Artyom, Russia

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Artyom

Артём
A monument to Vladimir Lenin in Artyom
A monument to Vladimir Lenin in Artyom
Flag of Artyom
Flag
Coat of arms of Artyom
Coat of arms
Location of Artyom
Artyom is located in Russia
Artyom
Artyom
Location of Artyom
Artyom is located in Primorsky Krai
Artyom
Artyom
Artyom (Primorsky Krai)
Coordinates: 43°22′N 132°12′E / 43.367°N 132.200°E / 43.367; 132.200Coordinates: 43°22′N 132°12′E / 43.367°N 132.200°E / 43.367; 132.200
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPrimorsky Krai[1]
Founded1924[2]
City status sinceOctober 26, 1938
Government
 • BodyDuma
 • HeadVladimir Novikov
Area
 • Total506 km2 (195 sq mi)
Elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 • Total102,603
 • Rank158th in 2010
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
 • Administratively subordinated toArtyom City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
 • Administrative center ofArtyom City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
 • Urban okrugArtyomovsky Urban Okrug[4]
 • Administrative center ofArtyomovsky Urban Okrug[4]
Time zoneVLAT (UTC+10:00)[5]
Postal code(s)[6]
692486, 692750, 692751, 692753, 692754, 692756, 692759, 692760, 692764, 692766–692771, 692775, 692778
Dialing code(s)+7 42337
City DayLast Sunday of August
OKTMO ID05705000001
Websitewww.artemokrug.ru

Artyom or Artem (Russian: Артём, IPA: [ɐrˈtʲɵm]) is a city in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located in the north of the Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula. Population: 102,603 (2010 Census);[3] 64,145 (2002 Census);[7] 68,887 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1924[2] near the Zybunny pit mine, named after revolutionary Fyodor Sergeyev who was better known by his nickname Artyom. On October 26, 1938, it was granted town status.[citation needed] In 2004, the amalgamation of surrounding former urban-type settlements of Uglovoye, Zavodskoy, and Artyomovsky into the city saw its official population rise from around 60,000 to over 100,000.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated as Artyom City Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Artyom City Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Artyomovsky Urban Okrug.[4]

Economy[edit]

Half of the able-bodied population of Artyom is engaged in the production of materials.

Artyom has twenty-nine industrial enterprises, half of which are private. Among the consumer goods produced in the town are furniture, china, sewing production. The companies employing the largest number of workers in Artyom are Primorskoye Mine Administration (3,500 people) and Artyom-Mebel Furniture Factory (1,100 people). Fifteen joint ventures have been registered in Artyom.

Coal mining has always been the basis of the local economy, although the existing coal reserves have practically been exhausted. The forecasts are that transport will be the most productive industry for Artyom's economic development.

The Vladivostok International Airport is located near Artyom, and to the southwest, the Uglovoye military airfield. The largest Primorsky Krai railway junction is also found here. Annually, 12 million tons of cargo pass through Artyom to Vladivostok, and 24 million tons to Nakhodka. In 1994, the airport served 500,000 passengers. This number represented no more than 28% of its potential.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Artyom
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −8.6
(16.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
2.1
(35.8)
10.1
(50.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.3
(64.9)
22.4
(72.3)
24.4
(75.9)
20.6
(69.1)
13.8
(56.8)
3.6
(38.5)
−5.1
(22.8)
9.3
(48.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.7
(9.1)
−9.5
(14.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.6
(42.1)
10.8
(51.4)
14.5
(58.1)
18.9
(66.0)
21.0
(69.8)
16.5
(61.7)
9.4
(48.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
5.2
(41.4)
Average low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−13.7
(7.3)
−6.3
(20.7)
1.1
(34.0)
6.0
(42.8)
10.8
(51.4)
15.5
(59.9)
17.7
(63.9)
12.5
(54.5)
5.0
(41.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−13.0
(8.6)
1.2
(34.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
20
(0.8)
46
(1.8)
61
(2.4)
91
(3.6)
102
(4.0)
132
(5.2)
117
(4.6)
63
(2.5)
32
(1.3)
17
(0.7)
706
(27.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Artyom is built mainly with one-, two-, and five-story panel buildings, though a comparatively large number of wooden private houses can be seen.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 25. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ a b c Law #157-UZ
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №368-ФЗ от 11 октября 2018 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 5 Федерального закона "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #368-FZ of October 11, 2018 On Amending Article 5 of the Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ "Climate: Artyom". Retrieved March 24, 2018.

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №673-КЗ от 6 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Приморского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #673-KZ of October 6, 2015 On Amending the Law of Primorsky Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №157-КЗ от 10 ноября 2004 г. «Об Артёмовском городском округе», в ред. Закона №123-КЗ от 13 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края в связи с изменением наименований некоторых сельских населённых пунктов Приморского края». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №72, 11 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #157-UZ of November 10, 2004 On Artyomovsky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-KZ of November 13, 2012 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai Due to the Changes of Names of Some Rural Inhabited Localities of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).

External links[edit]