Artur Adson

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Artur Adson
Siuru 1917.jpg
Artur Adson (seated second from left) with fellow members of the Siuru movement in 1917
Born 3 February [O.S. 22 January] 1889
Sänna, Estonia
Died 5 January 1977(1977-01-05) (aged 87)
Stockholm, Sweden
Nationality Estonian
Literary movement Siuru, Tarapita
Spouse Marie Under

Artur Adson (3 February [O.S. 22 January] 1889 – 5 January 1977) was an Estonian poet, writer and theatre critic.[1]

Early years[edit]

Artur Adson (born Karl Arthur Adson) was born in Tartu and attended school in Tartu, Sänna and Võru. After graduating he first studied surveying in Pskov. In 1925-26, he studied literature at the University of Tartu. Artur Adson was a surveyor, journalist and theater critic in Estonia and Russia. He met his future wife Marie Under in 1913 and were married in 1927.

Literary career[edit]

From 1917 Artur Adson was a member of the Siuru literary movement, which exerted great influence on the Estonian literature. Later Adson was also active in the Tarapita movement. Addition Adson was one of the most outstanding poets in the Võro language of southern Estonia. As an often conservative theatrical and literary critic, he exercised influence on the cultural scene of the Republic of Estonia.


With the Soviet occupation of Estonia Artur Adson and his wife fled into exile to Sweden. There, he found employment as an archivist. Both continued their interest in the Estonian literature. Adson died in Stockholm, aged 87. Both Adson and Under are interred at the Skogskyrkogården cemetery in Stockholm.


  • "Henge palango" (1917)
  • "Vana LATERNA" (1919)
  • "Roosikrants" (1920)
  • "Kaduvik" (1927)
  • "Katai, kibuvits Nink Kivi" (1928)
  • "Pärlijõgi" (1931)
  • "Lehekülg ajaraamatust" (1937)
  • "Rahumäe kannel" (1973)


  • Läheb mööda (1923)
  • Toomapäev (1928)
  • Neli Kuningat (1931)
  • Lauluisa yes Kirjaneitsi (1930
  • Iluduskuninganna (1932)


  1. ^ Don Rubin, Peter Nagy, Philippe Rouyer, World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Europe, Taylor & Francis, 1995, ISBN 0-415-05928-3, p248