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The staple food is rice along with fish, meat (Lukter) and many green vegetables. Different varieties of rice are available. Lettuce is the most common and preferred vegetable of all, prepared by boiling it with ginger, coriander and green chillies and pinch of salt. Boiled rice cakes wrapped in leaves is a famous snack. Dishes in eastern districts like Tirap and Changlang have some different method in their way of food preparation.
Many wild herbs and shrubs are also part of the cuisine. Dried bamboo shoots are used extensively in cooking.
Prior to Indian Independence when British policy to isolate the Hill people NEFA (North-East Frontier Agency) were in effect, wild birds and animals were a big part of their diet, but modern restrictions on hunting has made them non-existent.