Artistic freedom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Artistic freedom is the extent of freedom of an artist to produce art to his/her own insight. The extent can deviate to customs in a certain school of art, directives of the assigner, etc.[1][2]

Artistic freedom should not be confused to the freedom of art (e.g. Kunstfreiheit in Germanic countries), where it is a constitutional provision to prevent political censorship.[3][4]

A related colloquial term is artistic license, the distortion of fact, alteration of the conventions of grammar or language, or rewording of pre-existing text made by an artist for artistic effect.[5]

National approaches[edit]

United States[edit]

In the United States, the first amendment protects artistic expression.[6]

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects artist expression.[7][8]

United Kingdom[edit]

UK laws do not define grossly offensive expression.[9]

Studies[edit]

In 2012-2013, the United Nations carried out a comprehensive study on artistic freedom.[needs update] Based on a background report produced in June-July 2012, as well as an experts meeting and an open consultation in Geneva in December 2012, the UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights Ms. Farida Shaheed submitted her final report to the UN Human Rights Council in June 2013.[10]

In 2017, the Danish free speech advocacy group Freemuse released their annual report Art Under Threat about the state of artistic freedom in 2016 which showed a 119 percent increase in attacks and censorship from 2015.[11] The music industry was the main target of serious violations, and second to film in overall violations, including non-violent censorship.[12] The most serious violations included the murder of Pakistani Qawwali singer Amjad Sabri and the killing of Burundi musician Pascal Treasury Nshimirimana.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Rosen (4 April 2012). Freedom and the Arts: Essays on Music and Literature. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-06549-9.
  2. ^ K. E. Gover (26 January 2018). Art and Authority: Moral Rights and Meaning in Contemporary Visual Art. OUP Oxford. pp. 13–. ISBN 978-0-19-108130-9.
  3. ^ Eric Barendt (19 November 2010). Academic Freedom and the Law: A Comparative Study. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 56–. ISBN 978-1-84731-610-3.
  4. ^ Eric Barendt (11 August 2005). Freedom of Speech. OUP Oxford. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-0-19-102174-9.
  5. ^ Henry W. Peacock (1995). Art as Expression. Howells House. pp. 55–. ISBN 978-0-929590-14-1.
  6. ^ "Artistic Expression".
  7. ^ "Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Our Country, Our Parliament". lop.parl.ca.
  8. ^ Toolkit, Web Experience. "Art and Freedom of Expression". humanrights.ca.
  9. ^ Censorship, Index on. "Taking the offensive – defending artistic freedom of expression in the UK - Index on Censorship Index on Censorship". www.indexoncensorship.org. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  10. ^ Shaheed, Farida (14 March 2013). "Report of the Special Rapporteur in the Field of Cultural Rights, Farida Shaheed : the right to freedom of artistic expression and creativity".
  11. ^ "Artistic Freedom Under Threat | USC Center on Public Diplomacy". uscpublicdiplomacy.org. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  12. ^ "Artistic freedom under attack in 2016 | IQ Magazine". IQ Magazine. 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  13. ^ "Art Under Threat: The bleak reality of growing attacks on freedom of expression". FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music. 2017-03-19. Retrieved 2018-07-25.

External links[edit]