|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
Arthur Malcolm Stace (9 February 1885 – 30 July 1967), otherwise known as Mr Eternity, was an Australian eccentric and soldier, a reformed alcoholic who converted to Christianity and spread his form of gospel by writing the word "Eternity" in copperplate style with chalk on footpaths in and around Sydney, from Martin Place to Parramatta over a period of approximately 35 years, from 1932 to 1967.
Stace was born in Redfern, New South Wales, in inner west Sydney on 9 February 1885. The fifth child of William Wood Stace, from Mauritius and Laura Stace (née Lewis), a child of alcoholics, he was brought up in poverty. In order to survive, he resorted to stealing bread and milk and searching for scraps of food in bins. By the age of 12, Stace, with virtually no formal schooling, and working in a coal mine had become a ward of the state. As a teenager, he became an alcoholic and was subsequently sent to jail at 15. Afterwards, he worked as a "cockatoo" or a look-out for a Two-up "school". In his twenties, he was a scout for his sisters' brothels. In March 1916, at age 32, whilst working as labourer he enlisted for World War I with the Australian Imperial Force 19th Battalion 5th Brigade AIF, entering with the 16th Reinforcements, service number 5934. He suffered recurring bouts of bronchitis and pleurisy, which led to his medical discharge on 2 April 1919.
Conversion to Christianity
Stace converted to Christianity on the night of 6 August 1930, after hearing an inspirational sermon by the Reverend R. B. S. Hammond at St. Barnabas Church, Broadway. Inspired by the words, he became enamoured of the notion of eternity. Two years later, on 14 November 1932, Stace was further inspired by the preaching of evangelist John G. Ridley MC, on "The Echoes of Eternity" from Isaiah 57:15:
For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth Eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Reverend John Ridley's words, "Eternity, Eternity, I wish that I could sound or shout that word to everyone in the streets of Sydney. You've got to meet it, where will you spend Eternity?" proved crucial in Stace's decision to tell others about his faith. In an interview, Stace said, "Eternity went ringing through my brain and suddenly I began crying and felt a powerful call from the Lord to write Eternity." Even though he was illiterate and could hardly write his own name Arthur, legibly, "the word 'Eternity' came out smoothly, in a beautiful copperplate script. I couldn't understand it, and I still can't."
After eight or nine years, he tried to write something else, "Obey God" and then five years later, "God or Sin" but he could not bring himself to stop writing the word "Eternity".
The Sydney City Council brought him to the attention of the police as they had rules about the defacing of pavements, so much so that he narrowly avoided arrest around twenty-four times. Each time he was caught, he responded with, "But I had permission from a higher source".
Several mornings a week for the next 35 years, Stace left his wife, Pearl Stace (born as Ellen Esther Dawson) and their home in Bulwarra Road, Pyrmont around 5am to go around the streets of Sydney and chalk the word "Eternity" on footpaths, train station entrances and anywhere else he could think of. It is estimated that he wrote the word around 500,000 times over the 35 years. Workers arriving in the city would see the word freshly written, but not the writer, and so, "The man who writes Eternity" became a legend in Sydney. The mystery was solved when Reverend Lisle M. Thompson, who preached at the church where Stace worked as a cleaner, saw him take a piece of chalk from his pocket and write the word on the footpath. Thompson wrote about Stace's life and an interview was published in the Sydney Sunday Telegraph on 21 June 1956.
In 1963, photographer Trevor Dallen cornered Arthur and asked to take a few pictures of him writing his famous phrase. After four photos, Trevor ran out of film and asked for Stace to stay put while he got more film. Upon Trevor's return, Stace was gone.
After his wife Pearl died in 1961, he left the Sydney suburb of Pyrmont in 1965 and moved to a nursing home in Hammondville, Sydney where he died of a stroke on the 30 July 1967 at the age of 82. He bequeathed his body to the University of Sydney; subsequently, his remains were buried with those of his wife at Botany Cemetery in the Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park (General 15, no. 729) around two years later.
