|Motto: Peace, Justice & Prudence|
|Region||Northern Region of Uganda|
|Sub-region||West Nile sub-region|
|• Mayor||Charles Asiki|
|Population (2014 Census)|
Arua is a town in Arua District in the Northern Region of Uganda. An important local commercial centre, it is a base for a large refugee population from South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and is an aid distribution centre for those nations.
Arua is approximately 440 kilometres (270 mi), by road, northwest of Kampala, the capital of and largest city in Uganda. This is approximately 195 kilometres (121 mi), by road, west of Gulu, the largest town in northern Uganda. iThe coordinates of the town are 3°02'18.0"N, 30°54'39.0"E (Latitude:3.038325; Longitude:30.910825). The first town plan for Arua was drawn by A.E. Weatherhead.
The word "Aru-a" in the Lugbara language means "In prison" and was the name colonialists used for a hill where prisoners were jailed (Arua Hill). Cattle now graze on the hill and kickboxers use it as a training ground. Arua Town, north of tge hill, was established on 14 June 1914. There is a structural plan to develop a model eco-tourism satellite city in Arua after Barifa Forest is degazetted.
Arua was the capital of the former West Nile Province. With the breakup of the province in the 1970s into Arua, Nebbi, and Moyo Districts, Arua Town became the capital of Arua District. It was initially slotted as the proposed capital of Lado Enclave.
Arua is an important base for non-governmental organizations working in the West Nile sub-region or serving Western Equatoria in South Sudan or the northeastern DRC. It has become increasingly important as a commercial supply centre and transport route, as the Yei–Juba road has opened up and supplies come into Juba from the south on the Kaya Highway rather than through Khartoum.
A branch of the Ugandan Railways was extended to Arua sometime after 1964, but there has been no passenger rail service in Uganda for many years. Freight transport by rail to Arua is also unknown currently.
The 2002 national census estimated the population of Arua Town at 43,930. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population to be 57,500. In 2011, UBOS estimated the population at 59,400. In August 2014, the national population census put the population at 62,657.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2015)|
The dominant tribe in Arua District are the Lugbara people, who are divided up into the different dialects of Vurra who come from Vurra County, Ayivu who are from Ayivu County (dialect also spoken in Maracha District), Terego from Terego County and Madi who are from Madi-Okollo County. The Madi from Madi-Okollo have a variant dialect from those in Moyo District and Adjumani District plus the Kakwa tribe who are from Koboko District.
The following administrations are seated in Arua:
- headquarters of Arua District Administration
- headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Arua and the Church of Uganda's Madi West Nile Diocese
- offices of theArua Town Council
Other business and educational activities
- a campus of the Islamic University in Uganda
- Arua Campus of the Makerere University Business School
- Arua central market
- Arua Currency Center, a currency storage and processing facility, owned and operated by the Bank of Uganda, Uganda's central bank.
- Arua Hospital, a 128-bed public, regional referral hospital administered by the Uganda Ministry of Health
- Ragem Beach
- Arua Campus of Uganda Christian University in Ringili at St. Paul's Theological College
- main campus of Muni University, the sixth public university established by the government of Uganda
- White Castle, Ewuata, five kilometres away on Nebbi Road.
- a branch of PostBank Uganda
- an office of the National Social Security Fund
BTN TV was the first television broadcast station in Arua and West Nile that went on air in 2003. It features local news, talk shows plus a variety of music, lifestyle programmes, documentaries and movies. Other analog broadcasts (which originate from Kampala) include WBS TV, UBC TV and NTV. In early 2014, MBC 2 was aired in Arua as a test broadcast to pave way for Vision Group's Urban TV. The Ombaci Earth Satellite Station, set up in 1976 during Idi Amin's reign, is used for some of these broadcasts. Also available are digital satellite services from DStv/ GOtv, Startimes and others.
Voice of Life (VOL), a Church of Uganda-founded radio station, has pioneered FM broadcasting in Arua since 1997. In 2002, Arua One (which was acquired by the Vision Group in 2012) followed as the first secular station based in the municipality. Also on air is Nile FM, a sister to BTN TV plus the Catholic Diocese of Arua's (2005 All Africa BBC Award-winning) Radio Pacis, UBC Radio (West Nile Channel), BBC on 99.4 FM, Radio Maria on 90.5 FM plus a Congolese Christian station (mainly in French) on 90.0 FM.
- UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Citypopulation.de Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Road Distance Between Kampala And Arua With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Map Showing Arua And Gulu With Distance Marker". Globefed.com. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Google (2 July 2015). "Location of Arua at Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- BBC (14 November 2006). "Uganda's Booming Border Town". BBC News. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Nairobi Railway Museum". Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- "Uganda Travel Advice and Advisories (Government of Canada)". Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- USHMU (11 May 2012). "Use The Road for Making Wealth – President Urges West Nile People". Uganda State House Media Unit (USHMU). Retrieved 1 July 2015.
- UBOS. "Estimated Population of Arua In 2002, 2010 And 2011" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- BOU. "Currency Centers: Arua Curency Center". Bank of Uganda. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Staff, Writer (28 March 2014). "Urban TV’s Faith Ariho Promoted?". Bigeye.ug. Retrieved 2 June 2014.