Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights

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Article 4 of the European Convention on Human Rights prohibits slavery and forced labour. Conscription, national service, prison labour, service exacted in cases of emergency or calamity, and "normal civic obligations" are excepted from these definitions.

Violations found[edit]

  • Siliadin v. France, application No. 73316/01 (adjudicated in 2005; case of servitude and forced or compulsory labour)
  • Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia, application No. 25965/04 (adjudicated in 2010; case of human trafficking)
  • C. N. and V. v. France, application No. 67724/09 (adjudicated in 2012)
  • C. N. v. the United Kingdom, application No. 4239/08 (adjudicated in 2012)
  • Chitos v. Greece application No. 51637/12 (adjudicated in 2015)
  • L. E. v. Greece, application No. 71545/12 (adjudicated in 2016)
  • Chowdury and Others v. Greece, application No. 21884/15 (adjudicated in 2017)


Harris, David; O'Boyle, Michael; Warbrick, Colin (2014). Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (3rd ed.). Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 279–286. ISBN 978-0-19-960639-9. 


See also[edit]

External links[edit]