Arun Krushnaji Kamble

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Arun Krushnaji Kamble
अरुण कृष्णाजी कांबळे
Portrait of Arun Kamble.jpg
Professor Arun Kamble
Born (1953-03-14)14 March 1953
Kargani, Athpadi, Sangli, Maharashtra, India
Died 20 December 2009(2009-12-20)(aged 56)
Hyderabad, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Dalit Panther, Janata Dal
Children Aparant Kamble
Ashutosh Kamble

Arun Krushnaji Kamble (14 March 1953 – December 2009[1]) was a Marathi writer and Dalit activist. Arun Kamble, President and one of the founding members of Dalit Panther, worked as a Head of Marathi department at University of Mumbai. He was the National General Secretary of Janata Dal. He took many major decisions in favour of Dalit, Backward Class and Minorities.

Introduction[edit]

Prof.Arun Kamble in early age.

Kamble formed Dalit Panther of India as a social organisation alongside Namdeo Dhasal and Raja Dhale in 1976. Later Kamble became the National General Secretary of Janata Dal and worked with former Prime Minister V.P. Singh. He demanded the renaming of Marathwada University to "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University". Kamble, a writer, poet and editor, authored many books such as Cultural Struggle in Ramayana, Conversion of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Cheevar, Vaad-Samvad, Yug-Pravartak Ambedkar, Chalvaliche Diwas, and Tarkateerth Ek Vadato-Vyaghyat. He was awarded with many accolades such as "The Prabuddha Ratna Puraskar", Life Time Achievement International Award. Some of his works have been translated into English, German, French, Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Urdu (Dalit Awaaz) and Hindi (Suraj ke Vansh-dhar).

Biography[edit]

Early days[edit]

Arun Kamble and Maisaheb Ambedkar in Dalit Panther days.

Kamble was born on 14 March 1953, in Mahar Dalit family of village-Kargani, Atpadi near Sangli. He was a follower of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as Dr.Ambedkar was an inspiration to him.His mother and father both were School Headmaster in Sangli. His mother (Shantabai Kamble) and father (Krushnaji Kamble) have written autobiographies called Majya Jalmachi Chittarkatha[2] and Mi Krushna respectively. His father was a well known personality in Kargani district.

Arun Kamble 3.JPG

Education[edit]

His school days were in Athapadi and Dighanchi at Sangli. He completed B.A. (honors) from Willingdon College, Deccan Education Society, Sangli in 1974. Later he earned his M.A. from Siddhartha College in 1976 with distinction in "Shodhnibandh ani Shodhnibandhachi Lekhan Paddhati". His major interests were Dalit literature and Ambedkarite Movement.

Academic career[edit]

Prof. Arun Kamble discussing some issues with Former Prime minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi

He joined Dr. Ambedkar College of Commerce and Economics, Wadala, Mumbai in 1976 as a lecturer of Marathi (1976–1985). Later he joined Kirti College, Dadar (W), Mumbai (1985–1989). In 1990 he joined the University of Mumbai as a "Reader". Until his death he was a PhD Guide in Marathi Department and also was Head of Phule, Shahu Chair in University of Mumbai.

Political and Social career[edit]

Kamble was the National President and one of the founding members of Dalit Panther.[3] He was also the National General Secretary of Janata Dal, a member of the National Election Committee – Janata Dal (Parliamentary Board), and in charge of Election Committee of Bihar State. He successfully led the Namantar Andolan of Marathwada University as a president of Dalit Panther of India.

When the dispute arose on the book 'Riddles in Hinduism' (Appendix, Riddles of Ram & Krishna) authored by Dr.Ambedkar, Kamble led an intellectual fight and a march with Ten Lakh people (January 1987) and the provision for reservation to Buddhist, Backward class, and minorities with Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh. He got promises and assurance to implement the Mandal Commission;Second Backward class Commission,[4] with an immediate effect (1989).

Professor Arun Kamble in conversation with former Prime Minister V.P. Singh.
This picture was taken during the World Conference on Buddha, Phule, Ambedkar's Literature at Kalyan (Maharashtra).

Kamble resigned from Janata Dal on the issue of Dalit president of India. He led a march as a President of Dalit Panther during an Assembly Session at Nagpur on the issue of publishing Dr. Ambedkar's complete body of literature (1979). He later worked as a member of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Charitra Sadhane Publication which was borne by a march.

