Artificial sunlight is the use of a light source to simulate sunlight where the unique characteristics of sunlight are needed, but where sufficient natural sunlight is not available or is not feasible. A light source used to simulate sunlight is a solar simulator.
Composition of natural sunlight
- Ultraviolet C or (UVC) range: 100-290 nm
- Ultraviolet B or (UVB) range: 290-320 nm
- Ultraviolet A or (UVA) range: 320-400 nm
- Visible range or light: 400-700 nm
- Infrared range. It is further divided into three types on the basis of wavelength:
- Infrared-A: 700-1400 nm
- Infrared-B: 1400-3000 nm
- Infrared-C: 3000-1000000 nm
It has been claimed that artificial light sources that provide the light of the closest possible spectrum as provided by the Sun have beneficial effects on health and productivity. This technology is known as full-spectrum lighting.
Artificial sunlight is found useful in treating and preventing Seasonal affective disorder (also known as winter depression, which brings about depressive symptoms specifically in winter), and Delayed sleep phase syndrome, in which the circadian (day V/s night)-rhythm is disturbed, and the individual tends to fall asleep much later than they would desire.
Different corals in a reef aquarium require different lighting conditions. Most of the corals are symbiotically dependent upon zooxanthellae—a type of algae. It is the zooxanthellae that require light to perform photosynthesis, and they provide the coral polyps with simple carbohydrates. In addition to the above techniques of lighting, a new technique employs light emitting diodes (LEDs). The advantage of this technology is that the various parameters of lighting such as warmth and coolness of color are microprocessor-controlled that make it possible to simulate daybreak, sunset, and even the various phases of moon. However, this technology is relatively expensive. Also, some animals like the Red-eared slider turtle benefit from having those lights fitted on their aquariums.
Manufacturers of solar cells must test the overall efficiency of the cells. They require to be tested indoors, which has traditionally been performed using mostly Sulphur plasma lamps or xenon arc lamp.
Within the automotive industry, solar simulation tests are used to ensure automotive system reliability and functionality.
Artificial sunlight (solar simulators) are also used for sun light exposure testing and of color fastness and material stability for textile, plastics and paints.
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- Solar Simulation: Basic Requirements