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The Artotyrites, or Artotyritæ, were a sect branched from the ancient Montanists, who first appears in the 2nd century, and spread throughout Galatia. They used bread and cheese in the Eucharist, or perhaps baked bread with cheese. Their reason was that the first men offered to God, not only fruits of the earth, but of their flocks too. Hence, according to St. Augustine, came their name, which is Greek, being composed of ἀρτος, 'bread' and τυρος, 'cheese'.