Arthur Wynne (British Army officer)

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Sir Arthur Wynne
Arthurwynne.jpg
Gen. Sir Arthur Wynne
Born (1846-03-05)5 March 1846
Died 6 February 1936(1936-02-06) (aged 89)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1863–1911
Rank General
Commands held 10th Division
6th Division
Battles/wars Second Anglo-Afghan War
Mahdist War
Second Boer War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Arthur Singleton Wynne, GCB (5 March 1846 – 6 February 1936) was a senior British Army officer who went on to be Military Secretary.

Military career[edit]

Wynne was commissioned into the 51st Regiment of Foot in 1863.[1] He became Adjutant of his Regiment in 1868.[2]

In 1877 he became Superintendent of Army Signalling during the Iowaki campaign.[1] He served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War from 1878 and was Commander of Field Telegraphs with the Karum Valley Field Force.[1] In 1885 he was decorated for service in Sudan[3] and by 1889 he was Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at Army Headquarters.[4]

By 1891 he was Assistant Adjutant-General at the Curragh.[5] He joined the General Staff at Malta and then transferred to Aldershot.[1]

He served in the Second Boer War and was made Deputy Adjutant-General for the Natal Field Force in South Africa[1] and after the Battle of Spion Kop he was given command of the 11th infantry brigade in place of General Edward Woodgate who was killed.[6][7] During the Battle of the Tugela Heights in February 1900 Wynne was himself slightly injured,[8] and his command was given to Colonel Walter Kitchener.[9] After recovering, he was appointed in command of the Cape Colony District until his return to the United Kingdom in early 1902.[10] He was mentioned in despatches (including by Lord Kitchener dated 23 June 1902[11]). Following his return to the United Kingdom, he was appointed Deputy Adjutant-General to the Forces on 14 May 1902,[12] General Officer Commanding 10th Division within IV Army Corps and General Officer Commanding Eastern District in 1904 and General Officer Commanding 6th Division in 1905.[13] He went on to be Military Secretary in 1906.[14]

In retirement he was promoted general and became Keeper of the Jewel House, holding the office from 1911 to 1917.[15] From 1913 to 1927 he also held the colonelcy of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry.

He lived at Haybergill near Warcop and served as Deputy Lieutenant of Westmoreland.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Brigadier-General Wynne Thames Star, 1900
  2. ^ "No. 23386". The London Gazette. 2 June 1868. p. 3124. 
  3. ^ "No. 25515". The London Gazette. 29 September 1885. p. 4557. 
  4. ^ "No. 25946". The London Gazette. 18 June 1889. p. 3289. 
  5. ^ "No. 26167". The London Gazette. 30 May 1891. p. 2922. 
  6. ^ Churchill, W.S. London to Ladysmith via Pretoria, London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1900, ch. XX
  7. ^ "The War – Appointments". The Times (36056). London. 3 February 1900. p. 12. 
  8. ^ "The War - Casualties". The Times (36075). London. 26 February 1900. p. 10. 
  9. ^ Churchill, W.S. London to Ladysmith via Pretoria, London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1900, ch. XXII
  10. ^ "No. 27408". The London Gazette. 18 February 1902. p. 1037. 
  11. ^ "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4837. 
  12. ^ "No. 27433". The London Gazette. 13 May 1902. p. 3179. 
  13. ^ Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "No. 28034". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 June 1907. p. 4430. 
  15. ^ "No. 28539". The London Gazette. 6 October 1911. p. 7281. 
  16. ^ "No. 32518". The London Gazette. 15 November 1921. p. 9058. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Herbert Plumer
GOC Eastern District and 10th Division
(renamed 6th Division in 1905)

1904–1906
Succeeded by
Theodore Stephenson
Preceded by
Sir John Spencer Ewart
Military Secretary
1906–1911
Succeeded by
Sir William Franklyn