The National Museum of Australia in Canberra holds one of only two existing original 'Eternity' inscriptions by Stace. He chalked it on a piece of cardboard for a fellow parishioner. The museum also has an Eternity gallery, inspired by Stace's story. The gallery features 50 personal stories from ordinary and extraordinary Australians. Each individual feature tells a separate story, anchored by a significant object.The stories are tied together by emotional themes including joy, hope, passion, mystery, thrill, loneliness fear, devotion, separation and chance, which are all elements of Stace's story.
In Sydney the word "Eternity" can still be seen written in three places, of which only one is original:
- Inside the bell in the Sydney General Post Office clock tower, which had been dismantled during World War II. When the clock tower was rebuilt in the 1960s, the bell was brought out of storage and as the workmen were installing it they noticed, inside, the word "Eternity" in Stace's chalk. This is the only surviving "Eternity" by Stace's own hand in Sydney. (No one ever found out how Stace had been able to get to the bell, which had been sealed up).
- On Stace's grave in Botany Cemetery.
- In Town Hall Square, between St Andrew's Cathedral and the Sydney Town Hall. When the area was redeveloped in the 1970s, a wrought aluminium replica of the word in Stace's original copperplate handwriting was embedded in the footpath near a waterfall as an eternal memorial to Stace.
As a tribute to the man known as Mr Eternity, the Sydney Harbour Bridge was lit up with the word "Eternity" as part of the celebrations for the beginning of the year 2000 Sydney New Year's Eve celebrations, as well as part of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games Opening Ceremony, at the celebration of the XXVII Olympiad. This was done to not only celebrate Arthur Stace's achievements, but to celebrate the new millennium.
Four known photographs of Stace were taken by Trevor Dallen for Sydney's The Sun newspaper. Dallen took the pictures in the former Fairfax building on Broadway, Sydney. A photo of Arthur Stace, at his desk in the Hammond Hotel in Chippendale is in the archives of the HammondCare charity and was published in "Faith in Action: HammondCare", a 2013 history of the charity.
- "Eternity: Stories from the emotional heart of Australia". National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Cunneen, Chris. "Stace, Arthur Malcolm (1885–1967)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
Arthur Malcolm Stace (1885-1967), pavement scribe, was born on 9 February 1885 at Redfern, Sydney, ...
- "Arthur 'Mr Eternity' Stace (1884–1967)". johngridley.org. 2000. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Sign with the word "Eternity" written in white chalk on a piece of cardboard painted with blackboard paint". Stan Levit collection. National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
This is one of only two examples of Arthur Stace's Eternity still in existence.
- Storry, Julie (27 March 2012). "Taphophile Tragics # 14 -From the Demon-drink to Eternity". sydney-eye.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Storry, Julie (27 March 2012). "Stace's Grave". sydney-eye.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Storry, Julie (27 March 2012). "Inscribed stone slab at foot of Stace's Grave". sydney-eye.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Making your life count for eternity". Anglican Church League (http://acl.asn.au). 2 January 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Picture of "Eternity" at Sydney Town Hall Square waterfall". Making your life count for eternity. Anglican Church League. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Dennis, Anthony (1 January 2000). "Millennium dawns". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Digital). Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Powderbomb Website[dead link]
- Eternity (1990) by Martin Sharp, National Gallery of Australia
- McCallum, Peter (24 January 2005). "The Eternity Man". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Limelight, January 2009, p. 35
- Lake, Meredith (February 2013). Faith in Action: HammondCare (HARDBACK) (1 ed.). University of New South Wales Press. p. 2. ISBN 978174223 364 2. Retrieved 23 December 2014. ePDF ISBN 978174224 616 1
- "Dictionary of Sydney", 2008. Resources by Shirley Fitzgerald
- The Life & Legacy of Mr Eternity, resources by Peter Rahme
- From the battlefield to saving souls SMH story, 11 November 2009.
- Listen to the song "Mr Eternity" by Jim Low and read the article, "Mr Eternity: Arthur Stace" simplyaustralia.net. ISSN 1446-2033
- Mr Eternity, an interview with Arthur Stace at www.mreternity.info
- The Life & Legacy of Mr Eternity – The song by Peter Rahme