|Birth name||Arthur Auerbach|
May 17, 1903|
New York City, NY
|Died||October 3, 1957
Van Nuys, California, U.S.
|Show||The Jack Benny Program
The Abbott and Costello Show
Arthur (Artie) Auerbach (May 17, 1903 – October 3, 1957), was an American comic actor and professional photographer who became famous as "Mr. Kitzel", first on the Al Pearce radio show in 1937 then as a regular on the Jack Benny radio show for 12 years. He also worked with Phil Baker before joining the Jack Benny Show.
Artie Auerbach had a successful career as a reporter and photographer for the New York tabloid Daily Mirror and the New York Daily News. Among the more famous stories he covered were the Lindbergh kidnapping and the Hall–Mills murder case. Reportedly, he once took an illegal picture of a person in the electric chair. While a photographer, Auerbach had become very popular at private parties by telling Yiddish anecdotes. It was during his days as a press photographer when Auerbach had the inspiration for the character that would prove to give him his greatest fame. He was on an assignment at a Bronx drug store when he heard a voice singing a popular song of the time, "Yes, Sir, That's My Baby" with a strong Yiddish dialect and he loved the voice and personality. He would take that character and evolve it into the lovable and laughable Mr. Kitzel. Auerbach and the druggist who inspired the character, Maurice Adollf, became long-time close friends. Auerbach described Adollf as "a wealthy man who had found peace of mind ... the thing we are all battling to find." When Auerbach began to find work as a comedian, he didn't quit the newspaper, but simply took a leave of absence. However, even by 1941, despite then appearing regularly on various radio programs, he still felt insecure about his future in show business and asked his newspaper for his seventh consecutive leave of absence.
Auerbach's career in show business began when he was discovered by Phil Baker who loved his dialect humor. Auerbach was a master of some 30 dialects. Baker introduced Auerbach to Lew Brown, and in 1934 he made his stage debut in the Broadway revue Calling All Stars as a hillbilly. Auerbach had first submitted comedy sketches for Brown with the intention of selling the material. However, Brown agreed to use them only if Auerbach performed them himself. It was at the point the character of Mr. Kitzel, which means "to tickle or make laugh" in Yiddish, was first performed.
Auerbach was then cast in the hugely popular radio program The Goldbergs and its predecessor House of Glass (1935). His work included, a regular role on the CBS The Wonder Show (the sponsor was Wonder Bread) with Lucille Ball, Gale Gordon and Jack Haley in 1938 and appearing as Mr. Kitzel on both The Abbott and Costello Show and in the 1943 film Here Comes Elmer which featured the cast of the Al Pearce radio program. During World War Two he performed overseas with the USO. However, it was his appearances on the Jack Benny Show which brought Auerbach his greatest fame.
The Jack Benny Show
The Jack Benny Show had previously included a Jewish-accented character, "Shlepperman," played by Sam Hearn, but it was discontinued in the late 1930s. In 1946 Auerbach was hired as a permanent, although only occasional, character, Mr. Kitzel (sometimes spelled "Kitzle "). In January he made his first appearance as a hot dog vendor at the Rose Bowl game Jack was attending. His appearance went over so well with the audience and Benny himself that he returned the next week. As the hot dog vendor he became famous for the catch phrase "The pickle in the middle with the mustard on top." In 1946 this catch phrase was turned into a novelty song, written by Jack Benny Show writer John Tackaberry and songwriter Carl Sigman, featuring Auerbach as the singer. With the lyrics "The pickle in the middle with the mustard on top. Just the way you like them and they're all red hot.", the song became popular in the late 1940s. The song led to his being named Man of the Year by the National Pickle Packers Association. His other catch phrase was the exclamation "hoo hoo, hooo!" usually delivered in response to a question from Jack. Auerbach's Mr. Kitzel was unique among the characters on the show as being the only one not to treat Jack disparagingly. His character moved with the show when it made the transition from radio to television and he continued to appear until his death.
A typical Benny-Kitzel exchange:
- Mr. Kitzel: I'll never forget my wedding. When they said "If anyone has any objections to this marriage, speak now or forever hold your peace." a voice from the back hollered "Don't marry her!"
- Jack Benny: Oh, my goodness! Who was it?
- Mr. Kitzel: Me, I'm a ventriloquist.
Personal life and death
Artie Auerbach was born in New York City of Polish descent. His father, Wolfgang, was a dancer in London, England and died at a young age. As a youth, he spoke Yiddish in the family home, but when speaking English he did not have the accent from which he would later become famous. He was self-educated from patronizing the New York Public Library. He had two sisters.
