Artuk Bey

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Zaheer-ul-Daulah Artuk Beg
Governor of Jerusalem
In office
1085–1091
Succeeded byIlghazi and Sökmen
Personal details
Bornunknown
Died1091
Jerusalem, Seljuq Empire
NationalityTurk, Döger tribe of the Oghuz[1]
Military service
AllegianceSeljuq Empire
RankGeneral
Battles/warsBattle of Manzikert (1071)
Conquest of Amid (1085)
Battle of Aleppo (1086)

Zaheer-ul-Daulah Artuk Beg (also known as "son of Eksük") was a Turkish commander of the Seljuq Empire in the 11th century. He was the Seljuk governor of Jerusalem between 1085–1091. Although the beylik of Artukids was named after him, actually the Beylik was founded 11 years after his death by his sons (Sökmen (Artuqid) and Ilghazi).

In Anatolia[edit]

Artuk Bey was one of the commanders of the Great Seljuk Empire army during the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. After the battle, he took part in the conquest of Anatolia on behalf of the Seljuk Empire. He captured the Yeşilırmak valley in 1074. He also served the sultan by quashing a rebellion in 1077.[2]

His next mission was a campaign to capture Amid (modern Diyarbakır) from the Marwanids. In this campaign he quarreled with the commander in chief Fahrüddevlet who tended to make peace with Marwanids. In a surprise attack he defeated reinforcements to Marwanids. However, when the sultan Malik Shah I heard about the event he accused Artuk.[3]

In Syria[edit]

Artuk left the battle field and attended to Tutush I who was Malik Shah's discordant younger brother in Syria in 1084. In 1086 he was instrumental in defeating Suleiman ibn Qutulmish, the sultan of Seljuks of Rûm in a battle between Süleyman and Tutush.

In Kudüs[edit]

Tutush granted him al-Quds (Jerusalem) as an iqta and Artuk there until his death in 1091.

Citation[edit]

  1. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam" Archived 2014-11-10 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 25 March 2015
  2. ^ Yüce- Sevim p.164
  3. ^ Yüce-Sevim, p.68

Sources[edit]

  • Yücel, Yaşar; Sevim, Ali (1990). Türkiye Tarihi Cilt I. Ankara: AKDTYK Yayınları.