Arthur Malcolm Stace
|Born||9 February 1885|
|Died||30 July 1967(aged 82)|
|Resting place||Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park|
Arthur Malcolm Stace (9 February 1885 – 30 July 1967), known as Mr Eternity, was an Australian soldier. He was an alcoholic from his teenage years until the early 1930s, when he converted to Christianity and began to spread his message by inscribing the word "Eternity" in copperplate writing with yellow chalk on footpaths and doorsteps in and around Sydney, from Martin Place to Parramatta, from 1932 to his death in 1967. He has become somewhat of a legend in the local folklore of the city, and the story of his life has inspired books, museum exhibits, statues, an opera, and a film.
Stace was born in Redfern, New South Wales, in inner west Sydney on 9 February 1885. The fifth child of William Wood Stace, from Mauritius and Laura Stace (née Lewis), a child of alcoholics, he was brought up in poverty. In order to survive, he resorted to stealing bread and milk and searching for scraps of food in bins. By the age of 12, Stace, with virtually no formal schooling, and working in a coal mine, had become a ward of the state. As a teenager, he became an alcoholic and was subsequently sent to jail at 15. Afterwards, he worked as a "cockatoo" or a look-out for a Two-up "school". In his twenties, he was a scout for his sisters' brothels. In March 1916, at age 32, while working as labourer he enlisted for World War I with the Australian Imperial Force 19th Battalion 5th Brigade AIF, entering with the 16th Reinforcements, service number 5934. He suffered recurring bouts of bronchitis and pleurisy, which led to his medical discharge on 2 April 1919.
Conversion to Christianity
Stace converted to Christianity on the night of 6 August 1930, after hearing an inspirational sermon by the Reverend R. B. S. Hammond at St. Barnabas Church, Broadway. Inspired by the words, he became enamoured of the notion of eternity. Two years later, on 14 November 1932, Stace was further inspired by the preaching of evangelist John G. Ridley MC, on "The Echoes of Eternity" from Isaiah 57:15:
For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth Eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Reverend John Ridley's words, "Eternity, Eternity, I wish that I could sound or shout that word to everyone in the streets of Sydney. You've got to meet it, where will you spend Eternity?" proved crucial in Stace's decision to tell others about his faith. In an interview, Stace said, "Eternity went ringing through my brain and suddenly I began crying and felt a powerful call from the Lord to write Eternity." Even though he was illiterate and could hardly write his own name legibly, "the word 'Eternity' came out smoothly, in a beautiful copperplate script. I couldn't understand it, and I still can't."
Several mornings a week for the next 35 years, Stace woke at 4am to go around the streets of Sydney and chalk the word "Eternity" on footpaths, doorsteps railway station entrances, and anywhere else he could think of. Workers arriving in the city would see the word freshly written, but not the writer, and "The man who writes Eternity" became a legend in Sydney. The Sydney City Council brought him to the attention of the police as they had rules about the defacing of pavements, so much so that he narrowly avoided arrest about twenty-four times. Each time he was caught, he responded with, "But I had permission from a higher source". After eight or nine years, he tried to write something else, "Obey God" and then five years later, "God or Sin" but he could not bring himself to stop writing the word "Eternity".
After a period of homelessness, Stace found work as a caretaker and cleaner at the city offices of the Australian Red Cross and his local church, Burton Street Baptist Tabernacle. He also volunteered for decades as a social worker, assisting the unemployed, addicted, and mentally ill, both through his work for Anglican minister Robert Brodribb Hammond, and later of his own volition. In 1942, at the age of 57, Stace married his partner, Ellen Esther "Pearl" Dawson, after she proposed to him, and the couple moved to 12 Bulwara Road, Pyrmont.
The mystery of "Mr Eternity" was solved after 27 years when Reverend Lisle M. Thompson, who preached at the church where Stace worked as a caretaker, saw him take a piece of chalk from his pocket and write the word on the footpath. Thompson wrote about Stace's life and an interview was published in the Sydney Sunday Telegraph on 21 June 1956.
In 1963, photographer Trevor Dallen cornered Stace and asked to take a few pictures of him writing his famous phrase. After four photos, Dallen ran out of film and asked Stace to stay put while he got more, but upon his return, Stace had gone.
It is estimated that he wrote the word "Eternity" over half a million times over the 35 years.
After his wife Pearl died in 1961, Stace left the Sydney suburb of Pyrmont in 1965 and moved to a nursing home in Hammondville in Sydney's south, where he died of a stroke on the 30 July 1967 at the age of 82. He bequeathed his body to the University of Sydney; subsequently, his remains were buried with those of his wife at Botany Cemetery in the Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park (General 15, Row 20, no. 729) about two years later.
The National Museum of Australia in Canberra holds one of only two existing original 'Eternity' inscriptions by Stace. He chalked it on a piece of cardboard for a fellow parishioner. The museum also has an Eternity gallery, inspired by Stace's story. The gallery features 50 personal stories from ordinary and extraordinary Australians. Each individual feature tells a separate story, anchored by a significant object. The stories are tied together by emotional themes including joy, hope, passion, mystery, thrill, loneliness, fear, devotion, separation and chance, which are all elements of Stace's story.
