Artistic Gymnastics World Cup

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Artistic Gymnastics World Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2018 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup Series
Sport Gymnastics
Founded 1975
Countries Worldwide

The Artistic Gymnastics World Cup is a competition series for artistic gymnastics sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). It is one of the few tournaments in artistic gymnastics officially organized by FIG, as well as the World Championships, the gymnastics competitions at the Olympic Games and the Youth Olympics.[1]

History[edit]

The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) hosted the first artistic gymnastics on an international scale in 1975. This genre of sport from then onwards was named as the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup, an original competition reserved for the current best gymnasts. It was composed of a single and unique event, bringing together very few gymnasts in all around competition and in apparatus finals. This initiative was taken in a particular context, since the world championships took place merely every four years.[2] The world cup event held every year for artistic gymnastics was, however, upheld only until 1990.

In 1997, the World Cup was revived as a series of qualifying events for a period of two years, culminating in a final event that was known as the World Cup Final. The different stages, sometimes referred to as World Cup Qualifiers, mostly served the purpose of awarding points to individual gymnasts and groups according to their placements. These points would be added up over the two-year period to qualify a limited number of athletes to the biennial World Cup Final event.[3] Six World Cup Final events were staged in even years from 1998 to 2008. For example, the World Cup Final competition in 1998 served as the last stage of a series of competitions through the 1997–1998 season. At the World Cup Final, gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded to individual athletes in each apparatus.

Eight standalone World Cup events had been staged from 1975 to 1990, and FIG retroactively named these events World Cup Final.[3] The gymnasts were invited to these world cups based on results from the previous world championships or Olympic Games. From 1997 to 2008, the World Cup series of qualifying events were the only way athletes could qualify for the World Cup Final. At the FIG Council in Cape Town (South Africa) in May 2008, members decided to no longer run any world cup and series finals for all FIG disciplines from January 2009.[4]

Current format[edit]

Beginning in 2009, the World Cup has been competed strictly as a series of stages with no culminating final event. In each of the stages, the top three gymnasts or groups in each apparatus, as well as in the all-around competition, are awarded medals and prize money.[5][6] In 2011, the apparatus competitions were renamed World Challenge Cups while the all-around competitions kept the World Cup name. In 2013, FIG reintroduced the Individual Apparatus World Cup series along with the All-Around World Cup series and the World Challenge Cup series.

After each stage, gymnasts are awarded points according to their placement (not only in medal positions). After the last event of the World Cup series, the three or four best results at the World Cup stages count towards a ranking list. The same is true for the World Challenge Cup series. The individual gymnast with the highest number of points in each apparatus (or in the all-around) is then declared the winner of the series. For the All-Around World Cup, results from a two-year long series decide the winner. Only the winning nation receives a cup at the end of the series, while the top three gymnasts receive prize money. For the Individual Apparatus World Cup, the winner in each apparatus is also declared after a two-year long series. For the World Challenge Cup series, the winner in each apparatus is declared at the end of each year.[7]

Events[edit]

World Cup Final[edit]

Year Event Location Type
1975 1st World Cup Final United Kingdom London All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1977 2nd World Cup Final Spain Oviedo All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1978 3rd World Cup Final Brazil São Paulo All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1979 4th World Cup Final Japan Tokyo All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1980 5th World Cup Final Canada Toronto All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1982 6th World Cup Final Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zagreb All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1986 7th World Cup Final China Beijing All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1990 8th World Cup Final Belgium Brussels All-around (C-II) and apparatus (C-III)
1998 9th World Cup Final Japan Sabae Apparatus (C-III)
2000 10th World Cup Final United Kingdom Glasgow Apparatus (C-III)
2002 11th World Cup Final Germany Stuttgart Apparatus (C-III)
2004 12th World Cup Final United Kingdom Birmingham Apparatus (C-III)
2006 13th World Cup Final Brazil São Paulo Apparatus (C-III)
2008 14th World Cup Final Spain Madrid Apparatus (C-III)

World Cup series[edit]

