Arthur Ray Hawkins
|Arthur Ray Hawkins|
LT (jg) Ray Hawkins in his F-6F Hellcat
December 12, 1922|
|Died||March 21, 2004
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Commands held||Naval Air Station Atsugi|
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Navy Cross (3)
Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Air Medal (3)
|Other work||National Museum of Naval Aviation|
Hawkins was born in Zavalla, Texas on 12 December 1922. At the age of 19 in 1942, he joined the Navy after the death of his brother, a United States Army Air Force fighter pilot, who was shot down in the South Pacific.
He was designated a Naval Aviator and commissioned an ensign on 1 January 1943. He was then attached to Fighter Squadron 31 (VF-31) aboard the aircraft carrier USS Cabot (CVL-28) from January to October 1944.
While flying from Cabot in 1944, Hawkins was credited with 14 confirmed and three probable kills, all while flying F6F Hellcats. His first victory was near Truk on 29 April 1944 when, seconds after launch from Cabot, he shot down an attacking Japanese torpedo bomber. He subsequently shot down three enemy aircraft on 19 June during the Battle of the Philippine Sea's "Marianas Turkey Shoot," one on 8 July during the Battle of Guam, five on 13 September near Mindanao in the Philippine Islands, and four on 21 September during the Battle of Luzon in the Philippines.
Hawkins volunteered for a second tour of duty aboard USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) from June 1945 through October 1945, when VF-31 was dissolved. Hawkins' war record included destroying 39 aircraft on the ground and assisting in the sinking of a battleship. He was awarded the Navy Cross three times, the Distinguished Flying Cross three times, and three Air Medals.
After World War II, Lieutenant Hawkins flew with the U.S. Navy Blue Angels flight demonstration team from 1948 to 1950, flying the Grumman F8F Bearcat piston-engine fighter and later the Grumman F9F-2 Panther jet fighter.
When the Korean War broke out in 1950, the Blue Angels were dissolved, with the majority of the pilots forming Fighter Squadron 191 (VF-191), nicknamed "Satan's Kittens". Hawkins served as the squadron's executive officer, flying 40 combat missions from the deck of USS Princeton (CV-37), and participating in the first carrier-based jet bombing mission of the war.
After the Korean War, the Blue Angels were re-formed, and Lieutenant Commander Hawkins was recalled to serve as their flight leader from 1952 through 1953. During this time, he was the first pilot to survive an ejection from a supersonic aircraft. He was inverted (upside down) and somewhere between 25,000 feet (7620 meters) and 32,000 feet (9750 meters) in altitude at the time he ejected. Since he could not reach the pre-ejection lever due to his inverted position, his canopy did not separate and he ejected through the canopy, possibly becoming the first pilot to do that as well.
In the 1960s, Hawkins commanded Naval Air Station Atsugi in Japan, where he worked to recover Japanese family artifacts lost during World War II. For this work, he was awarded the Emperor of Japan Third Order of the Sacred Treasure, which is the highest Japanese award ever given to a foreign military officer.
His daughter, Jill Hawkins Votaw, followed in his footsteps and was commissioned as an Ensign in the U.S. Navy, graduating in 1980 from the United States Naval Academy as a member of the first class to graduate from the Academy that included women. She retired from the Naval Reserve as a Captain in 2010.
Hawkins died on 21 March 2004 in Pensacola, Florida.
- Tillman, B.; Styling, M. (1996). Hellcat Aces of World War 2. Osprey Aerospace. p. 48. ISBN 9781855325968. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Lieutenant Ray Hawkins Navy Ace with 14 aerial victories". vf31.com. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "2005". ejection-history.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- Wilcox, R.K. (2004). First Blue: The Story of World War II Ace Butch Voris and the Creation of the Blue Angels. St. Martin's Press. pp. 2–237. ISBN 9780312322496. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "BLUE ANGEL EJECTS AT HIGH SPEED", Naval Aviation News October, 1952, republished at http://www.blueangels.org/NANews/Articles/Oct53/Oct53.htm
- Dorr, Robert F. "Arthur “Hawk” Hawkins Was Navy Air Ace and Blue Angels Pioneer", Defense Media Network December 21, 2012 at http://www.defensemedianetwork.com/stories/arthur-hawk-hawkins-was-navy-air-ace-and-blue-angels-pioneer/