Kamble worked as an editor for the book Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Writings & Speeches. Maharashtra Government declared a decision to omit a part from the Appendix (Riddles in Hinduism, 'Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Writings and Speeches' Volume 4). For this issue he left the editor's committee and filed a lawsuit in the High Court against the Maharashtra Government.

He inaugurated 'Manusmruti Cremation Conference' at Karur by Dravida Kazhagam, founded by Periyar E. V. Ramasamy (1983). He also inaugurated and led a march to protest against the outrageous behavior on Dalit community at Karamchedu (1987). He led Samajik Nyay Jyoti (Social Justice Flame) with Ram Vilas Paswan from Chundur to New Delhi (1992). He was the Chief Guest at 'All India Dalit Writer's Conference' (October 1987) and worked as a convener of the 'All India Dalit Writer's Association. He inaugurated a Social Gathering of Dalit Literature at Bangalore (1986) and gave a speech at the conference of the Namantar-Mandal (1984). He inaugurated the 9th Marathi Conference at Badoda (1995) and gave a speech at the All India Dalit Liberation conference (6 December 1987). He undertook an editorial work for the periodicals Ambedkar Bharat, Shoonya, and Sangharsh.

Committee undertakings[edit]

Kamble worked as a member of National Police Commission[5] and as a committee member for the advisory board of Special Department for Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribes at the University of Mumbai. He was a president of 3rd All India Conference on Dr. Ambedkar's Literature at Wardha and also a president at the World Conference on Buddha, Phule, and Ambedkar Literature at Kalyan ( 23–25 March 2002).

Major works[edit]

Poetical works[edit]

Prose works[edit]

Prime Minister V.P.Singh gifted his own painting of Buddha (his own creation) to Prof. Arun Kamble.
  • "Ramayanatil Samskrutik Sangharsh"- (Cultural Struggle in Ramayana – Critical study of Ramayana) This book earn immense publicity in Mumbai and Hyderabad High Court as Research work. Panther Publication 1982, 1987.[7]
  • "Ramayanma Samskrutik Sangharsh"- Published by Subhash Palekar on 6 December 1993.
  • "Janata Patratil Lekh"(JanataDr.B.R.Ambedkar, Edited by Arun Kamble −7 appendices and 47 pages preface) Published by University of Mumbai and Popular Publication, 1993.[8]
  • "Cheevar"-(Essays on Literature and Culture),Ashay Publication, 1995.[9][10]
  • "Yug Pravartak Ambedkar"-(Epoch Making Ambedkar) Ashay Publication, 1995.[8]
  • "Chalvache Diwas"- (Reminisances of the Agitations), Ashay Publication, 1995.
  • "Vad Samvad"-(Debate and Dialog) an Intellectual Prose, Pratima Publication – 1996,Pune.
  • "Dharmantarachi Bheemgarjana" Conversion of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar) – Pratima Publication – 1996,Pune.
  • "Marathi Intellectual Prose", Edited by Arun Kamble and other, Text prepared for B.A. (University of Mumbai), Pratima Publication,2003.
  • "Tarkateerth Laxmanshastri Joshi—Ek Vadatovyaghyat", Critical writing on Laxmanshastri Joshi,Ambedkar Bharat Publication, 1987.

Translations[edit]

  • "Priya Adarker" translated a selection of his poems into English under the title Arun Kamble: ARUN KRUSHNAJI KAMBLE, Poems.[11]
  • "Modern Indian Poetry" Published by[12] Pritish Nandy.
  • "An Anthology of Dalit Literature", Edited by Eleanor Zelliot and Mulk Raj Anand.
  • Poems published on the cover page, Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, Journals of Michigan University,USA 1978 & 1998.
  • "Some Aspects of Half Social Justice, Krishna Aiyar
  • From "Untouchable to Dalit", Eleanor Zelliot(Carleton College,USA), Manohar 2005.
  • "Poisoned Bread" Edited by Arjun Dangle, Orient Longman and Co. 1992.
Kamble Family tree diagram 2.JPG

Speeches[edit]

  • Speech at Panvel.[13]
  • Speech at Pandharpur[14]
  • Speech at Amaravati[15]
  • Speech at Parbhani[16]
  • Documentary on Dalits (Mumbai's Way: Il buddismo negli slum. Visita a Daharawi con il Dr. Arun Kamble).[17]

Death[edit]