In 2009 and 2010, events in the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series were divided into Category A events (reserved for invited athletes only) and Category B events (open to all athletes). In 2011 and 2012, the individual apparatus competitions were renamed World Challenge Cup events while the all-around competitions retained the World Cup name. Since 2013, the World Cup series has been divided into three groups: 1) the All-Around World Cup series; 2) the World Challenge Cup series; and 3) the Individual Apparatus World Cup series. All of the World Challenge Cup and Individual Apparatus World Cup competitions remain open to all athletes, while the All-Around World Cup competitions are by invitation only, according to the results of the previous World Championships or Olympic Games.[8]

Year Series Individual Apparatus
World Cup events
All-Around
World Cup events
World Challenge
Cup events
2009 2009 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series 8 N/A N/A
2010 2010 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series 12 N/A N/A
2011 2011 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series N/A 4 8
2012 2012 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series N/A 3 7
2013 2013 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series 1 4 5
2014 2014 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series N/A 4 6
2015 2015 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series N/A 1 7
2016 2016 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series 1 3 10
2017 2017 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series 3 3 6
2018 2018 FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series 4 4 6

Successful nations[edit]

What follows is a list of nations which have earned at least one medal at the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup circuit. Results accounted for include: 1) the standalone World Cup events staged eight times from 1975 to 1990; 2) World Cup Qualifiers (i.e., stages which merely qualified for the World Cup Final) held by FIG from 1997 to 2008; 3) FIG World Cup Final events, held six times between 1998 and 2008; 4) both Category A and Category B World Cup formats of the World Cup Qualifiers (1997 to 2008) and World Cup Series (2009 and 2010); and 5) all of the World Cup (2009 to 2018) and World Challenge Cup (2011 to 2018) events.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Technical Regulations 2018" (PDF). International Gymnastics Federation. Retrieved April 27, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Artistic Gymnastics". Federation Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique-World Cup Finals". International Gymnastics Federation. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  4. ^ http://www.fig-gymnastics.com/vsite/vcontent/page/custom/0,8510,5187-188438-205660-44685-282893-custom-item,00.html
  5. ^ http://www.fig-gymnastics.com/vsite/vcontent/content/transnews/0,10869,5187-187975-19728-44545-312649-17968-5233-layout188-205197-news-item,00.html[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-12. 
  7. ^ FIG news
  8. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique - Artistic Gymnastics Rules". International Gymnastics Federation. Retrieved 2018-04-27. 
  9. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2014 Ghent World Cup
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Gymnastics Results - 2014 Ljubljana Challenge Cup
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Gymnastics Results - 2015 Doha Challenge Cup
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Gymnastics Results - 2016 Szombathely Challenge Cup
  13. ^ a b c d e Gymnastics Results - 2016 Baku Challenge Cup
  14. ^ a b c d e Gymnastics Results - 2015 Varna Challenge Cup
  15. ^ a b Gymnastics Results - 2014 Doha Challenge Cup
  16. ^ a b Gymnastics Results - 2015 São Paulo Challenge Cup
  17. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2017 Doha Challenge Cup
  18. ^ a b c d e f Gymnastics Results - 2015 Anadia Challenge Cup
  19. ^ a b Gymnastics Results - 2005 Maribor World Cup
  20. ^ a b c Gymn-Forum - 1977 World Cup
  21. ^ a b c d GymMedia - 2003 Thessaloniki World Cup
  22. ^ AGF 2018
  23. ^ a b c GymMedia - 1999/2000 World Cup Circuit
  24. ^ Results - 2018 Melbourne World Cup
  25. ^ GymMedia - 2011 Doha Challenge Cup
  26. ^ a b Gymnastics Results - 2011 Maribor Challenge Cup
  27. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2016 Mersin Challenge Cup
  28. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2016 Varna Challenge Cup
  29. ^ a b Gymnastics Results - 2016 Ljubljana Challenge Cup
  30. ^ GymMedia - 2005/2006 medal winners
  31. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2006 Maribor World Cup
  32. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2010 Doha World Cup
  33. ^ Gymnastics Results - 2007 Moscow World Cup
  34. ^ Gymn-Forum - 1978 World Cup