Artiguelouve

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Artiguelouve
Commune
View of Artiguelove
View of Artiguelove
Coat of arms of Artiguelouve
Coat of arms
Artiguelouve is located in France
Artiguelouve
Artiguelouve
Coordinates: 43°19′07″N 0°28′26″W / 43.3186°N 0.4739°W / 43.3186; -0.4739Coordinates: 43°19′07″N 0°28′26″W / 43.3186°N 0.4739°W / 43.3186; -0.4739
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Lescar
Intercommunality Miey de Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Marc Denax
Area1 10.74 km2 (4.15 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,544
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64060 /64230
Elevation 137–300 m (449–984 ft)
(avg. 156 m or 512 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Artiguelouve is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Artiguelouviens or Artiguelouviennes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Grocery in Artiguelouve
Entry to the village
Exit from the village

Artiguelouve is located in the urban area of Pau some 8 km north-west of Pau and 3 km south-west of Lescar. Access to the commune is by road D2 from Laroin in the south-east passing through the north-east of the commune and continuing north-west to Pardies. The D509 connects the D2 to the D817 across the river. The D804 branches off the D2 in the commune and goes west along the northern fringe of the town and continues to Arbus. Access to the centre of the town is by the D146 which branches off the D804 and goes south through the town and continues to Aubertin. The residential area of the town occupies about 10% of the commune with the rest mixed forest and farmland.[2]

Bus Route 802 from Artix to Pau of the Interurban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques has a stop in the commune.

The Gave de Pau runs along the north-eastern border of the commune and passes through the north of the commune flowing north-west. The Juscle river flows from the south of the commune to near the town then flows north-west parallel to the Gave de Pau until it eventually joins the Gave de Pau near Tarsacq.

Places and Hamlets[edit]

  • Baïlot
  • Barat
  • Barrailh
  • Les Barthes
  • Bénou
  • Biroulet
  • Bordenave
  • Brouquisse
  • Castagnous
  • Castéra
  • Cinquau
  • Coudelounguet
  • Duran
  • Le Gras
  • Grassa
  • Guillou
  • Haget
  • Lacoste
  • Lacoude
  • Lacoustète
  • Lansolles
  • Larréheuga
  • Lassauque
  • Loumède
  • Loustau
  • Milhé
  • Cité des Mimosas
  • Mirande
  • Mondet
  • Ogeu (fountain)
  • Paille
  • Pélou
  • Peyreblanque
  • Piqueur
  • Pucheu
  • Puyade
  • Les Sagettes
  • Salaberthe
  • Serra
  • Tuquet
  • Turon
  • Le Vert Galant

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Artiguelouve in 1926

Artiguelouve (meaning "clearing of wolves" in the béarnaise definition), comes from 'artiga which means "clearing"[3] or "fallow land"[4] and the oronym lob ("height").[3]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Artiguelouve Artiguelouve 12th century Raymond
14
Marca Village
Artiguelobe 1220 Raymond
14
Order of Malta
Artigaloba 1286 Raymond
14
Titles of Fiefdom E267
Artiguelobe 1385 Grosclaude Census
Artigaloba 1286 Raymond
14
Titles of Fiefdom E267
Artigaloube 1630 Marca
450
Artigueloube 1630 Marca
256
Artigalouve 1750 Cassini
Ardos Ardaos 1101 Raymond
9
Lescar Hamlet (destroyed), Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn, belonged to the Jurors of Lescar
Nardos 1449 Raymond
9
Cour Major
Ardoos 1538 Raymond
9
Reformation

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 14 of his 1863 dictionary that, in 1385, Artiguelouve had 28 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. The commune was a dependency of the Marquisate of Gassion and, with Poey, formed the jurisdiction of a notary.[5]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Artiguelouve
These arms do not comply with the Rule of tincture: Or on Argent is not allowed

Blazon:
Quarterly, 1 and 4 Azure, a crescent of Argent between three mullets of Or; 2 Argent, two wolves of Or rampant confronting; 3 a cow of Or collared and belled the same surmounted by a crown of a Marquis the same.



Administration[edit]

Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[13]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Claude Ducasse
2001 2014 Eline Gosset
2014 2020 Jean-Marc Denax

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The Chateau of Artiguelouve

The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Miey de Béarn;
  • the SIVU for nursing home care for senior citizens in the Canton of Lescar;
  • the AEP association of Gave and Baise;
  • the association for the management of the Drainage basin of theJuscle and its tributaries;
  • the Sanitation association for the communes of the valleys of the Juscle and the Baise;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for defence against flooding of the Gave de Pau;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,544 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
480 464 427 606 673 662 674 682 660
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
603 590 545 590 600 577 561 545 551
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
541 541 493 438 445 409 386 413 448
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
552 549 678 822 898 1,252 - 1,544 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Cinquau around 1899
Wines of Jurançon
Population of Artiguelouve

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Jurançon AOC, Béarn AOC, and Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Michel

The Church of Saint-Michel (15th century) is registered as a historical monument.Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The School

The commune has a school grouping consisting of two kindergarten classes and five primary school class (Marc Dugène School Group[3][15]) as well as a library / media centre.

Sports and Sports facilities[edit]

The Artiguelouve Golf Course and also that of Billère are the two golf courses in the Pau area. La Maison des sports[15] was opened on 29 May 2010.

Le FC3A is a football club and school for players from Artiguelouve, Arbus, and Aubertin.[15]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c Miey de Béarn - Artiguelouve website (French)
  4. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-90916-041-6 (French)
  5. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  6. ^ a b Pierre de Marca, Histoire de Bearn, La Veuve Jean Camusat, 1640, 850 pages (French)
  7. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Artiguelouve
  8. ^ Titles of the Order of Malta in the Departmental Archives of Haute-Garonne (French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  11. ^ Cour Majour of Béarn, register manuscripts from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000555 Church of Saint-Michel (French)
  15. ^ a b c Official website of the commune

External links[edit]