Kamble was found dead in a lake at Hyderabad. News of his suspected death in a mysterious manner came as a major shock to his friends in socio-political circles.[1] Kamble had gone to Hyderabad on 13 December 2009 to take part in an International Seminar at Birla Scientific Institute in Saifabad and went missing the next day.[18]

Sources[edit]

  • Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Writings and Speeches By Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, Vasant Moon Published by Education Dept., Govt. of Maharashtra, 1979
  • Panelists for "Siyahi's Translating Bharat 20–22 January 2008 – Language, Globalisation & right to be read".[19]
  • Dalit Movement in Maharashtra By Prahlad Gangaram Jogdand Published by Kanak Publications, 1991
  • Dalits in the 21st century – India's ex-untouchables and modernity by Magdalena Dziurlikowska
  • India 360, Maharashtra – Published on Fri, 1 December 2006 at 02:17[20]
  • The First All India Dalit Writers Conference (held on 8, 9, 10 October 1987 at Exhibition Grounds, Hyderabad, A.P.): A Commemorative Volume & Who's who By Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Memorial Trust Published by Under the auspices of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Memorial Trust, 1994[21]
  • Economic and Political Weekly Published by Sameeksha Trust., 1978 Item notes: v.13 pt.3 1978 Jul–Sep [22]
  • Journey Towards Dalit Dignity By Ke Padmārāvu Published by All India Telugu Bahujan Welfare Society, 1999[23]
  • Economic and Political Weekly Published by Sameeksha Trust., 1982[24]
  • Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India : Movements By Sanjay Paswan, Pramanshi Jaideva Published by Kalpaz Publications, 2002 Item notes: v. 3 Item notes: v.3[25]
  • Four Decades of Indian Literature: A Critical Evaluation By Prabhakar Balvant Machwe Published by Chetana Publications, 1976[26]
  • State and Society By Indian Institute for Regional Development Studies Published by The Institute, 1983 Item notes: v.4 (1983)[27]
  • Dalit Movement in Maharashtra By Prahlad Gangaram Jogdand Published by Kanak Publications, 1991[28]
  • Journal article by Arun Kamble, Gauri Deshpande; Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, Vol. 10, 1978[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dalit activist Arun Kamble may have drowned". 
  2. ^ Majhya Jalmachi Chitra Katha(TYBA) Shantabai K. Kamble
  3. ^ violent turn to marathwada stir 7 dec 1979 Archived 13 July 2011 on Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Arun Kamble Speaking of the Mandal Commission
  5. ^ Eighth Report National Police Commission – Contents Appendices
  6. ^ Arun Krushnaji Kamble – poetry by Prof.Arun Kamble[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Ramayanatil Samskruti Sangharsh by Prof. Arun Kamble[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ a b Yug Pravartak Ambedkar by Prof.Arun Kamble[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Chivar part-1 by Prof.Arun Kamble Archived 13 March 2011 on Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Chivar part-2 by Prof.Arun Kamble[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Poisoned Bread: Translations from Modern Marathi Dalit Literature By Arjuna Ḍāṅgaḷe Contributor Arjuna Ḍāṅgaḷe Edition: reprint
  12. ^ Modern Indian Poetry By Pritish Nandy Compiled by Pritish Nandy Published by Arnold-Heinemann Publishers (India), 1974
  13. ^ Prof. Arun Kamble's Speech at Panvel on YouTube
  14. ^ Prof. Arun Kamble's Speech at Pandharpur on YouTube
  15. ^ Prof. Arun Kamble's Speech at Amaravati on YouTube
  16. ^ Prof. Arun Kamble's Speech at Parbhani on YouTube
  17. ^ Mumbai's Way: Il buddismo negli slum. Visita a Daharawi con il Dr. Arun Kamble
  18. ^ "Kamble did not commit suicide, says sister". 
  19. ^ Siyahi's Translating Bharat 20–22 January 2008
  20. ^ India 360: What makes Dalits angry?
  21. ^ The First All India Dalit Writers Conference
  22. ^ Economic and Political Weekly
  23. ^ Journey Towards Dalit Dignity
  24. ^ Economic and Political Weekly
  25. ^ Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India : Movements
  26. ^ Four Decades of Indian Literature: A Critical Evaluation
  27. ^ State and Society By Indian Institute for Regional Development Studies
  28. ^ Dalit Movement in Maharashtra
  29. ^ The Life We Live

External links[edit]