Ed Sullivan's column of March 29, 1938 announced that Auerbach would be marrying Cleo Manning (later Cleo Morgan then Smith). A young actress, Manning achieved some notoriety when she made her screen debut by being kissed by Clark Gable in the 1941 film Honky Tonk. Cleo Manning's cousin, Lucille Ball, at the time a blonde RKO star, interceded in the marriage, because Manning was not of age. They were at the license bureau when Ball persuaded them to wait. Auerbach and Manning were later married.
Auerbach's second wife, Doris, was much younger than he, and they never had children.
On October 3, 1957 Artie Auerbach died of a heart attack at 54 years of age in Van Nuys, California. He had entered the West Valley Community Hospital the previous day as an emergency patient. On the same day that he died, Auerbach had been scheduled to begin rehearsals for a part on the Jack Benny television show. He was survived by his wife, Doris, and two sisters.
In popular culture
- Variety Obituaries, 1905–1986. 1957. Daily Variety, Ltd. Oct 9, 1957. ISBN 0-8240-0839-1.
- "Mr. Kitzel of Benny's TV, Radio Shows, Dies". Los Angeles Times. October 4, 1957. p. B1.
- "Stage and Screen". Pittsburgh-Post Gazette. Oct 26, 1934. p. 21.
- Tee, Freddie (Dec 16, 1938). "Art You Listening?". The Buckingham Post. 43 (31). Buckingham Que. p. 3.
- Shelly Lester (January–April 2003). "family". The Jack Benny Times. XVIII (1–2). International Jack Benny Fan Club. p. 9.
- Arlene Garber (October 5, 1951). "The Discovery of "Mr. Kitzel"". Radio-TV News.
- "Return With Us Now" (PDF). The Radio Historical Association of Colorado, Inc. Retrieved September 29, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Dixon, Hugh (March 31, 1941). "Hollywood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. Peach Section/entertainment.
- Winchell, Walter (October 18, 1957). "The Characters Following Her". The Spartanburg Herald (Herald-Journal). p. 4.
- Sies, Luther F. (2000). Encyclopedia of Radio Comedy. McFarland & Company Inc. p. 227. ISBN 0-7864-0452-3. note: There were several incarnations of The Goldbergs. House of Glass was the first half-hour version. See page 275
- "Lucy: "The Wonder Show"". lucyfan.com. Retrieved Jan 12, 2010.
- "New Comedy Features Al 'Elmer' Pearce". Register-Guard (Eugene). Feb 27, 1944. p. 13.
- "Ad for Here Comes Elmer". Life. Oct 4, 1943. p. 22.
- Dee, Jay (Feb 3, 1946). "West Coast Radio Log". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 10.
- "Playboy after hours". Playboy. Feb 1966. p. 23.
- "Music Popularity Chart: New Records". The Billboard. May 25, 1946. p. 35.
- "Pickle in the Middle (and the mustard on top) (1946)". San Jose Public Library. Retrieved Dec 5, 2009.
- "Talk of the Trade". The Billboard. 61 (21). May 21, 1949. p. 9.
- Giddins, Gary (2006). Natural selection: Gary Giddins on comedy, film, music, and books. Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-19-517951-4.
- Josefsberg, Milt (1977) "The Jack Benny Show " P.107 Arlington House ISBN 0-87000-347-X
- "Art In Review". Beaver Valley Times (supplement). May 15, 1954. p. 2.
- Sullivan, Ed (Mar 29, 1938). "Sullivan". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 15.
- AP (Nov 29, 1944). "Turkey Day Confuses Lucille Ball's Guest". Miami Daily News. p. 7A.
- "Biography for Cleo Morgan". IMDb. Retrieved Jan 16, 2010.
- Virginia Vale/Western Newspaper Union (July 18, 1941). "Odds and Ends". The Pentwater News. Pentwater, Oceana. p. 2.
- Carroll, Harrison (Mar 30, 1938). "Behind the Lines in Hollywood". The Victoria Advocate. p. 2.
- Arnaz, Desi (1997). A Book. Buccaneer Books. p. 130. ISBN 978-1-56849-254-4.
- AP (Oct 4, 1957). "Member of Benny TV Cast Dies". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1.
- "Mr. Kitzel of Benny's TV, Radio Shows, Dies". Los Angeles Times. October 4, 1957. p. B1.
- *Artie Auerbach on IMDb
- "The Jack Benny Times" (pdf). 2003. Retrieved Jan 13, 2010.
- Artie Auerbach on IMDb
- Video Mr. Kitzel appearance on Jack Benny TV show Sept.15 1953
- Script of Mr. Kitzel appearance on Al Pearce radio show Feb.12, 1942
- Account of Auerbach appearance on "The Wondershow" (1938)