Arthur Macalister

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Arthur Macalister
CMG
Arthur Macalister.jpg
2nd Premier of Queensland
In office
1 February 1866 – 20 July 1866
Preceded by Robert Herbert
Succeeded by Robert Herbert
Constituency Town of Ipswich
In office
7 August 1866 – 15 August 1867
Preceded by Robert Herbert
Succeeded by Robert Mackenzie
Constituency Town of Ipswich
In office
8 January 1874 – 5 June 1876
Preceded by Arthur Hunter Palmer
Succeeded by George Thorn Jr
Constituency Ipswich
Speaker of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
In office
15 November 1870 – 21 June 1871
Preceded by Gilbert Eliott
Succeeded by Frederick Forbes
Constituency Eastern Downs
Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
for Ipswich
In office
14 June 1859 – 10 December 1859
Preceded by New seat
Succeeded by Seat abolished
Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
for Town of Ipswich
In office
10 May 1860 – 18 September 1868
Preceded by New seat
Succeeded by Henry Williams
Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
for Eastern Downs
In office
18 September 1868 – 22 July 1871
Preceded by John Douglas
Succeeded by Edmond Lambert Thornton
Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly
for Ipswich
In office
22 October 1872 – 14 June 1876
Preceded by New seat
Succeeded by George Thorn Jr
Personal details
Born 1818
Glasgow, Scotland, UK United Kingdom
Died 23 March 1883
Glasgow, Scotland, UK United Kingdom
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Wallace Tassie
Religion Presbyterian

Arthur Macalister, CMG (1818 – 23 March 1883) was three times Premier of Queensland, Australia.


Early life[edit]

Macalister was born in Glasgow, Scotland, son of John Macalister, a cabinet maker, and his wife Mary, née Scoullar. Macalister was educated in Glasgow and emigrated to Australia with his wife Elizabeth Wallace née Tassie. They arrived in Sydney on 28 September 1839 on the Abbotsford.[1]

Macalister was appointed to the positions of clerk of Petty Sessions and postmaster at Scone, New South Wales in June 1840. In 1846 he was working for a solicitor in Sydney. In 1850 he was admitted as a solicitor and attorney.[1]

Political career[edit]

Macalister then settled in the Moreton Bay district, then part of New South Wales. Macalister took part in the movement for separation, and was elected a representative for Ipswich in the New South Wales parliament on 14 June 1859.[1]

The colony of Queensland was founded in 1859 and Macalister was elected to the first parliament as member for his old district and was made chairman of committees. In March 1862 he joined the Herbert ministry as Secretary for Public Lands and Works, and when Herbert resigned on 1 February 1866, became Premier.

Macalister's ministry only lasted until 20 July 1866, when he resigned owing to the Governor, Sir George Bowen, refusing to sanction a proposed issue of "inconvertible government notes". Bowen called on Herbert to form a new ministry which immediately carried an act authorizing the issue of exchequer bills. This carried the colony through a financial crisis caused by the failure of the Agra and Masterman's Bank, which had arranged a loan for railway extensions.

Herbert had to leave for England almost at once, a reconstruction of the ministry was made, and Macalister again became Premier on 7 August 1866. He resigned a year later and was again elected Chairman of Committees. When Charles Lilley became Premier in November 1868, Macalister took office as Secretary for Public Lands and Works, and for the goldfields. This ministry resigned in May 1870 and, in November, Macalister was elected Speaker. Macalister lost his seat after a hectic campaign in June 1871 but was re-elected for Ipswich in 1872 in a by-election.[1] Macalister formed his third ministry in January 1874 and resigned in June 1876 to become Agent-General for Queensland in London.

Later life[edit]

Macalister's health was failing in 1881 and he resigned his office as Agent-General; he was granted a pension of £500 a year by the Queensland parliament.[1] He was created Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1876.

Macalister died near Glasgow on 23 March 1883, survived by his wife, who died 14 September 1894.[1]

Family[edit]

Macalister married Elizabeth Wallace Tassie in Edinburgh, Scotland with whom he had 9 children.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Paul D. Wilson, 'Macalister, Arthur (1818 - 1883)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, MUP, 1974, pp 118-120. Retrieved 2009-09-24

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Herbert
Premier of Queensland
1866
Succeeded by
Robert Herbert
Preceded by
Robert Herbert
Premier of Queensland
1866 – 1867
Succeeded by
Robert Mackenzie
Preceded by
Arthur Palmer
Premier of Queensland
1866 – 1867
Succeeded by
George Thorn Jr
Parliament of New South Wales
New seat Member for Ipswich
1859
Abolished
Parliament of Queensland
Preceded by
Gilbert Eliott
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
1870 – 1871
Succeeded by
Frederick Forbes
New seat Member for Town of Ipswich
1860 – 1868
Succeeded by
Henry Williams
Preceded by
John Douglas
Member for Eastern Downs
1868 – 1871
Succeeded by
Edmond Lambert Thornton
New seat Member for Ipswich
1872 – 1876
Succeeded by
George Thorn Jr