Artois Hound

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Artois Hound
Artois Hound
Other namesChien d'Artois
Height 53–58 cm (21–23 in)
Weight 28–30 kg (62–66 lb)
Kennel club standards
Société Centrale Canine standard
Fédération Cynologique Internationale standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Artois Hound or Chien D'Artois is a medium-sized breed of dog. A scent hound, the Artois was breed in northern France as a pack hunter. It is a rare breed today, but was popular in France before the 20th century. The breed was heavily crossbred and had to be reconstructed in the 1970s to more closely resemble the historical breed.


The Artois is a medium-sized, muscular dog about 53 to 58 centimetres (21 to 23 in) high at the withers and 28 to 30 kilograms (62 to 66 lb). They have a square-shaped muzzle and long, low-hanging ears. Their tail is long and carried upwards in a "sickle" shape. The coat is short and typically dark fawn tricolor, "similar to a hare or badger".[1]

A scent hound, the Artois is a small pack hunter with a strong pack instinct. They have been used to hunt small game, as well as deer and wild boar. Like many hounds, they have a loud musical bark.[2][3][4]


The Artois Hound are from Artois, in northern France. A similarly named dog was referenced as early as 1609, with Prince Alexandre de Gray mentioning "a pack of little d'Artois dogs" in a letter.[5]

Engraving of the original D'Artois Hound.

During the 19th century, the Artois Hound was increasingly crossbred with British breeds.[5] Le Couteulx de Canteleu, in the 1890 Manuel de Vénerie Française, writes that it was difficult to find a purebred Artois, but the breed remained one of the best breeds for hare hunting.[1] In the 1880s, Ernest Levair in Picardy had attempted the re-establishment of the old Artois type.[5] Another prominent breeder contemporary to Levair, Mallard, also bred Artois, but his dogs were much less similar to the historical descriptions of the breed.[1] For all their efforts however the Second World War was very damaging for the breed and after the Second World War, the Artois was all but extinct.[5]

In the 1970s a few aficionados,[2] in particular Audrechy, decided to reconstitute the breed from a few remaining specimens, including those of the Prince de Conde. Thanks to their efforts the modern day Artois closely resembles the original.[5]

Artois puppy, three months old

The modern Artois Hound is recognized by the FCI and the United Kennel Club.[3][1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Chien D'Artois Breed Standard" (PDF). FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE. Retrieved 12 February 2024.
  2. ^ a b Arthus-Bertrand, Yann (1993). Dogs. Cassel & Co. p. 384. ISBN 0-304-35630-1.
  3. ^ a b "Breed Standards : Chien d'Artois". United Kennel Club (UKC). Retrieved 2024-02-13.
  4. ^ Morris, Desmond (2002). Dogs : the ultimate dictionary of over 1,000 dog breeds. Internet Archive. North Pomfret, Vt. : Trafalgar Square Pub. ISBN 978-1-57076-219-2.
  5. ^ a b c d e Wilcox, Bonnie; Walkowicz, Chris (1989). The Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World. T.F.H. Publications. pp. 278–279. ISBN 978-0-86622-899-2.

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