Artists' Union of the USSR

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The Artists' Union of the USSR[note 1] (Russian: Союз художников СССР, romanizedSoyuz khudozhnikov SSSR) was a creative union of the Soviet artists and art critics embracing the Republics of the Soviet Union.

The Union started in 1932 to supersede the AKhRR. The integral Union was instituted in 1957.[1] By January 1, 1976 the Union included 14,538 members.[1]

In was officially disbanded at its 8th Congress in January 1992 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, with its rights distributed over the corresponding unions in the post-Soviet states.

History[edit]

Prior to the Artists' Union of the USSR, there existed the Union of Soviet Artists (Союз советских художников, Soyuz sovetskikh khudozhnikov), which was founded at Moscow in spring 1930 and included Moscow and Leningrad artists along with former members of the AKhRR.[2] The first exhibition of the Union of Soviet Artists was held on 15 April 1931 in Moscow at the exhibition hall of the co-operative society Khudozhnik.[3] The Union of Soviet Artists ceased to exist in 1932 after the government regulation.

Following the resolution "On the Restructuring of Literary and Artistic Organizations" by the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) on 23 April 1932, unions of Soviet artists were established in the Union and autonomous republics, in krais, in oblasts, and in cities to supersede previous organizations.[1]

The first Congress of the Artists' Union of the USSR was convened in February–March 1957.[4]

Chairmen of the Artists' Union of the USSR[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The title in accordance with the English edition of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.[1] Also referred to as the USSR Union of Artists or the Union of Artists of the USSR.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d A. M. Prokhorov, ed. (1980). "Artists' Union of the USSR". Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 24 (3rd ed.). New York; London: Collier Macmillan Publishers. p. 15. OCLC 59306354. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Художественные объединения и творческие союзы России на рубеже XIX-XX вв". Art-Katalog.com (in Russian). Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Открытие юбилейной выставки, посвященной 75-летию Пензенского отделения Союза Художников РФ" (in Russian). Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. 26 November 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  4. ^ Rueschemeyer, Marilyn; Golomshtok, Igor; Kennedy, Janet (1985). "The History and Organization of Artistic Life in the Soviet Union". Soviet Emigré Artists: Life and Work in the USSR and the United States. New York; London: M. E. Sharpe. p. 37. ISBN 0-87332-296-7.