Arthur Middleton Manigault
|Arthur Middleton Manigault|
October 26, 1824|
Charleston, South Carolina
|Died||August 17, 1886
Georgetown County, South Carolina
|Place of burial||Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, South Carolina|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
Confederate States of America
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861–64 (C.S.A)|
|Other work||Adjutant and Inspector General of South Carolina, 1880–86|
Early life and career
Manigault was born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1824. His parents were Joseph and Charlotte Manigault. His grandfather, Peter Manigault, was the richest person in British North America in 1770. Joseph Manigault's great-great-grandfather was Pierre Manigault  (1664–1729), a French Huguenot who was born in La Rochelle, France and settled in Charleston. His mother was both the daughter of Charles Drayton, a South Carolina Lt. Governor, and the granddaughter of Henry Middleton, the second President of the First Continental Congress. Her uncle, Arthur Middleton, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
Manigault attended the College of Charleston, although he abandoned his studies to pursue an interest in business. During the Mexican-American War, he served in the United States Army as a first lieutenant with the Palmetto Regiment. From 1847 to 1856, he was a businessman in Charleston. He married Mary Proctor Huger on April 18, 1850, and they had five children together. In 1856, he inherited a rice plantation in Georgetown County, South Carolina and moved there.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, Manigault participated in the Battle of Fort Sumter. He was a colonel of the 10th South Carolina Regiment, and helped construct the batteries for the defense of Winyah Bay in Georgetown County. In March 1862, he was ordered to dismantle the coastal batteries and to ship the guns to Charleston. In April 1862, he was commanded to take his troops and report to General P. G. T. Beauregard with the Army of Mississippi.
In northern Mississippi, Manigault saw action during the Siege of Corinth. Afterward, he served with the reorganized Army of Tennessee and saw action at the Battles of Stone's River and of Chickamauga. He was present during the Battle of Missionary Ridge. During the late spring and summer of 1864, he participated in the Atlanta Campaign.
On April 26, 1863, he was promoted to brigadier general. During the war, he was wounded twice: first in Georgia at the Battle of Resaca in May 1864, and then at the Second Battle of Franklin during November 1864. His second injury prevented his return to active service.
After the war, Manigault returned to manage his rice plantation in South Carolina. From 1880 to 1886, he served as the Adjutant and Inspector General of South Carolina. He died in Georgetown County, South Carolina in 1886 and is buried in the Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston.
- List of American Civil War generals
- Stones River Confederate order of battle
- Chickamauga Confederate order of battle
- Franklin II Confederate order of battle
- List of Huguenots
- Wakelyn, Biographical Dictionary, pp. 308-309.
- Official Records, Series 1, Vol. 1, p. 34; Vol. 6, pp. 268-69, 285, 417-418, 433-34.
- Eicher, The Longest Night, p. 610.
- Owens and Owens, Generals at Rest, p. 199.
- Eicher, David J. (2001). The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-84944-5.
- Owen, Richard; James Owen (1997). Generals at Rest: The Grave Sites of the 425 Official Confederate Generals. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Co. ISBN 1-57249-045-4.
- US Department of War (1880–1901). The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Government Printing Office.
- Wakelyn, Jon L. (1977). Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-8371-6124-X.