In Sydney the word "Eternity" can be seen written in a few places, of which only one is original:
- Inside the bell in the Sydney General Post Office clock tower, which had been dismantled during World War II. When the clock tower was rebuilt in the 1960s, the bell was brought out of storage and as the workmen were installing it they noticed, inside, the word "Eternity" in Stace's chalk. This is the only surviving "Eternity" by Stace's own hand in Sydney. How Stace had been able to get to the bell, which had been sealed up, remains unclear.
- On Stace's grave in Botany Cemetery.
- Eternity Cafe (In Town Hall Square between St Andrew's Cathedral and the Sydney Town Hall) was named after Stace's one word sermon. When the area was redeveloped in the 1970s, a wrought aluminium replica of the word in Stace's original copperplate handwriting was embedded in the footpath near a waterfall as a memorial to Stace.
- The Eternity Playhouse, a theatre named in Stace's honour, at Darlinghurst, the former Burton Street Tabernacle.
- Above the entrance to the Eternity Cafe in Central railway station, Sydney, which was also named in his honour.
The heritage-listed Burton Street Tabernacle was restored by the City of Sydney and transformed into a theatre. It was named the Eternity Playhouse on 5 December 2011 in tribute to Arthur Stace. His famous "Eternity" script is replicated on the marquee and throughout the theatre.
As a tribute to the man known as Mr Eternity, the Sydney Harbour Bridge was lit up with the word "Eternity" as part of the celebrations for the beginning of the year 2000 Sydney New Year's Eve celebrations, as well as part of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games Opening Ceremony, at the celebration of the XXVII Olympiad. This was done to not only celebrate Arthur Stace's achievements, but to celebrate the new millennium.
The Eternity Man is an opera based on Stace's life, written by the Australian composer Jonathan Mills to a libretto by Dorothy Porter. This was adapted in 2008 into a film directed by Julien Temple.
Four known photographs of Stace were taken by Trevor Dallen for Sydney's The Sun newspaper. Dallen took the pictures in the former Fairfax building on Broadway. A photo of Arthur Stace, at his desk in the Hammond Hotel in Chippendale is in the archives of the HammondCare charity and was published in "Faith in Action: HammondCare", a 2013 history of the charity.
- Cunneen, Chris. "Stace, Arthur Malcolm (1885–1967)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
Arthur Malcolm Stace (1885-1967), pavement scribe, was born on 9 February 1885 at Redfern, Sydney, ...
- "Eternity: Stories from the emotional heart of Australia". National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Fitzgerald, Shirley (2008). "Stace, Arthur". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- Murphy, Damien (30 July 2017). "Eternity: How Arthur Stace's handwritten chalk message became a symbol of Sydney". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- "Arthur Stace "Mr Eternity" Memorial". ESMP. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
- "Mr Eternity – Arthur Stace DIDUNO". diduno.info. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Mr Eternity: The Arthur Stace Story - #mreternity - Bible Society Australia". Bible Society. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Arthur 'Mr Eternity' Stace (1884–1967)". johngridley.org. 2000. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Making your life count for eternity". Anglican Church League, Sydney, Australia. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Mr Eternity Footnotes" (PDF). Acorn Press. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Sign with the word "Eternity" written in white chalk on a piece of cardboard painted with blackboard paint". Stan Levit collection. National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
This is one of only two examples of Arthur Stace's Eternity still in existence.
- Storry, Julie (27 March 2012). "Taphophile Tragics # 14 -From the Demon-drink to Eternity". sydney-eye.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Storry, Julie (27 March 2012). "Stace's Grave". sydney-eye.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Storry, Julie (27 March 2012). "Inscribed stone slab at foot of Stace's Grave". sydney-eye.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Making your life count for eternity". Anglican Church League (http://acl.asn.au). 2 January 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Picture of "Eternity" at Sydney Town Hall Square waterfall". Making your life count for eternity. Anglican Church League. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Eternity Playhouse restoration". City of Sydney.
- Dennis, Anthony (1 January 2000). "Millennium dawns". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Digital. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Powderbomb Website Archived November 8, 2002, at the Wayback Machine
- Eternity (1990) by Martin Sharp, National Gallery of Australia
- McCallum, Peter (24 January 2005). "The Eternity Man". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Limelight, January 2009, p. 35
- Lake, Meredith (February 2013). Faith in Action: HammondCare (Hardback) (1 ed.). University of New South Wales Press. p. 2. ISBN 978174223-364-2. Retrieved 23 December 2014. ePDF ISBN 978174224 616 1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arthur Stace.|
- "Mr Eternity: The Story of Arthur Stace" written by Roy Williams with Elizabeth Meyers, Acorn Press, 2017.
- "How an illiterate alcoholic impacted a whole city for eternity" by Tim Costello, Eternity News, 20 July 2017
- "From the battlefield to saving souls" by Pauline Conolly, The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 November 2009
- "The Life & Legacy of Mr Eternity", resources by Peter Rahme
- "Mr Eternity: Arthur Stace" by Jim Low, simplyaustralia.net
- Mr Eternity, an interview with Arthur Stace at www.mreternity.info