglas, a Cadet at the United States Military Academy at the time, was his best man.[1] Arthur and Mary MacArthur had five children, Arthur (1904-1912), Bowman McCalla, Douglas (named in honor of his brother), Mary Elizabeth, and Malcolm (who died while attending the Naval Academy in 1933).[2]

From 1901 to 1903, MacArthur commanded the torpedo boat Winslow.[3] While in this capacity, he was involved in early submarine boat testing. While also commanding the USS Holland, he also participated in Electric Boat's testing using their prototype Fulton, as a testbed for the Plunger-class submarines. In November 1901, he was aboard the Fulton when it set an underwater endurance record of 15 hours on the bottom of Peconic Bay, New York.[4][5][6] Later, he was injured when, on a run from New Suffolk, New York to Washington, D.C. to exhibit the submarine to naval committees of the House and Senate, the Fulton experienced a battery explosion off the Delaware Breakwater.[4][7] By June 1903, he was at Mare Island Naval Shipyard in command of the submarine flotilla consisting of the Pike and Grampus.[8][9]

He was later transferred to the battleship Ohio prior to her commissioning in October 1904, making him a plank owner,[10][11] and served aboard her until September 1906, when he was transferred to the United States Naval Academy. At the Naval Academy, he served initially as aide to the Superintendent, Admiral James H. Sands[12][13] and subsequently on the staff for the Commandant of Midshipman.[14]

His later commands included destroyer USS McCall (DD-28), minelayer USS San Francisco (CM-2), armored cruiser USS South Dakota (ACR-9) and light cruiser USS Chattanooga (CL-18). For distinguished work in protecting convoys from U-boats engaged in the Atlantic U-boat Campaign during 1918, he was awarded the Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal, and was promoted to captain.

MacArthur was a hereditary member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States by right of his father's having served as a Union officer in the Civil War.

Captain MacArthur died in Washington, D.C. of appendicitis in 1923, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery near his parents.

Awards[edit]

Navy Cross Citation[edit]

"For distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Chattanooga engaged in the important, exacting and hazardous duty of transporting and escorting troops and supplies to European ports through waters infested with enemy submarines and mines."

Dates of Rank[edit]

  • Midshipman, United States Naval Academy - 6 September 1892
  • Ensign - 6 May 1898
  • Lieutenant (junior grade) - 6 May 1901
  • Lieutenant - 3 March 1903
  • Lieutenant Commander - 25 February 1909
  • Commander - 17 August 1915
  • Captain - 1 January 1921

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The MacArthur-McCalla Wedding at Newport Today". Evening Star (Washington, D.C.). August 21, 1902. p. 5. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Miller, Francis Trevelyn (1942). General Douglas MacArthur - Fighter for Freedom (PDF). John C. Winston Company. p. 144. ISBN 9781406707694. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1902. p. 34. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Friedman, Norman; Christley, James L. (illustrator) (1995). U.S. submarines through 1945 : an illustrated design history. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. pp. 27–28. ISBN 9781557502636. 
  5. ^ "Remarkable Air Test of the Fulton, Submarine Boat". The Abbeville Press and Banner (Abbeville, SC). 8 January 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Special Service". Army and Navy Register 33. 1903. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Ships". Journal of the American Society of Naval Engineers (American Society of Naval Engineers) 14 (2): 614–615. 1902. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1904. pp. 34 and 189. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "News and Comments". Army and Navy Register 33 (1226): 4. June 20, 1903. 
  10. ^ "Personal Matters". Army and Navy Register 38: 2. October 15, 1904. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Battleship Ohio". Army and Navy Register 36: 9. September 22, 1906. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Personal Matters". Army and Navy Register 40: 10. September 22, 1906. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Notes from the Naval Academy". Army and Navy Register 42: 10. July 20, 1907. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Officers, Professors, Instructors, etc., attached to the United States Naval Academy". Annual register of the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office) 63: 19. 1907. Retrieved 1 June 2015.