Arthur Samuel, 1st Baron Mancroft

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Samuel in 1920

Arthur Michael Samuel, 1st Baron Mancroft (6 December 1872 – 17 August 1942) was a British Conservative politician.

Background[edit]

Lord Mancroft was the eldest son of Benjamin Samuel, of Norwich (19 April 1840 – 16 April 1890) and Rosetta Haldinstein (died 29 April 1907, daughter of Philip Haldinstein and wife Rachel Soman), and grandson of Michael Samuel (1799–1857), all of them Ashkenazi Jews.

Early life[edit]

He was educated at Norwich School.[1] He was Lord Mayor of Norwich from 1912 to 1913 and was made an Honorary Freeman of the City of Norwich in 1928.

Member of Parliament[edit]

In 1918 he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Farnham, a seat he would hold until 1937, and served under Stanley Baldwin as Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1924 to 1927 and as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1927 to 1929. He was also chairman of the Public Accounts Committee of the House of Commons in 1930 and 1931. Samuel was created a Baronet, of Mancroft, in the City of Norwich in the County of Norfolk, on 15 January 1932,[2] and on 23 December 1937, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Mancroft, of Mancroft (referring to the area around St Peter Mancroft church) in the City of Norwich.[3]

Family[edit]

Lord Mancroft married Phoebe Fletcher, daughter of George Alfred Chune Fletcher and wife, in 1912. He died in August 1942, aged 69, and was succeeded in the baronetcy and barony by his son Stormont Mancroft, 2nd Baron Mancroft. He was also to become a Conservative government minister.

The papers of Lord Mancroft are in the Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.[4]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1872-1918: Mr Arthur Samuel
  • 1918-1932: Mr Arthur Samuel MP
  • 1932-1937: Sir Arthur Samuel Bt MP
  • 1937-1942: The Right Honourable The Lord Mancroft[a]
  1. ^ Although The Lord Mancroft was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of Bt is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who's Who 1938, page 2220
  2. ^ "no. 33791". The London Gazette. 19 January 1932. p. 419. 
  3. ^ "no. 34375". The London Gazette. 26 February 1937. p. 1324. 
  4. ^ http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/db/node.xsp?id=EAD%2FGBR%2F0014%2FMNCR
  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
(new constituency)
Member of Parliament for Farnham
19181937
Succeeded by
Godfrey Nicholson
Political offices
Preceded by
William Lunn
Secretary for Overseas Trade
1924–1927
Succeeded by
Douglas Hacking
Preceded by
Ronald McNeill
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1927–1929
Succeeded by
Frederick Pethick-Lawrence
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Mancroft
1937–1942
Succeeded by
Stormont Mancroft Samuel Mancroft