Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Carnock
Arthur Nicolson.jpg
Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock
British Ambassador to Spain
In office
Monarch Alfonso XIII of Spain
Preceded by Edwin Henry Egerton
Succeeded by Maurice William Ernest de Bunsen
British Ambassador to Russia
In office
Monarch Nicholas II of Russia
Preceded by Sir Charles Hardinge
Succeeded by Sir George Buchanan
Personal details
Born 19 September 1849
Died 5 November 1928 (1928-11-06) (aged 79)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Mary Katherine Hamilton
Children Frederick Archibald Nicolson (1883–1952)
Erskine Nicolson (1884–1982)
Harold Nicolson (1886–1968)
Alma mater Oxford University
Occupation Diplomat

Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock, GCB GCMG GCVO KCIE (19 September 1849 – 5 November 1928), known as Sir Arthur Nicolson, 11th Baronet, from 1899 to 1916, was a British diplomat and politician during the last quarter of the 19th century to the middle of World War I.

Early life[edit]

He was the eldest son of Admiral Sir Frederick Nicolson, 10th Baronet by his wife Mary Loch. Educated at Rugby and Brasenose College, Oxford, where he left without taking a degree, he succeeded his father as Baronet in 1899.[1]

Career summary[edit]

Sir A. Nicolson, British Ambassador to Russia

In 1916 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Carnock, of Carnock in the County of Stirling.


Nicolson married, in 1882, Mary Katherine Hamilton, daughter of Captain Archibald Rowan Hamilton, of Killyleagh Castle, Co. Down, and thus a descendant of Archibald Hamilton Rowan (1751–1834).[1] They had three sons, Frederick Archibald Nicolson (1883–1952), who succeeded him as 2nd Baron Carnock; Erskine Nicolson (1884–1982), who became the 3rd Baron Carnock; and Sir Harold Nicolson (1886–1968), the writer and husband of Vita Sackville-West.



  1. ^ a b c CARNOCK, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007
  2. ^ "No. 27329". The London Gazette. 2 July 1901. p. 4399. 
  3. ^ "Court and Social". The Times (36493). London. 28 June 1901. p. 10. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Harold Nicolson. Sir Arthur Nicolson: First Lord Carnock. A Study In The Old Diplomacy (1930) online

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst
Permanent Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Carnock Succeeded by
Frederick Archibald Nicolson
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Nicolson
(of Carnock)
Succeeded by
Frederick Archibald Nicolson