Arundel

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Arundel
Arundel wikipedia.jpg
Town overlooked by castle
Arundel is located in West Sussex
Arundel
Arundel
Location within West Sussex
Area12.13 km2 (4.68 sq mi) [1]
Population3,475 (Civil Parish.2011)[2]
• Density286/km2 (740/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ018070
• London49 miles (79 km) NNE
Civil parish
  • Arundel
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townARUNDEL
Postcode districtBN18
Dialling code01903
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°51′16″N 0°33′14″W / 50.85439°N 0.5539°W / 50.85439; -0.5539Coordinates: 50°51′16″N 0°33′14″W / 50.85439°N 0.5539°W / 50.85439; -0.5539

Arundel (/ˈærəndəl/ or locally /ˈɑːndəl/) is a market town and civil parish in a steep vale of the South Downs, West Sussex, England.

The much-conserved town has a medieval castle and Roman Catholic cathedral. Although smaller in population than most other parishes, Arundel has a museum and comes second behind much larger Chichester in its number of listed buildings in West Sussex. The River Arun runs through the eastern side of the town.

Arundel was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Reform Act 1835. From 1836 to 1889 the town had its own Borough police force with a strength of three.[3] In 1974 it became part of the Arun district, and is now a civil parish with a town council.

Name[edit]

Arundel's old market place

The name comes from Old English Harhunedell, "valley of horehound", and is first recorded in the Domesday Book.[4] Folk etymology, however, connects the name with the Old French word arondelle "swallow", a diminutive form of arunde or aronde, and swallows appear on the town's arms.

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward of the same name exists. This ward stretches north to Houghton with a total population at the 2011 census of 4,298.[5]

Geography[edit]

Arundel's old town main street

Arundel civil parish occupies an area somewhat larger than its built-up clusters, with the old town towards the north and the new to the south, separated by a main road.[6]

The River Arun at Arundel.

Arundel town is a major bridging point over the River Arun as it was the lowest road bridge until the opening of the Littlehampton swing bridge in 1908. Arundel Castle was built by the Normans to protect that vulnerable fairly wooded plain to the north of the valley through the South Downs. The town later grew up on the slope below the castle to the south.[7] The river was previously called the Tarrant and was renamed after the town by antiquarians in a back-formation.

Arundel includes meadows to the south but is clustered north of the A27 road, which narrowly avoids the town centre by a short and congested single carriageway bypass. Plans for a more extensive, HQDC bypass were debated intensely between 1980 and 2010 and a junction was built for it at Crossbush. In Spring 2018, Highways England published their preferred route for the new bypass.[8] During 2018-19 there is a further period of consultation when views on a more detailed design for the four-mile dual carriageway will be sought.

Arundel railway station is on the Arun Valley Line. The Monarch's Way long-distance footpath passes through the town and crosses the river here, while just under five miles north and north-west of the town the route of the South Downs Way runs.

The town itself lies outside the boundaries of the South Downs National Park.

Society[edit]

Arundel is home to Arundel Castle, seat of the Duke of Norfolk; and to Arundel Cathedral, seat of the (Catholic) Bishop of Arundel and Brighton.

On 6 July 2004, Arundel was granted Fairtrade Town status.[9]

People born in Arundel are known locally as Mullets, due to the presence of mullet in the River Arun.[10]

Arundel is home to one of the oldest Scout Groups in the world. 1st Arundel (Earl of Arundel's Own) Scout Group was formed in 1908 only a few weeks after Scouting began.[11] Based in an HQ in Green Lane Close, it has active sections of Beaver Scouts, Cub Scouts and Scouts.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Arundel has a non-League football club Arundel F.C. which plays at Mill Road.

The town also has its own cricket ground at the castle, often cited as being one of the country's most picturesque.[12] It hosts Sussex County Cricket Club for a number of games each season.

Notable people[edit]

The church of St Nicholas

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  2. ^ Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  3. ^ Neville Poulsom, Mike Rumble and Keith Smith Sussex Police forces; a pictorial history from 1836 to 1986 (Middleton Press) (1987) ISBN 0 906520 436
  4. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Hodges, Flavia; Mills, A. D.; Room, Adrian (2002). The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: the University Press. p. 1011. ISBN 0198605617.
  5. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Parish Headcounts, Area: Arundel CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 5 April 2008.
  7. ^ Arundel Castle, Schedule Ancient Monument and Grade I listed building Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1012500)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  8. ^ "A27 Arundel Bypass Preferred route announcement" (PDF). Highways England. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  9. ^ Fairtrade town status Archived 7 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Facts about West Sussex". West Sussex County Council. 23 October 2006. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  11. ^ "Forward! Once more..." (PDF). Newsletter Issue 1. Arundel Scout Group. January 2008. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2009.
  12. ^ Cricinfoengland
  13. ^ "Grand National winner Liam Treadwell offered chance to fix teeth for free". The Telegraph. 23 April 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2018.

External links[edit]