Aruncus dioicus

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Aruncus dioicus
Aruncus dioicus 1549.JPG
Inflorescence
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Aruncus
Species: A. dioicus
Binomial name
Aruncus dioicus
(Walter) Fernald

Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) (known as goat's beard, buck's-beard[1] or bride's feathers) is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the family Rosaceae, and is the type species of the genus Aruncus. It has alternate, pinnately compound leaves, on thin, stiff stems, with plumes of feathery white or cream flowers borne in summer. This plant can be found in moist woodland, often at higher altitudes, throughout temperate areas of Europe, Asia, and eastern and western North America. In the UK it is considered suitable for planting in and around water areas,[2] and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]

The Latin specific epithet dioicus means “having the male reproductive organs on one plant, and the female on another”.[5]

The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound. Leaflets are sharply compoundly-serrate.

In Italy the young shoots are eaten, usually boiled briefly in herb infused water, and then cooked with eggs and cheese. In Friuli it is one of the ingredients in the local home-made soup based on wild greens called 'pistic'.[6]

Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus has shown potent cytotoxicity against Jurkat T cells.[7]

Varieties[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ BS 7370-5 Recommendations for maintenance of water areas
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Aruncus dioicus". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 8. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  5. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X. 
  6. ^ Ghirardini, M.; Carli, M.; Del Vecchio, N.; Rovati, A.; Cova, O.; Valigi, F.; Agnetti, G.; MacConi, M.; Adamo, D.; Traina, M.; Laudini, F.; Marcheselli, I.; Caruso, N.; Gedda, T.; Donati, F.; Marzadro, A.; Russi, P.; Spaggiari, C.; Bianco, M.; Binda, R.; Barattieri, E.; Tognacci, A.; Girardo, M.; Vaschetti, L.; Caprino, P.; Sesti, E.; Andreozzi, G.; Coletto, E.; Belzer, G.; Pieroni, A. (2007). "The importance of a taste. A comparative study on wild food plant consumption in twenty-one local communities in Italy". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 3: 22. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-3-22. PMC 1877798Freely accessible. PMID 17480214. 
  7. ^ Jeong, S. Y.; Jun, D. Y.; Kim, Y. H.; Min, B. S.; Min, B. K.; Woo, M. H. (2011). "Monoterpenoids from the aerial parts of Aruncus dioicus var. Kamtschaticus and their antioxidant and cytotoxic activities". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 21 (11): 3252–3256. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.04.043. PMID 21546250. 
  8. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 362. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Aruncus dioicus at Wikimedia Commons